Velimir V Vesselinov (monty)
Computation Earth Sciences Group (EES-16)
Earth & Environmental Sciences Division (EES)
Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)
Mail Stop T003
Los Alamos, NM 87545
Tel:  (505) 665-1458
Cell: (505) 412-7159
Email: v v v (a t) l a n l (d o t) g o v
Web: ees.lanl.gov/monty - github
monty

Information

  • Education

    PhD, 2000

    Department of Hydrology and Water Resources, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA
    Major: Hydrology
    Minor: Applied Mathematics
    Dissertation title: Numerical inverse interpretation of pneumatic tests in unsaturated fractured tuffs at the Apache Leap Research Site
    Advisor: Regents Professor Dr. Shlomo P. Neuman

    MEng, 1989

    Department of Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology, University of Mining and Geology, Sofia, Bulgaria
    Major: Hydrogeology
    Minor: Engineering Geology
    Dissertation title: Hydrogeological investigation in applying the Vyredox method for groundwater decontamination
    Advisor: Professor Dr. Pavel P. Pentchev

  • Research Interests
    • analytical and numerical techniques for simulation of flow/transport in saturated/unsaturated, porous/fractured media;
    • development of regional/site scale conceptual and numerical models; evaluation of conceptual model uncertainties; ontological trees;
    • parameter estimation; characterization of heterogeneity of subsurface flow medium; high-resolution stochastic imaging (tomography); stochastic inverse analysis; geostatistical and Monte-Carlo Markov-Chain methods;
    • scale effects in properties of porous/fractured media; Lévy (alpha-stable) distributions; fractal formalism;
    • subsurface fluid dynamics and contaminant transport; well hydraulics; exploration and protection of groundwater resources; design of groundwater-supply systems; capture-zone analyses;
    • decision support, model-based decision making, impact evaluation of uncertainties on decision making; risk assessment;
    • quantification of uncertainty associated with estimates, predictions, and conceptual model elements;
    • model selection; model ranking; Maximum Likelihood Bayesian Averaging (MLBA); Generalized Likelihood Uncertainty Estimation (GLUE);
    • evaluation of information content; data-worth analyses; global sensitivity and uncertainty analyses;
    • optimal design of environmental management activities (characterization, data acquisition; remediation; monitoring); experiment design aiming reduction of data gaps and uncertainties; optimal design of monitoring networks; decision trees;
    • General Information Theory (GIT); Fuzzy sets; Rough sets; Bayesian techniques; Information Gap Decision Theory; Bayesian Information Gap (BIG) Decision Theory;
    • single- and multi-objective optimization methods; global/local techniques; Levenberg-Marquardt and Particle Swarm methods;
    • model abstraction; model reduction; response surfaces; machine learning; reduced order modeling; support vector machines, support vector regression, non-negative matrix factorization; blind source separation; big-data analytics;
    • high-performance programming, computing and parallelization using heterogeneous multi-processor clusters (supercomputers); code development

