Los Alamos National LaboratoryFUTURE: Fundamental Understanding of Transport Under Reactor Extremes
An Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences


FUTURE is organized into four Thrusts that target the fundamental behavior of materials under the coupled extremes of irradiation and corrosion.
The goal of FUTURE is to reveal the fundamental mechanisms that drive materials evolution under the coupled extremes of irradiation and corrosion.

Research Plan

We combine experiment and modeling to understand the fundamental processes responsible for materials evolution under concurrent irradiation and corrosion. Our focus is on point defect production, coupled transport of chemical species in the material, and reactions at and across interfaces.

Each of the thrusts in FUTURE is motivated by a specific scientific question that gets at the heart of the problem we are addressing:

  • How do coupled extremes affect defect populations and kinetics?
  • How is species transport impacted by non-equilibrium defect populations?
  • How do coupled extremes affect transport and reactions at solid/liquid interfaces?

Tying the Thrusts together are common cross-cutting science themes:

  • How does the chemistry of either the solid or liquid impact defect evolution?
  • How do stresses, both internal and external, change key rates?
  • What is the coupling between phase stability and defect kinetics?

Together, these Thrusts interrogate the fundamental mechanisms responsible for materials evolution that drive the response under coupled reactor extremes.