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Gilles Yves A. Bussod

Gilles Bussod

Phone (505) 606-2208


  • Chemical Science
  • Inorganic chemistry
  • Physical chemistry
  • Materials chemistry
  • Radionuclide transport
  • Computational Physics and Applied Mathematics
  • Subsurface flow simulation
  • Multiscale-multiphase-multicomponent subsurface reactive flows
  • Earth and Space Sciences
  • Geoscience
  • Geophysics
  • Subsurface flow and transport
  • Hydrology
  • Geology
  • Geochemistry
  • Volcanology
  • Planetary science
  • Remote sensing
  • Sensor technology
  • Field studies and process experiments
  • Oceanography
  • Earthquakes
  • Materials
  • Materials behavior in extreme environments,
  • Dynamic loading
  • High pressure
  • High temperature
  • Ceramics processing
  • Development of constitutive properties of structural materials
  • Electron microscopy
  • Scanned probe microscopies
  • Plasticity theory
  • Materials synthesis (single crystals)
  • Materials and process simulation
  • Superconductivity
  • High temperature superconductors
  • Thermodynamic
  • Transport characterization of materials,
  • Equation of state (EOS)
  • Microscopic, mesoscopic and continuum level mechanical behavior
  • Granular materials
  • Science of Signatures - Remote and Standoff Sensing
  • Acoustic sensing and sensors
  • Acoustic sensing
  • Earthquakes
  • Science of Signatures - In Situ Measurements
  • Electron microscopy
  • Scanned probe microscopies
  • CINT
  • Property Measurements
  • Materials
  • Materials Texture
  • In-situ Load-Stress/Strain neutron Characterization
  • In-situ Load-Stress/Strain X-ray Characterization
  • Earth and Space Sciences
  • Model calibration
  • Oil and gas reservoir simulations
  • CINT
  • Characterization


Technical. Experimental Rock Physics, High P-T Geophysics, Flow & Transport Phenomena, EOS/Constitutive Solid-State Deformation Laws, Integrated Laboratory and Field Test Design, Coupled Solid-Fluid Reactions at High P-T.

Leadership and Management. Technical Program Management, Project Leader, Line Management, Experimental Lab Facility Management, Principal Investigator.


1994:   Geophysics Doctorate,  Diplôme d’Habilitation à Diriger des Recherches, Université de Paris VII, Paris, France.

1990:   Ph.D. Geology, Earth and Space Sciences Dept., UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

1981:   MSci. Geology, Dept. of Geological Sciences, Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

1978:   BSci. Geology, Dept. of Geological Sciences, Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

1978:   BSci. Oceanography, Dept. of Oceanography, Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.


LANL Positions

  • Deputy Group Leader, Computational Earth Science Group, EES Division, LANL.
  • USDOE, LANL Project Leader, Site Characterization and Regulatory Investigations at Yucca Mountain.
  • LANL Laboratory Lead (Acting): USDOE Yucca Mountain Project, Las Vegas, NV.
  • USDOE, Principal Investigator, Unsaturated Zone Transport Test Busted Butte, NV.
  • USDOE, Principal Investigator, Field Testing for the Validation of Radionuclide Transport Laboratory Data, Yucca Mountain Project.
  • Staff Scientist, Geoanalysis Group, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM.
    • PI, Post Cerro Grande Fire Vadose Zone Monitoring Sites, LANL Environmental Restoration Project, Los Alamos, NM.
    • PI, Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, University of California. Modeling of Deformation, Stress, and Temperature in Subducting Slabs: Deep Earthquakes & Slab Penetration
    • Science and Engineering Leadership Team (SELT), ESS Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM.
    • USEPA Science Advisory Board, Radiation Advisory Committee, EPA, Wash. D.C.
    • Senior Scientist, Environmental Restoration Program, EM, LANL.
    • USDoS American Delegation Member to the US Secretary of State, Ms. Madeleine Albright, Mena-Doha Economic Summit Conference, Doha, Qatar.
    • USDOE National Laboratory Representative to Middle East Scientific Collaboration in Water Resources, Oman, Jordan, West Bank and Israel.
    • USDOE/YMP-PI Unsaturated Zone Transport Test Busted Butte, NV.
    • PI Flow and Transport Phenomena, Earth and Environmental Sciences Division, LANL.
    • US DOE/LANL Appointment: Project Leader for Site Characterization and Regulatory Investigations at Yucca Mountain.
    • PI High pressure, high temperature research in experimental rock physics; development of novel thermal drilling methods; rock-mass characterization and energy extraction techniques.
    • USDOE/LANL PI Field Testing for the Validation of Radionuclide Transport Laboratory Data.
  • Postdoctoral Research Fellow, EES, Geophysics Group.
  • Graduate and Undergraduate Research Associate

