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Michael Bruce Prime

Mike Prime

Phone (505) 667-1051


Residual stress measurement, analysis and effects. Inventor of the contour method and early developer of the slitting method.

Material behavior at shock pressures and high strain rates. Richtmyer-Meshkov instabilities.

Forensic failure investigations.


University of California, Berkeley, Department of Mechanical Engineering B.S. '89, M.S. '91, Ph.D. '94. Berkeley Fellow, NDSEG Fellow.


Professional Societies

Chairman, Northern New Mexico Section of ASME, 2007-2008

Associate Technical Editor, Experimental Mechanics, 2004-2006

Co-founder and organizer, Residual Stress Summit, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2010, 2013

Registered Professional Engineer in New Mexico, 1998-present

Program Chairman, 8th International Conference on Residual Stresses, 2008




Society for Experimental Mechanics A.J. Durelli Award 2012

ASME Fellow 2010

4 LANL Distinguished Performance Awards: 2004, 2007, 2008, 2009

8 Defense Program Awards of Excellence: 2000, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2007, 2010, 2013, 2014



U.S. Patent 6,470,756: M. B. Prime, “A System and Method for Measuring Residual Stress” (2002). Multiple licensees.

Experience and Consulting:

IBM Corporation, CA; New United Motors Manufacturing (GM/Toyota joint venture), CA; Wright Research and Development Center, OH; Boeing, Seattle, WA; Materials Integrity Solutions, Berkeley, CA; Hytec, inc, Los Alamos, NM; Berkeley Engineering and Research, CA.



Google Scholar: http://scholar.google.com/citations?user=6BrkuQEAAAAJ&hl=en

Book Chapter & Special Issue Editorships:

Prime, M. B., and DeWald, A. T., 2013, "The Contour Method," Chapter 5 in Practical Residual Stress Measurement Methods, G. S. Schajer, ed., John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK preprint (pdf).

I. C. Noyan and M. B. Prime (guest editors), “The Eighth International Conference on Residual Stresses,” Powder Diffraction, 24(2), 2009. (16 papers)

M. B. Prime, “Editorial for Special Issue on Residual Stress in Fatigue & Fracture,” Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials & Structures, 30, 172-172, 2007. preprint (pdf)

Major Lectures (ordered by significance)

(Conference Keynote) M. B. Prime, “Embrace the unexpected in residual stress: prediction ‘failures’ are opportunities,” The 10th International Conference on Residual Stresses, Sydney, Australia, 3-7 July 2016.

(Conference Keynote) M. B. Prime, A. T. DeWald, M. R, Hill, “Forensic determination of residual stresses from fracture surfaces,” 15th International Conference on Experimental Mechanics, Porto, Portugal, July 22-27, 2012.

(Conference Keynote) M. B. Prime, "Everything Engineers Need to Know to Model Shock Behavior of Metals,” First International Conference on Laser Peening (December 15-17, 2008) Houston-Texas, USA.

(Conference Keynote) M. B. Prime, M. L. Steinzig, “Beyond the Streetlight Effect: A United Future for Relaxation and Diffraction Methods for Residual Stress Measurement," The 9th European Conference on Residual Stresses, Troyes, France 7-10 July 2014.

(Keynote) M.B. Prime, “Estimation of Metal Strength at Very High Rates Using Free-Surface Richtmyer-Meshkov Instabilities,” International Conference on Plasticity, Damage, and Fracture 2017, Puerto Vallarta, Mexico, January 3-9, 2017.

(Workshop Keynote) M. B. Prime, “The Contour Method: Engineering Applications and Integration with Neutron / Synchrotron Measurements,” Engineering Applications of Neutrons and Synchrotron Radiation Workshop, Institut Laue-Langevin / European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, Grenoble, France. 13-14 September, 2004

(Keynote) M. B. Prime, "The Contour Method: A New Approach in Experimental Mechanics" Society for Experimental Mechanics Annual Conference, June 1-4, 2009, Albuquerque, NM, USA. preprint (pdf)

nternational Conference on Residual Stresses
nternational Conference on Residual StressesInternational Conference on Experimental Mechanics, Porto, Portugal, July 22-27, 2012.

