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Los Alamos National Laboratory The Slitting Method for Residual Stress Measurement:   : MMC application
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Residual stress measured in a metal matrix composite

M.B. Prime and M.R. Hill, 2004, "Measurement of Fiber-Scale Residual Stress Variation in a Metal-Matrix Composite," Journal of Composite Materials, 38(23), pp. 2079-2095. preprint (pdf) . (LA-UR-03-4452)

MMC Specimen:

  • Kanthal matrix (weight % 73.2 Fe, 21 Cr, 5.8 Al, 0.04 C)
  • 200 µm diameter Tungsten fibers
  • 10 vol-% fiber content
  • 15 mm X 23 mm X 2.5 mm
  • Fibers run in 15 mm direction (see picture)
picture of specimen

Cut slot using wire EDM:

  • Cut slot using 30 µm diameter Tungsten wire
  • Resulting slot is 80 µm wide
  • Slot cut in 25 µm increments to final depth of 0.5 mm
  • Strain at each depth was measured with strain gage on top surface
slot in MMC

NEW Results:

  • A more sophisticated analysis showed that there were shear stresses in the measurement region
  • Using inherent strain analysis, all 3 in-plane stress components are determined
  • Black curves are residual stress predictions from thermoplastic finite element model. See paper (pdf) for details.

Old Results:

  • Previously assumed shear stress τxy = 0
  • Gave "shift" in answer
  • Usually τxy is very small because it must be zero on the surface and there is little to make it increase subsurface. However, the poximity of fibers make it much larger in this case.

FEM coefficients :

  • Because of heterogeneous geometry, used FEM to calculate coefficients
  • Mesh shown at right, zoomed in on portion from picture above
  • See FAQ question about using FEM

NOTE: The raw data from this test and any other data from published results can be made available for research purposes. Just email me.