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Strategic Deterrent Forces A Foundation for 21st-Century National Security Meanwhile, we continue to work toward meeting the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) limits. U.S. Navy Admiral Cecil D. Haney visited Los Alamos in January 2014. The then-newly appointed Commander of U.S. Strategic Command (STRATCOM) toured the Laboratory and was briefed on the Lab’s national security mission. “I’ve been really impressed,” he told employees. “It’s clear to me that the work we do collectively—work associated with deterrence and assurance—along with the business of space threats, cyber threats, missile defense, and combating weapons of mass destruction…we’re teammates in this.” The United States has reduced its nuclear weapons stockpile by 85 percent relative to the Cold War peak. Instead of dozens of different delivery systems, we are well on our way to only four [intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs), submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBMs), cruise missiles, and the B61 bomb]. As we draw down our nuclear deterrent forces, the remaining systems must be safe, secure, effective, and ready. As STRATCOM commander, Admiral Haney works to ensure a safer world through better national security. On January 22, 2016, he delivered the keynote address for the Center for Strategic and International Studies in his native Washington, D.C. His talk, titled “Strategic Deterrent Forces As a Foundation to 21st-Century National Security,” is sum- marized as follows: A Complex World The global security environment is complex, dynamic, and volatile—perhaps more so than at any time in our history. Just a glance at headlines today will point to efforts supporting the coalitions in Syria, Iraq, and Afghanistan, as we continue to address a campaign against terrorists including Islamic State (aka ISIL) and other violent extremists. Malicious cyber and counter-space activities are increasing both in number and sophistication. At the same time, we have nation-states such as Russia, China, North Korea, and Iran whose behavior on the international stage warrants our attention. A number of nation-states are developing, sustaining, and/or modernizing their nuclear forces and supporting capabilities. 26 A New Start The U.S. Air Force has eliminated all non-operational ICBM silos and is in the process of placing 50 [of our 450] deployed ICBMs into non-deployed status. All ICBMs deploy only a single warhead—they are no longer armed with multiple, independently targetable warheads. The Air Force is also converting almost half of its nuclear- capable B-52 bombers to conventional-weapons-only bombers. The U.S. Navy is converting [to non-nuclear] four SLBM launch tubes [out of 24] on each of the 14 deployed Ohio-class nuclear ballistic missile submarines, thus removing 56 launch tubes from accountability. The benefit of the New START is that it engenders stability by maintaining rough equivalency in size and capability. However, in order to maintain strategic stability as we draw down our nuclear deterrent forces, the remaining systems must be safe, secure, effective, and ready. Clearly, there’s a lot going on. The reality is that the strategic environment continues to increase in complexity. Unlike the bipolar world of the Cold War, today’s multipolar world includes nation-states and non-state actors that are more akin to multiplayer, concurrent, potentially intersecting games of chess, challenging regional and global security dynamics. I drive a vehicle that is 13 years old—old by auto standards but a real “spring chicken” by our nuclear- deterrent-delivery system standards. The Bedrock I hope you would agree with me that achieving comprehensive deterrence and assurance rests on a whole- of-government approach. Foundational to this approach is America’s nuclear deterrent—a synthesis of dedicated sensors, assured command and control, the triad of delivery systems, nuclear weapons, enabling infrastructure, trained Los Alamos National Laboratory