Selected publications:

Jump to: Dynamic Behavior of Materials     Residual Stress     Vibrations and Structural Health Monitoring  

Dynamic Behavior of Materials

Prime, M. B., Buttler, W. T., Buechler, M. A., Denissen, N. A., Kenamond, M. A., Mariam, F. G., Martinez, J. I., Oró, D. M., Schmidt, D. W., Stone, J. B., Tupa, D., and Vogan-McNeil, W., 2017, "Estimation of Metal Strength at Very High Rates Using Free-Surface Richtmyer–Meshkov Instabilities," J. of Dynamic Behavior of Materials, doi:10.1007/s40870-017-0103-9. preprint (pdf).

Jensen, B. J., Cherne, F. J., Prime, M. B., Fezzaa, K., Iverson, A. J., Carlson, C. A., Yeager, J. D., Ramos, K. J., Hooks, D. E., Cooley, J. C., and Dimonte, G., 2015, "Jet formation in cerium metal to examine material strength," J. Appl. Phys., 118(19), p. 195903. preprint (pdf)

Prime, M. B., Buttler, W. T., Sjue, S. K., Jensen, B. J., Mariam, F. G., Oró, D. M., Pack, C. L., Stone, J. B., Tupa, D., and Vogan-McNeil, W., 2016, "Using Richtmyer–Meshkov Instabilities to Estimate Metal Strength at Very High Rates," Dynamic Behavior of Materials, Volume 1, B. Song, L. Lamberson, D. Casem, and J. Kimberley, eds., Springer International Publishing, pp. 191-197. preprint (pdf)

M B Prime, D E Vaughan, D L Preston, W T Buttler, S R Chen, D M Oro, C Pack, 2014, “Using growth and arrest of Richtmyer-Meshkov instabilities and Lagrangian simulations to study high-rate material strength,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 500 112051. (free pdf from publisher)

C.M. Cady, C.D. Adams, L.M. Hull, G.T. Gray III, M.B. Prime, F.L. Addessio, T.A. Wynn, P.A. Papin and E.N. Brown, 2012, “Characterization of Shocked Beryllium,” EPJ Web of Conferences, 26, p. 01009.

Prime, M. B., Chen, S.R., and Adams, C., 2012, "Advanced plasticity models applied to recent shock data on beryllium," AIP Conference Proceedings, 1426(1), pp. 1035-1038. doi: 10.1063/1.3686455. (free pdf from publisher).

R. L. Martineau, M. B. Prime, and T. Duffey, “Penetration of HSLA-100 Steel with Tungsten Carbide Spheres at Striking Velocities Between 0.8 and 2.5 km/sec,” International Journal of Impact Engineering, 30(5), 505-520. 2004. preprint (pdf)

M.B. Prime, R.L. Martineau, C. Necker, "Damage Initialization for Modeling of Dynamic Shear Banding," 1999 ASME Mechanics & Materials Conference, June 27-30, 1999, Blacksburg, Virginia. (pdf)

Residual Stress

Muránsky, O., Hamelin, C. J., Hosseinzadeh, F., and Prime, M. B., 2017, "Evaluation of a self-equilibrium cutting strategy for the contour method of residual stress measurement," Int. J. of Pressure Vessels and Piping, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpvp.2017.04.002. preprint (pdf).

Muránsky, O., Hamelin, C. J., Hosseinzadeh, F., and Prime, M. B., 2016, "Mitigating cutting-induced plasticity in the contour method. Part 2: Numerical analysis," Int. J. of Solids and Structures, 94–95, pp. 254-262. preprint (pdf).

Olson, M. D., DeWald, A. T., Prime, M. B., and Hill, M. R., 2015, "Estimation of Uncertainty for Contour Method Residual Stress Measurements," Experimental Mechanics, 55, pp. 577-585. DOI: 10.1007/s11340-014-9971-2. preprint (pdf).

Prime, M. B., and Steinzig, M. L., 2014, "Beyond the Streetlight Effect: A United Future for Relaxation and Diffraction Methods for Residual Stress Measurement," Advanced Materials Research, 996, pp. 234-242.

Prime, M. B., DeWald, A. T., Hill, M. R., Clausen, B., and Tran, M., 2014, "Forensic Determination of Residual Stresses and KI from Fracture Surface Mismatch," Engineering Fracture Mechanics., Vol 116, pp. 158-171.  preprint (pdf)

Kerr, M., Prime, M. B., Swenson, H., Buechler, M. A., Steinzig, M., Clausen, B., and Sisneros, T., 2013, "Residual Stress Characterization in a Dissimilar Metal Weld Nuclear Reactor Piping System Mock Up," Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 135(4), pp. 041205-041205. preprint (pdf).

