Open access, also known as public access, is a type of unrestricted access to scholarly publications that is online, free of charge to everyone and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. Open access publications and policies have seen substantial growth amongst institutions, publishers and funders in recent years.
By making their work available via open access, authors allow the widest possible audience to read and use it. Without open access, this work would otherwise be available only to those who could afford costly journal subscriptions.
Benefits of open access publishing
- Increased dissemination and visibility
- Increased impact
- Contribute to the public good
- Fulfill funder requirements
- Authors retain rights
In February 2013, the United States White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) released a Memorandum titled "Increasing Access to the Results of Federally Funded Scientific Research." The Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) Public Access policy brings the Laboratory into compliance with the OSTP Memorandum and enables LANL authors to make readily accessible to the public all unrestricted scholarly publications resulting from research conducted by Laboratory workers.
Under the policy, scholarly articles will be deposited in the LANL Los Alamos Research Online (LARO) repository, an open access platform developed and maintained by the LANL Research Library. The author’s final peer-reviewed manuscript (i.e. the version which includes any changes made during the peer-review process, but does not include the publisher’s copyediting or formatting) will be used in most cases for deposit into LARO. Publications in LARO are openly and freely available to the public.
Through this policy, Los Alamos National Laboratory is exercising the U.S. Federal government royalty-free, irrevocable, nonexclusive license to publish and distribute copyrighted works developed under a contract or a financial assistance agreement with U.S. Federal government agencies, and to permit others to do so by or on behalf of the government.
The LANL Public Access Policy applies to scholarly publications resulting from all unclassified research at LANL and is consistent with the DOE Public Access Plan and plans of other US Federal agencies and various other funding organizations.
LANL policy on public access to scientific and technical information
- It is LANL policy to make readily available to the public all unrestricted scholarly publications that are considered STI resulting from research conducted by LANL workers.
- Unrestricted scholarly publications include journal articles and papers presented at conferences.
- LANL authors provide, to the Research Library, a copy of the author's final peer-reviewed and accepted manuscript no later than the date of publication.
- The Research Library may make such scholarly publications available to the public in the Los Alamos Research Online (LARO) open repository.
- It is LANL policy to make readily available to the public all unrestricted data and datasets that are considered STI resulting from research conducted by LANL workers.
- Unrestricted data and datasets include a wide variety of information stored in digital form such as experimental, observational and simulation data; codes, software and algorithms; text; numeric information; images; video; audio; and associated metadata.
- The Research Library has chartered a Data Working Group (DWG) that will advise LANL on approaches to support DOE principles for broader management of digital research data. Specific policies on managing the data life cycle are actively being studied by the DWG.
- LANL is taking a distributed approach to data storage. Internal group- and project-specific infrastructures can provide acceptable data storage solutions, as can external discipline-specific infrastructures and data repositories.