Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies

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Millicent A. Firestone

Millicent Firestone

Phone (505) 665-8554


  • CINT
  • Manipulate/Assemble
  • Structure Measurements


Soft, Biological and Composite Nanomaterials

Emphasizign in the design, synthesis and charcterization of hierarchical self-assembled, soft materials that can exploit the native capabilities of biological molecules to store and transduce energy. 


Ph.D., Chemistry, Northwestern University, 1993

M.A., Chemistry, University of Arizona, 1988

B.S., Chemistry, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, 1984


Professional Appointments

SBCN Thrust Leader, Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies, 2013- present



“Multi-layer micro/nanofluid devices with bionanovalves” (U.S. patent 20130000764) granted 1/03/2013

“Biomimetic Materials for Protein Storage and Transport” (U.S. Patent 8,168,746 ) granted 5/01/2012

“Synthetic Biological Membrane with self-organizing properties” (U. S. Patent 6,537,575) granted 3/25/2003



[Kimble-Hill, Ann C. * Jimenez-Segovia, Ilse * Firestone, Millicent A. * Hurley, Thomas D. * Wells, Clark D.], "Toward Understanding the Role of Angiomotin Lipid Binding in Cellular Proliferation and Migration", BIOPHYSICAL JOURNAL, Vol.104, iss.2, suppl.1, p.594A-594A, JAN 29 2013.

Ringstrand, B. S.; Seifert, S.; Firestone, M. A. “Preparation of a solution-processable, nanostructured ionic polyacetylene” J Poly Sci: Part B Poly Physics (2013), 51(16), 1215-1227.

Lee, S.; Seifert, S.; Firestone, M. A. “Multi-length scale evaluation of the temperature-tunable mechanical properties of a lyotropic mesophase”, Polymer J. Nature (2013), 45(2), 179-187. Cover article

Lee, S.; Ringstrand, B. S.; Stone, D. A.; Firestone, M. A. “Electrochemical activity of Glucose Oxidase on a poly(ionic liquid)- Au nanoparticle composite”, ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. (2012), 4(5), 2311-2317

Grubjesic, S.; Lee, B.; Seifert, S.; Firestone, M. A. “Preparation of a self-supporting cell architecture mimic by water channel confined photocrosslinking within a lamellar structured hydrogel”, Invited for inclusion in a themed issue of biomimetic soft matter, Soft Matter (2011), 7, 9695-9705.

Becht. G. A.; Sofos, M; Seifert, S.; Firestone, M. A. “Formation of a liquid-crystalline interpenetrating poly-(ionic liquid) network hydrogel”, Macromolecules (2011), 44, 1421-1428.

Edelstein, A.;Fink, D.;Musch, M.;Valuckaite, V.;Zabornia, O.;Grubjesic, S.;Firestone, M. A.;Matthews, J. B.; Alverdy, J. C. “Protective effects of nonionic tri-block copolymers on bile acid-mediated epithelial barrier disruption”, SHOCK Journal, 2011, 36(5),451-457.

Becht, G. A.; Lee, S.; Seifert, S.; Firestone, M. A. “Solvent tunable optical properties of a polymerized vinyl and thienyl substituted ionic liquid”, J. Phys. Chem. B (2010), 114, 14703-14711.

Lee, S. Becht, G. A.; Lee, B.; Burns, C. T.; Firestone, M. A., “Electropolymerization of a bifunctional ionic liquid monomer yields an electroactive liquid-crystalline polymer “Adv. Func. Mater. (2010), 20(13), 2063-2070. Cover Article.

Green, O.; Grubjesic, S.; Lee, S.; Firestone, M. A. “The design of polymeric ionic liquids for the preparation of functional materials”, Polymer Reviews. (2009), 19(10), 339. Invited review article.

Lee, S.; Cummins, M. D.; Willing, G. A.; Firestone, M. A. “Conductivity of ionic liquid-derived polymers with internal gold nanoparticle conduits”. J. Mater. Chem.  (2009), 19(43), 8092-8101. Cover Article.

Grubjesic, S., Firestone, M.A. “Cytoskeleton-mimetic reinforcement of self-assembled N,N’-dialylimidazolium ionic liquid monomer by copolymerization. Macromolecules” (2009), 42, 5461-5470.