Research

  • Publications
    • Zhang, X., Vesselinov, V.V., Integrated Modeling Approach for Optimal Management of Water, Energy and Food Security Nexus, Advances in Water Resources, doi: 10.1016/j.advwatres.2016.12.017, 2017. PDF
    • O'Malley, D., Vesselinov, V.V., ToQ.jl: A high-level programming language for D-Wave machines based on Julia. IEEE High Performance Extreme Computing, 10.1109/HPEC.2016.7761616, 2016. PDF
    • Lin, Y, O'Malley, D., Vesselinov, V.V., A computationally efficient parallel Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm for highly parameterized inverse model analyses, Water Resources Research, doi: 10.1002/2016WR019028, 2016. PDF
    • Hansen, S.K., Berkowitz, B., Vesselinov, V.V., O'Malley, D., Karra, S., Push-pull tracer tests: their information content and use for characterizing non-Fickian, mobile-immobile behavior, Water Resources Research, 10.1002/2016WR018769RR, 2016. PDF
    • Zhang, X., Vesselinov, V.V., Energy-Water Nexus: Balancing the Tradeoffs between Two-Level Decision Makers Applied Energy, Applied Energy, doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.08.156, 2016. PDF
    • Hansen, S.K., Vesselinov, V.V., Contaminant point source localization error estimates as functions of data quantity and model quality, 10.1016/j.jconhyd.2016.09.003, 2016. PDF
    • Grasinger, M., O'Malley, D., Vesselinov, V.V., Karra, S., Decision Analysis for Robust CO2 Injection: Application of Bayesian-Information-Gap Decision Theory, International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.ijggc.2016.02.017. PDF
    • Mattis, S.A., Butler, T.D. Dawson, C.N., Estep, D., Vesselinov, V.V., Parameter estimation and prediction for groundwater contamination based on measure theory, Water Resources Research, doi: 10.1002/2015WR017295, 2015. PDF
    • O’Malley, D., Vesselinov, V.V., Bayesian-Information-Gap Decision Theory (BIG-DT) with an application to CO2 sequestration, Water Resources Research, doi: 10.1002/2015WR017413, 2015. PDF
    • Lu, Z., Vesselinov, V.V., Analytical Sensitivity Analysis of Transient Groundwater Flow in a Bounded Model Domain using Adjoint Method, Water Resources Research, 10.1002/2014WR016819, 2015. PDF
    • Barajas-Solano, D. A., Wohlberg, B., Vesselinov, V.V., Tartakovsky, D. M., Linear Functional Minimization for Inverse Modeling, Water Resources Research, doi: 10.1002/2014WR016179, 2015. PDF
    • O’Malley, D., Vesselinov, V.V., Cushman, J.H., Diffusive mixing and Tsallis entropy, Physical Review E, doi: 10.1103/PhysRevE.91.042143, 2015. PDF
    • O’Malley, D., Vesselinov, V.V., A combined probabilistic/non-probabilistic decision analysis for contaminant remediation, Journal on Uncertainty Quantification, SIAM/ASA, doi: 10.1137/140965132, 2014. PDF
    • Vesselinov, V.V., O'Malley, D., Katzman, D., Robust Decision Analysis for Environmental Management of Groundwater Contamination Sites, In Vulnerability, Uncertainty, and Risk Quantification, Mitigation, and Management (ed. Michael Beer, Siu-Kui Au, and Jim W. Hall), 2916 pp, ISBN: 9780784413609, doi: 10.1061/9780784413609.197, 2014. Link
    • O’Malley, D., Vesselinov, V.V., Cushman, J.H., A Method for Identifying Diffusive Trajectories with Stochastic Model, Journal of Statistical Physics, Springer, doi: 10.1007/s10955-014-1035-6, 2014. PDF
    • Alexandrov, B., Vesselinov, V.V., Blind source separation for groundwater level analysis based on non-negative matrix factorization, Water Resources Research, doi: 10.1002/2013WR015037, 2014. PDF
    • O’Malley, D., Vesselinov, V.V., Analytical solutions for anomalous dispersion transport, Advances in Water Resources, doi: 10.1016/j.advwatres.2014.02.006, 2014. PDF