Professional Societies

American Geophysical Union

European Union of Geosciences

European Geophysical Society

American Ceramic Society

Geological Society of America

Sigma Xi



  • USEPA Science Advisory Board, Radiation Advisory Board, Wash. DC (1999-2007/2011-2013).
  • Adjunct Professor, Geological Sciences, University of Vermont, (2004-2006).
  • Science Fellow, Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium (2003).
  • LANL Science & Engineering Leadership Team (SELT), NM (2001-2002).
  • Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, University of California, CA (1997-2002).
  • Visiting Scientist, American Museum of Natural History, NY (2001).
  • Division Review Committee Award, LANL, NM (1999).
  • Yucca Mountain TAAP for Outstanding Performance in Busted Butte Testing Program, NV (1999).
  • LANL Outstanding Innovation Patent Award, Rock Melting Tool, NM (1999).
  • Letter of Commendation from Secretary of Energy, USDOE, Bill Richardson, Wash. DC (1999).
  • Letter of Appreciation from Presidential Science Advisor, Dr. Ernie Moniz, MIT, MA (1999).
  • Patent and Licensing Award: Rock-Melting Tool with Annealer Section, LANL, NM (1999).
  • Outreach Program Award, Yucca Mountain Project, YMSCO, NV (1998).
  • USDOS American Delegation, Mena-Doha Economic Summit Conference, Qatar (1998).
  • USDOE National Laboratory Representative, Jordan, West Bank and Israel (1998).
  • Los Alamos Achievement Award, LANL, NM (1998).
  • Los Alamos Achievement Award, LANL, NM (1997).
  • Los Alamos Achievement Award, LANL, NM (1996).
  • USDOE/LANL Project Leader for Site Characterization and Regulatory Investigations at Yucca Mountain, NV (1994-1999).
  • Professeur Titulaire, Universités de France, Paris, France (1994-2000).
  • Bayerisches Geoinstitut Research Fellow, Bayreuth, Germany (1990-1994).
  • European Science Foundation Organizing Committee Member Appointment, Strasbourg, France (1993).
  • Postdoctoral Fellow, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM (1987-1990).
  • UCLA Graduate Division Fellowship, Committee of the Graduate Council, CA (1981-1986).
  • USGS-GSA Grant, Penrose Conference on Processes and Products of Multistage Melting and Metasomatism in the Mantle, Gold Canyon Ranch, Apache Junction, AZ (1984).
  • NASA grant, Lunar and Planetary Institute, TX (1979-80).
  • Grant-in-aid, University of California Graduate School, Los Angeles, CA (1980).
  • NASA Grant, Second International Colloquium on Mars, Pasadena, CA (1979).
  • Director’s Research Fellowship (Dr. T. McGetchin), Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston, TX (1978).
  • Geological Society of America Research Grant. Field mapping in Newfoundland, WA (1978).
  • Undergraduate Intern Fellow, Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston, TX (1978).
  • Sigma Xi Research Award, Bay of Islands ophiolite, Newfoundland, Canada (1977).


  • Boitnott, GN, GY Bussod & J-C. McClure, Impulse Hammer Probe, U.S. Patent Office, 2013.
  • Bussod, G.Y., A.J. Dick & G.E. Cort, Rock-Melting Tool with Annealer Section, U.S. Patent Office, U.S. Patent No. 5,735,355, April 7, 1998.


1.     Brown, SR, GY Bussod, & PN Hagin, 2007. AVO Monitoring of CO2 Sequestration, The Leading Edge 26, 1576-1583.

2.     Brown, SR, PN Hagin, & GY Bussod, 2007. AVO Monitoring of CO2 Sequestration, 77th Annual Inter-national Meeting, SEG, Extended Abstracts, 224-228.

3.    Fabryka-Martin, J, A Flint, A Meijer & G Bussod, 2006. Water and Radionuclide Transport in the Unsaturated Zone. In: A. MacFarlane and R. Ewing (eds), Uncertainties Underground: Yucca Mountain and the Nation’s Hugh-Level Nuclear Waste. The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 179-197.

4.     Johnson, J.; L.R. Anspaugh, B.B. Boecker, G.Y. Bussod, T.F. Gesell, H.A. Grogan, R.W. Hornung, J.A. Lipoti, and G.S. Roessler, 2004. Multi-Agency Radiological Laboratory Analytical Protocols Manual (MARLAP): An SAB Advisory Review for the planning, implementation and assessment phases for projects involving radionuclide laboratory analysis, OAR-2004-0096; FRL-7851-8, Washington, DC, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Science Advisory Board.