Aydiner, C. C., and Prime, M. B., 2013, "Three-Dimensional Constraint Effects on the Slitting Method for Measuring Residual Stress," Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology, 135, pp. 031006-031001. DOI: 10.1115/1.4023849. preprint (pdf).

Brown DW, Holden TM, Clausen B, Prime MB, Sisneros TA, Swenson H, Vaja J, 2011, "Critical Comparison of Two Independent Measurements of Residual Stress in an Electron-Beam Welded Uranium Cylinder: Neutron Diffraction and the Contour Method," Acta Materialia 59 (3):864-873. preprint (pdf)

Pagliaro, P., Prime, M. B., Robinson, J. S., Clausen, B., Swenson, H., Steinzig, M., and Zuccarello, B., 2011, "Measuring Inaccessible Residual Stresses Using Multiple Methods and Superposition," Experimental Mechanics, 51 (7):1123-1134, doi:10.1007/s11340-010-9424-5.

Prime, M. B., “Plasticity Effects in Incremental Slitting Measurement of Residual Stresses,” Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 77(10), pp. 1552-1566, 2010. preprint (pdf)

Pagliaro, P., Prime, M. B., Swenson, H., and Zuccarello, B., "Measuring Multiple Residual-Stress Components Using the Contour Method and Multiple Cuts," Experimental Mechanics, 50(2), pp. 187-194, 2010. preprint (pdf)

Pagliaro, P., Prime, M. B., Clausen, B., Lovato, M. L., and Zuccarello, B., "Known Residual Stress Specimens Using Opposed Indentation," J. of Engineering Materials and Technology, 131, 031002, 2009. preprint (pdf)

R.S. Lillard, D.G. Kolman, M.A. Hill, M.B. Prime, D.K. Veirs, L.A. Worl, and P. Zapp, “Assessment of Corrosion-Based Failure in Stainless Steel Containers Used for the Long-Term Storage of Plutonium-Based Salts,” Corrosion 65(3), 175-186, 2009. preprint (pdf).

W. Woo, H. Choo, M. B. Prime, Z. Feng, and B. Clausen, “Microstructure, texture and residual stress in a friction-stir-processed AZ31B magnesium alloy,” Acta Materialia, 56(8), 1701-1711, 2008. preprint (pdf).

G. S. Schajer and M. B. Prime, “Residual Stress Solution Extrapolation for the Slitting Method using Equilibrium Constraints,” Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology, 129(2), 227-232, 2007. preprint (pdf)

Prime, M. B., Gnäupel-Herold, T., Baumann, J. A., Lederich, R. J., Bowden, D. M., Sebring, R.J., “Residual Stress Measurements in a Thick, Dissimilar Aluminum Alloy Friction Stir Weld,” Acta Materialia, 54(15), 4013-4021, 2006. preprint(pdf)

G. S. Schajer and M. B. Prime, "Use of Inverse Solutions for Residual Stress Measurements," Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology, 128(3), 375-382, 2006. preprint (pdf)

M. B. Prime and M. R. Hill, “Uncertainty, Model Error, and Order Selection for Series-Expanded, Residual-Stress Inverse Solutions,” J. Engineering Materials and Technology, 128(2), 175-185, 2006. preprint (pdf)

Rangaswamy, P., Griffith, M. L., Prime, M. B., Holden, T. M., Rogge, R. B., Edwards, J. M., and Sebring, R. J., "Residual Stresses in Lens (R) Components Using Neutron Diffraction and Contour Method," Materials Science and Engineering A, 399(1-2), pp. 72-83, 2005. preprint (pdf)

M. B. Prime and M. R. Hill, 2004, "Measurement of Fiber-scale Residual Stress Variation in a Metal-matrix Composite,” Journal of Composite Materials, 38(23), 2079-2096. preprint (pdf)

M. B. Prime, R. J. Sebring, J. M. Edwards, D. J. Hughes, P. J. Webster, “Laser Surface-Contouring and Spline Data-Smoothing for Residual Stress Measurement,” Experimental Mechanics, 44(2), 176-184, April 2004. preprint (pdf)

J. Kelleher, M. B. Prime, D. Buttle, P. M. Mummery, P. J. Webster, J. Shackleton, P. J. Withers, “The Measurement of Residual Stress in Railway Rails by Diffraction and Other Methods,” Journal of Neutron Research, 11(4), 187-193, 2003. preprint (pdf).