    • Heikoop, J.M., Johnson, T.M., Birdsell, K.H., Longmire, P., Hickmott, D.D., Jacobs, E.P., Broxton, D.E., Katzman, D., Vesselinov, V.V., Ding, M., Vaniman, D.T., Reneau, S.L., Goering, T.J., Glessner, J., Basu, A., Isotopic evidence for reduction of anthropogenic hexavalent chromium in Los Alamos National Laboratory groundwater, Chemical Geology, doi: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2014.02.022, 2014.
    • Freedman, V.L., Chen, X., Finsterle, S., Freshley, M., Gorton, I., Gosink, L., Keating, E., Lansing, C., Moeglein W., Murray C., Pau, G., Porter, E., Purohit, S., Rockhold, M., Schuchardt, K., Sivaramakrishnan, C., Vesselinov, V.V., Waichler, S., A high-performance workflow system for subsurface simulation, Environmental Modelling & Software, 55, pp. 176-189, doi: 10.1016/j.envsoft.2014.01.030, 2014. PDF
    • O’Malley, D., Vesselinov, V.V., Groundwater remediation using the information gap decision theory, Water Resources Research, doi: 10.1002/2013WR014718, 2014. PDF
    • Harp, D.R., Vesselinov, V.V., Accounting for the influence of aquifer heterogeneity on spatial propagation of pumping drawdown, Journal of Water Resource and Hydraulic Engineering, 2(3), pp. 65-83, 2013. PDF
    • Vesselinov, V.V., Katzman, D., Broxton, D., Birdsell, K., Reneau, S., Vaniman, D., Longmire, P., Fabryka-Martin, J., Heikoop, J., Ding, M., Hickmott, D., Jacobs, E., Goering, T., Harp, D.R., Mishra, P., Data and Model-Driven Decision Support for Environmental Management of a Chromium Plume at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Waste Management Symposium 2013, Session 109: ER Challenges: Alternative Approaches for Achieving End State, Phoenix, AZ, http://wmsym.org, 2013. PDF
    • Vesselinov, V.V., Pau, G., Finsterle, S, AGNI: Coupling Model Analysis Tools and High-Performance Subsurface Flow and Transport Simulators for Risk and Performance Assessments, Computational Methods in Water Resources (CMWR 2012), 2012. PDF
    • Vesselinov, V.V., Harp, D., Adaptive hybrid optimization strategy for calibration and parameter estimation of physical models, Computers & Geosciences, doi: 10.1016/j.cageo.2012.05.027, 2012. PDF
    • Harp, D., Vesselinov, V.V., Contaminant remediation decision analysis using information gap theory, Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment (SERRA), 10.1007/s00477-012-0573-1, 2012. PDF
    • Mishra, P.K., Gupta, H.V., Vesselinov, V.V.; On simulation and analysis of variable-rate pumping tests, Ground Water, doi: 10.1111/j.1745-6584.2012.00961.x, 2012. PDF
    • Mishra, P.K., Vesselinov, V.V., Kuhlmna, K.L.; Saturated–unsaturated flow in a compressible leaky-unconfined aquifer, Advances in Water Resources, doi: 10.1016/j.advwatres.2012.03.007, 2012. PDF
    • Mishra, P.K., Vesselinov, V.V., Neuman, S.P.; Radial flow to a partially penetrating well with storage in an anisotropic confined aquifer, Journal of Hydrology, doi: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2012.05.010, 2012. PDF
    • Harp, D., Vesselinov, V.V., An agent-based approach to global uncertainty and sensitivity analysis, Computers & Geosciences, doi:10.1016/j.cageo.2011.06.025, 2012. PDF
    • Harp, D., Vesselinov, V.V., Analysis of hydrogeological structure uncertainty by estimation of hydrogeological acceptance probability of geostatistical models, Special issue of Uncertainty Quantification (invited), Advances in Water Resources, doi:10.1016/j.advwatres.2011.06.007, 2010. PDF
    • Mishra, P.K., Vesselinov, V.V., Unified Analytical Solution for Radial Flow to a Well in a Confined Aquifer, arXiv:1110.5940, 2011. PDF
    • Vesselinov, V.V., Harp, D., Decision support based on uncertainty quantification of model predictions of contaminant transport, CMWR 2010: XVIII International Conference on Water Resources, J. Carrera (Ed), CIMNE, Barcelona 2010. PDF
    • Harp, D., Vesselinov, V.V., Identification of Pumping Influences in Long-Term Water Level Fluctuations, Ground Water, DOI: 10.1111/j.1745-6584.2010.00725.x., 2010. PDF
    • Morales-Casique, E, Neuman, S.P., Vesselinov, V.V., Maximum Likelihood Bayesian Averaging of air flow models in unsaturated fractured tuff using Occam and variance windows, Special issue of Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment (SERRA) Journal celebrating 70th anniversary of Shlomo P Neuman, vol. 24, DOI: 10.1007/s00477-010-0383-2, 2010. PDF
    • Harp, D., Vesselinov, V.V., Stochastic inverse method for estimation of geostatistical representation of hydrogeologic stratigraphy using borehole logs and pressure, invited, Special issue of Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment (SERRA) Journal celebrating 70th anniversary of Shlomo P Neuman, vol. 24, DOI 10.1007/s00477-010-0403-2, 2010. PDF
    • Vrugt, J., Stauffer, P., Wöhling, Th., Robinson, B., Vesselinov, V.V., Inverse Modeling of Subsurface Flow and Transport Properties Using Recent Advances in Global Optimization, Parallel Computing and Sequential Data Assimilation, Vadose Zone Journal, pp 843-864, 2008. PDF
    • Morales-Casique, E., Neuman, S.P., Vesselinov, V.V., Maximum likelihood Bayesian averaging of air flow models in unsaturated fractured tuff, pp.70-75, IAHS Publication 320, ISBN 978-1-901502-49-7, 2008. PDF
    • Harp, D., Dai, Z., Wolfsberg, A., Vrugt, J., Robinson, B., Vesselinov, V.V., Aquifer structure identification using stochastic inversion. Geophysical Research Letters L08404, doi:10.1029/2008GL033585, 2008. PDF
    • Vesselinov, V.V., Uncertainties In Transient Capture-Zone Estimates, Computational Methods in Water Resources XVI, (edited by P. Binning, P. Engesgaard, H. Dahle, G. Pinder & W. Gray), Balkema, Rotterdam, ISBN 90-5809-124-4, pp. 307-314, 2006. PDF
    • Vrugt, J.A, Robinson, B.A., Vesselinov, V.V., Improved Inverse Modeling in Geophysics: Combined Parameter and State Estimation, Geophysical Research Letters, v.32, L18408, doi:10.1029/2005GL023940, 2005. PDF
    • Vesselinov, V.V., Estimation of parameter uncertainty using inverse model sensitivities, Computational Methods in Water Resources XV (CMWR 2004) (ed. Miller, C., Farthing, M.W., Gray, W.G., Pinder, G.), Elsevier, ISBN 0-444-51839-8, pp. 508-514, doi:10.1016/S0167-5648(04)80139-4, 2004. PDF
  • Presentations
    • Lin, Y., Vesselinov, V.V., O'Malley, D., Wohlberg, B., Hydraulic Inverse Modeling using Total-Variation Regularization with Relaxed Variable-Splitting, SIAM Conference on Computational Science and Engineering, Atlanta, GA, 2017. PDF
    • Vesselinov, V.V., O'Malley, D., Katzman, D., Decision Analyses for Groundwater Remediation, Waste Management Symposium, Phoenix, AZ, 2017. PDF
    • Vesselinov, V.V., O'Malley, D., Model Analyses of Complex Systems Behavior using MADS, AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 2016. PDF
    • Vesselinov, V.V., O'Malley, D., Alexandrov, B., Moore, B., Reduced Order Models for Decision Analysis and Upscaling of Aquifer Heterogeneity, AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 2016, (invited). PDF
    • He, J., Hansen, S.K., Vesselinov, V.V., Analysis of Hydrologic Time Series Reconstruction Uncertainty due to Inverse Model Inadequacy, AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 2016. PDF
    • Lu, Z., Vesselinov, V.V., Lei, H., Identifying Aquifer Heterogeneities using the Level Set Method, AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 2016. PDF
    • Hansen, S.K., Haslauer, C.P., Cirpka, O.A., Vesselinov, V.V., Prediction of Breakthrough Curves for Conservative and Reactive Transport, AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 2016. PDF
    • Zhang, X., Vesselinov, V.V., Bi-Level Decision Making for Supporting Energy and Water Nexus, AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 2016. PDF