P. Rangaswamy, I. J. Beyerlein, M. A. M. Bourke, M. B. Prime, A. K. Saigal and T. O. Williams, “Residual stresses in continuous-tungsten-fibre-reinforced Kanthal-matrix composites,” Philosophical Magazine, 83(19), 2267-2292, 2003. preprint (pdf)

M. B. Prime, M. A. Newborn, J. A. Balog, “Quenching and Cold-Work Residual Stresses in Aluminum Hand Forgings: Contour Method Measurement and FEM Prediction,” Materials Science Forum, 426-432, 435-440, 2003. preprint (pdf)

C. C. Aydiner, E. Üstündag, M. B. Prime, and A. Peker, “Modeling and Measurement  of Residual Stresses in Bulk Metallic Glass Plate,Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 316, 82-95, 2003. preprint (pdf)

M. B. Prime and M. R. Hill, "Residual Stress, Stress Relief, and Inhomogeneity in Aluminum Plate," Scripta Materialia, 46, pp. 77-82, 2002. preprint (pdf)

M. B. Prime, "Cross-Sectional Mapping of Residual Stresses by Measuring the Surface Contour After a Cut," J. Engineering Materials and Technology, 123, 162-168, 2001. preprint (pdf)

M. B. Prime, V. C. Prantil, P. Rangaswamy and F. P. Garcia, "Residual Stress Measurement and Prediction in a Hardened Steel Ring," Materials Science Forum, 347-349, 223-228, 2000. preprint (pdf)

M. B. Prime, "Residual Stress Measurement by Successive Extension of a Slot: The Crack Compliance Method," Applied Mechanics Reviews, 52, pp. 75-96, 1999. preprint (pdf)

M. B. Prime, "Measuring Residual Stress and the Resulting Stress Intensity Factor in Compact Tension Specimens," Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials & Structures, 22, 195-204, 1999. preprint (pdf)

P. Rangaswamy, M. B. Prime, M. Daymond, M. A. M. Bourke, B. Clausen, H. Choo, N. Jayaraman, "Comparison of Residual Strains Measured by X-ray and Neutron Diffraction in a Titanium (Ti-6Al-4V) Matrix Composite," Materials Science & Engineering, A259, 209-219, 1999 preprint (pdf)

M. B. Prime and I. Finnie, "Surface Strains due to Face Loading of a Slot in a Layered Half-Space," Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology, 118, 410-418, 1996. preprint (pdf)

M. Gremaud, W. Cheng, I. Finnie, and M.B. Prime, "The Compliance Method for Measurement of Near Surface Residual Stresses - Analytical Background," J. Engineering Materials and Technology, 116, 550-555, 1994.

W. Cheng, I. Finnie, M. Gremaud, and M.B. Prime, "Measurement of Near Surface Residual Stresses Using Electrical Discharge Wire Machining," J. Engineering Materials and Technology, 116, 1-7, 1994.

Vibrations and Structural Health Monitoring

S. W. Doebling, C. R. Farrar, and M. B. Prime, "Summary Review of Vibration-Based Damage Identification Methods," The Shock and Vibration Digest, 30, 91-105, March 1998. preprint (pdf)

M.B. Prime and D.W. Shevitz, "Linear and Nonlinear methods for Detecting Cracks in Beams," Proc. of the 14th Int. Modal Analysis Conf., Dearborn, Michigan, February 1996, 1437-1443.  pdf file

Farrar, C.R., Cornwell, P.J., Doebling, S.W., Prime, M.B., et al., "Structural Health Monitoring Studies of the Alamosa Canyon and I-40 Bridges," Los Alamos National Laboratory Report LA-13635-MS, July 2000. pdf file

S.W. Doebling, C.R. Farrar, M.B. Prime, and D.W. Shevitz, "Damage Identification and Health Monitoring of Structural and Mechanical Systems from Changes in Their Vibration Characteristics: A Literature Review," Los Alamos National Laboratory Report LA-13070-MS, May 1996.