    • Lin, Y., Vesselinov, V.V., O'Malley, D., Wohlberg, B., Hydraulic Inverse Modeling using Total-Variation Regularization with Relaxed Variable-Splitting, AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 2016. PDF
    • Vesselinov, V.V., O'Malley, D., Katzman, D., ZEM: Integrated Framework for Real-Time Data and Model Analyses for Robust Environmental Management Decision Makin, Waste Management Symposium, Phoenix, AZ, 2016. PDF
    • Vesselinov, V.V., O'Malley, D., Katzman, D., Model-Assisted Decision Analyses Related to a Chromium Plume at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Waste Management Symposium, Phoenix, AZ, 2015. PDF
    • O'Malley, D., Vesselinov, V.V., Bayesian Information-Gap (BIG) Decision Analysis Applied to a Geologic CO2 Sequestration Problem, AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 2014. PDF
    • Cushman, J.H., Vesselinov, V.V., O'Malley, D., Random dispersion coefficients and Tsallis entropy, AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 2014. PDF
    • Bakarji, J., O'Malley, D., Vesselinov, V.V., A Social Dynamics Dependent Water Supply Well Contamination Model, LANL Postdoc Research Conference, 2014. PDF
    • Vesselinov, V.V., Alexandrov, B.A, Model-free Source Identification, AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 2014. PDF
    • Vesselinov, V.V., Katzman, D., Broxton, D., Birdsell, K., Reneau, S., Vaniman, D., Longmire, P., Fabryka-Martin, J., Heikoop, J., Ding, M., Hickmott, D., Jacobs, E., Goering, T., Harp, D., Mishra, P., Data and Model-Driven Decision Support for Environmental Management of a Chromium Plume at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Waste Management Symposium 2013, Session 109: ER Challenges: Alternative Approaches for Achieving End State, Phoenix, AZ, February 28, 2013. PDF
    • Vesselinov, V.V., Harp, D., Katzman, D., Model-driven decision support for monitoring network design based on analysis of data and model uncertainties: methods and applications, H32F: Uncertainty Quantification and Parameter Estimation: Impacts on Risk and Decision Making, AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, December 3-7, 2012, LA-UR-13-20189, (invited). PDF
    • Vesselinov, V.V., et al., AGNI: Coupling Model Analysis Tools and High-Performance Subsurface Flow and Transport Simulators for Risk and Performance Assessments, XIX International Conference on Computational Methods in Water Resources (CMWR 2012), University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, June 17-22, 2012. PDF
    • Leif Zinn-Bjorkman, L., Numerical Optimization using the Levenberg-Marquardt Algorithm, EES-16 Seminar Series, LA-UR-11-12010, 2011. PDF
    • Harp, D., Vesselinov, V.V., Recent developments in MADS algorithms: ABAGUS and Squads, EES-16 Seminar Series, LA-UR-11-11957, 2011. PDF
    • Vesselinov, V.V., et al., Environmental Management Modeling Activities at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), Department of Energy Technical Exchange Meeting, Performance Assessment Community of Practice, Hanford, April 13-14, 2010. PDF
    • Vesselinov, V.V., Harp, D., Decision support based on uncertainty quantification of model predictions of contaminant transport, CMWR 2010: XVIII International Conference on Water Resources, J. Carrera (Ed), CIMNE, Barcelona 2010. PDF
    • Vesselinov, V.V., Harp, D., Koch, R., Birdsell, K., Katzman, K., Tomographic inverse estimation of aquifer properties based on pressure variations caused by transient water-supply pumping, AGU Meeting, San Francisco, CA, December 15-19, 2008. PDF
  • Reports
    • Fate and Transport Investigations Update for Chromium Contamination from Sandia Canyon, LA-UR-08-4702, 2008. PDF
    • Pajarito Canyon Investigation Report, LA-UR-08-5852, 2008. PDF
    • Decision analysis for addressing groundwater contaminants from the radioactive liquid waste treatment facility released into Mortandad canyon, LA-UR-05-6397, 2005. PDF

Projects

  • DiaMonD: Data, Models, and Decisions
    DiaMonD: Mathematics at the Interfaces of Data, Models, and Decisions
    LANL PI: Velimir V Vesselinov

    DiaMonD is a project funded by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science.

    DiaMonD addresses Mathematics at the Interfaces of Data, Models, and Decisions.

    DiaMonD involves researchers from Colorado State University, Florida State University, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, University of Texas at Austin, and Stanford University.

    DiaMonD web site.

  • LANL Environmental Management Programs
    LANL Environmental Management Programs
    PI of "Vadose Zone and Regional Aquifer Flow and Transport Modeling": Velimir V Vesselinov

    Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) is a complex site for environmental management. The site encompasses about 100 km2 (37 square miles) of terrain with 600 m (2,000 feet) of elevation change, and an average rainfall of less than 300-400 mm (12 to 16 inches) per year. The site is intersected by 14 major canyon systems. Ecosystems within the site range from riparian to high desert and boast over 2,000 archaeological sites, as well as endangered species habitats.  The surface and subsurface water flow discharges primarily along the Rio Grande to the east of LANL. The Rio Grande traverses the Española basin from north to south; several major municipalities use the river water downgradient from LANL for water supply (Santa Fe, Albuquerque, El Paso/Juarez).

    Map of LANL and Espanola basin
    Regional aquifer beneath LANL

    The regional aquifer beneath LANL is a complex hydrogeological system.  The regional aquifer extends throughout the Española basin, and is an important source for municipal water supply for Santa Fe, Los Alamos, Española, LANL, and several Native-American Pueblos. The wells providing groundwater from this aquifer for Los Alamos and LANL are located within the LANL site and in close proximity to existing contamination sites. The regional aquifer is comprised of sediments and lavas with heterogeneous flow and transport properties. The general shape of the regional water table is predominantly controlled by the areas of regional recharge to the west (the flanks of the Sierra de los Valles and the Pajarito fault zone) and discharge to the east (the Rio Grande and the White Rock Canyon Springs). At more local scales, the structure of groundwater flow is also influenced by (1) local infiltration zones (e.g., beneath wet canyons); (2) heterogeneity and anisotropy in the aquifer properties; and (3) discharge zones (municipal water-supply wells and springs). The aquifer is also characterized by well-defined, vertical stratification which, in general, provides sufficient protection of the deep groundwater resources.

    The vadose zone, between the ground surface and the top of the regional aquifer, is about 180-300 m (600-1000 ft) thick. The vadose zone is comprised of sediments and lavas with heterogeneous flow and transport properties. The variably-saturated flow and transport through the thick vadose zone occurs through pores and fractures, and is predominantly vertical with lateral deviations along perching zones. The groundwater velocities in the vadose zone are high beneath wet canyons (up to 1 m/a) and low beneath the mesas (1 mm/a). Due to complexities in local hydrogeologic conditions, the hydraulic separation between the regional aquifer and the vadose zone is difficult to identify at some localities, especially where mountain-front recharge is pronounced.

    The complexity and size of the LANL site make environmental management a continuing engineering and scientific challenge. Legacy contamination—both chemical and radioactive—exists at many locations. Some of the oldest worldwide radioactive Material Disposal Areas (MDA’s), where waste is buried in pits and shafts, are located on the site. LANL is mandated to follow timetables and requirements specified by the Compliance Order on Consent from the New Mexico Environment Department (NMED) for investigation, monitoring, and remediation of hazardous constituents and contaminated sites. Currently, all the remediation activities are scheduled for completion in 2015.  LANL is taking actions to prevent potential contaminant effects on human health and the environment.

    Map of monitoring wells at the LANL site

    The environmental work performed at the LANL site is managed by the Environmental Programs (EP) Directorate. A team of external and LANL (Computational Earth Sciences Group, Earth & Environmental Sciences) researchers is tasked by the EP Directorate to provide modeling and decision support to enable scientifically-defensible mitigation of the risks associated with various LANL sites. The principal investigator of this team is Velimir Vesselinov.

    Since the 1950's, the LANL site has been the subject of intensive studies for characterization of the site conditions, including regional geology and hydrogeology. Various types of research have been performed at the site related to contaminant transport in the environment which include (1) laboratory experiments, (2) field tests, and (3) conceptual and numerical model analyses. The work is presented in a series of technical reports and peer-reviewed publications.

    Currently, important aspects of the environmental management at the LANL site include:

      >
    • design of a long-term monitoring network of groundwater flow and transport in the vadose zone and regional aquifer;
    • investigation of the hexavalent chromium plume in the regional aquifer; and
    • model-based analyses of the environmental impact caused by Material Disposal Areas (MDA’s): performance assessment (PA) and corrective measures evaluations (CME).
    Chromium plume in the regional aquifer

    A chromium plume has been identified in the regional aquifer beneath the LANL site. Our team has been tasked with providing modeling decision support to the Environmental Programs (EP) Directorate to enable scientifically-defensible mitigation of the risks associated with chromium migration in the environment. Large amount of data and information are available related to the chromium site (vadose-zone moisture content, aquifer water levels, contaminant concentrations, geologic observations, drilling logs, etc.); they are used to develop and refine conceptual and numerical models of the contaminant transport in the environment. The development of numerical models and performance of model analyses (model calibration, sensitivity analyses, parameter estimations, uncertainty quantification, source identification, data-worth analyses, monitoring-network design, etc.) is a computationally intensive effort due to large model domains, large numbers of computational nodes, complex flow media (porous and fracture flow), and long model-execution times. Due to complexities in the model-parameter space, most of the model analyses require a substantial number of model executions. To improve computational effectiveness, our team utilizes state-of-the-art parallel computational resources and novel theoretical and computational methods for model calibration, uncertainty analysis, risk assessment and decision support.

    Numerical modeling of flow and transport in the regional aquifer near Sandia Canyon

    The numerical model is capturing current conceptual understanding and calibrated against existing data (taking into account uncertainties)

    Regardless of existing uncertainties, the model provide information related to:

      >
    • spatial distribution of contaminant mass,
    • contaminant flux to the regional aquifer,
    • monitoring-network design, and
    • environmental risk.

    Conceptual model of flow at the TA-16 site
    Relevant computer codes:
    • MADS: Model Analysis & Decision Support
    • WELLS: Analytical simulator of drawdowns caused by multiple pumping wells
  • ASCEM (Advanced Simulation Capability for Environmental Management)
    ASCEM
    Advanced Simulation Capability for Environmental Management
    Decision Support PI: Velimir V Vesselinov

    A consortium of multiple national laboratories is developing high performance computer modeling capabilities to meet the challenge of waste disposal and cleanup left over from the creation of the US nuclear stockpile decades ago. The project is funded by the Department of EnergyOffice for Environmental Management (DOE-EM).

    Within ASCEM, the goal of the "Decision Support" task is to create a computational framework that facilitates the decision making by site-application users, modelers, stakeholders, and decision/policy makers. The decision-support framework leverages on existing and novel theoretical methods and computational techniques to meet the general decision-making needs of DOE-EM as well as the particular site-specific needs of individual environmental management sites.

    The decision-support framework can be applied to identify what kind of model analyses should be performed to mitigate the risk at a given environmental management site, and, if needed, support the design of data-acquisition campaigns, field experiments, monitoring networks, and remedial systems. Depending on the problem, decision-support framework utilizes various types of model analyses such as parameter estimation, sensitivity analysis, uncertainty quantification, risk assessment, experimental design, cost estimation, data-worth (value of information) analysis, etc.

    Relevant computer codes:
    • MADS: Model Analysis & Decision Support

Codes

  • MADS
    MADS

    MADS (Model Analysis & Decision Support) MADS is an integrated open-source high-performance computational (HPC) framework.

    MADS can execute a wide range of data- and model-based analyses:

    • Sensitivity Analysis
    • Parameter Estimation (PE), Model Inversion and Calibration
    • Uncertainty Quantification (UQ)
    • Model Selection and Model Averaging
    • Model Reduction and Surrogate Modeling
    • Machine Learning and Blind Source Separation
    • Decision Analysis and Support

    MADS has been tested to perform HPC simulations on a wide-range multi-processor clusters and parallel environments (Moab, Slurm, etc.).

    MADS utilizes adaptive rules and techniques which allows the analyses to be performed with a minimum user input.

    MADS provides a series of alternative algorithms to execute each type of data- and model-based analyses.

    MADS can be externally coupled with any existing simulator through integrated modules that generate input files required by the simulator and parse output files generated by the simulator using a set of template and instruction files.

    MADS also provides internally coupling with a series of built-in analytical simulators of groundwater flow and contaminant transport in aquifers.

    MADS has been successfully applied to perform various model analyses related to environmental management of contamination sites. Examples include solutions of source identification problems, quantification of uncertainty, model calibration, and optimization of monitoring networks.

    MADS current stable version has been actively updated.

    Professional softwares/codes with somewhat similar but not equivalent capabilities are:

    MADS source code, example input/output files, and a manual are available at MADS website.

    LA-CC-10-055, LA-CC-11-035

  • WELLS
    WELLS

    WELLS is a C code simulating drawdowns caused by multiple pumping/injecting wells using analytical solutions.

    WELLS can represent pumping in confined, unconfined, and leaky aquifers.

    WELLS applies the principle of superposition to account for transients in the pumping regime and multiple sources (pumping wells).

    WELLS can apply a temporal trend of water-level change to account for non-pumping influences (e.g. recharge trend).

    WELLS can account early time behavior by using exponential functions (transmissivities and storativities; Harp and Vesselinov, 2013).

    WELLS analytical solutions include:

    • confined aquifer (Theis, Mishra et al)
    • unconfined aquifer (transformed Theis, Mishra & Neuman)
    • leaky confined aquifer (Hantish, Mishra et al)
    • leaky unconfined aquifer (Mishra et al)
    • fully and partially penetrating pumping well(s)
    • fully and partially penetrating observation well(s)
    • transient pumping rates: step changes and linear changes (Mishra et al)

    WELLS has been applied to decompose transient water-supply pumping influences in observed water levels at the LANL site (Harp and Vesselinov, 2010a). For example, the figure below shows simulated drawdowns caused by pumping of PM-2, PM-3, PM-4 and PM-5 on water levels observed at R-15.

    Codes with similar capabilities are AquiferTest Pro, AquiferWin32, Aqtesolv, MLU, and WTAQ.

    The source code, example input/output files, and a manual are available at WELLS website.

    LA-CC-10-019, LA-CC-11-098

  • MPEST
    MPEST / MPRUN

    MPEST is a LANL-develeoped parallel version of the code PEST (Doherty 2009).

    MPEST has been developed to optimize the solving of parallel optimization problems at the LANL multi-processor clusters.

    MPEST has been applied in many parallel computing projects worldwide.

    MPEST parallelization framework is using the code MPRUN, a code that has been also developed at LANL.

    MPRUN is using POSIX threads to fork individual model runs to processors; this approach has been demonstrated to be very effective and superior to using MPI calls in terms of computational performance.

    MPEST/MPRUN parallel subroutines are currently imported and further developed in the code MADS. The source code, example input/output files, and a manual are available at MADS website.

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