5.    Tseng, P-H., WE Soll, CW Gable, Turin, HJ & GY Bussod, 2002. Modeling unsaturated flow and transport processes at the Busted Butte Field Test Site, Nevada, J. Cont. Hydrol. 1875, 1-16.

6.     Tseng, P-H and GY Bussod, 2001. Evaluation of the filter paper technique for in-situ sampling of solute transport in unsaturated soils and tuffs, Water Resources. Res., 37, 1913-1928.

7.   Robinson, BA & GY Bussod, 2000. Radionuclide Transport in the Unsaturated Zone at Yucca Mountain: Numerical Model and Preliminary Field Observations, Geophys. Monograph 122, In: Dynamics of Fluids in Fractured Rocks, Witherspoon Volume, B. Fabyshenko (ed.), 323-336.

8.    Eckhardt, RC, DL Bish, GY Bussod, JT Fabryka-Martin, SS Levy, PW Reimus, BA Robinson,WH Runde, I Triay & DT Vaniman, 2000. Yucca Mountain: Looking ten thousand years into the future, In: Challenges in Plutonium Science, Vol. II, LA Science 2000, Los Alamos National Laboratory, 464-488.

9.    Bussod, GY, HJ Turin & WE Lowry, 1999. Busted Butte Unsaturated Zone Transport Test, Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Program Deliverable SPU85M4. Los Alamos Technical Report LA- 13670-SR, LANL, Los Alamos, NM, pp.148.

10.   Buettner, M, W Daily, A Ramirez & G. Bussod, 1999. Electrical resistance tomography of unsaturated flow and transport in Yucca Mountain, In: Powers, M.H., Cramer, Lynn, & Bell, R.S., eds. Proceedings of the Symposium on the Application of Geophysics to Engineering and Environmental Problems, March 14-18, 1999: Wheat Ridge, CO, Environmental and Engineering Geophysical Society, p. 341-348.

11.   Bussod, GY, BA Robinson, AV Wolfsberg, CW Gable and HS Viswanatan, 1998. An integrated UZ flow and transport model for Yucca Mountain, Nevada, U.S.A., Modelling the effects of spatial variability on radionuclide migration, IAEA, Paris, 165-192.

12.  Bussod, GY, BA Robinson, and A Meijer, 1998. Hydrochemical constraints on flow and Transport models of Yucca Mountain, Nevada, Field Testing and Associated Modeling of Potential High-Level Nuclear Waste Geologic Disposal Sites, 35-37.

13.  Raterron, P, G Bussod, N Doukhan, & J-C Doukhan, 1997. Early partial melting in the upper mantle: an AEM study of a lherzolite experimentally annealed at hypersolidus conditions, Tectonophys. 279, 79-92.

14.  Robinson, BA, AV Wolfsberg, HS Viswanathan, GY Bussod, CW Gable, and A. Meijer, 1997. The site-scale unsaturated zone transport model of Yucca Mountain, DOE YMPCO Milestone SP25BM3, pp17.

15.   Schmeling, H & GY Bussod, 1996. Variable viscosity convection and partial melting in the continental asthenosphere. J. Geophys. Res. 101, 5411-5423.

16.  McPherson, E, MF Thirlwall, IJ Parkinson, MA Menzies, JL Bodinier, A Woodland, and GY Bussod, 1996. Geochemistry of metasomatism adjacent to amphibole-bearing veins in the Lherz peridotite massif, Chem. Geology 134, 135-157.

17.  Goff, SJ, GY Bussod, DS Dressen, EG Cort, JC Rowley, and KE Wohletz, 1995. Rock Melting: A Specialty Drilling System for Improved Hole Stability in Geothermal Wells. World Geothermal Congress, Internl. Geotherm. Assoc., 1-6.

18.   Bussod, GY & H Paulssen, 1994. The mantle transition zone: composition, discontinuities, dynamics, In: GY Bussod & H Paulssen (eds), The Mantle Transition Zone: Composition, Discontinuities and Dynamics, Phys. Earth and Planet. Interiors, 86, 1-3.

19.   Sharp, TG, GY Bussod & T Katsura, 1994. Deformation microstructures in experimentally deformed Mg1.8Fe0.2SiO4 β-phase. In: GY Bussod & H Paulssen (eds), The Mantle Transition Zone: Composition, Discontinuities and Dynamics, Phys. Earth and Planet. Interiors, 86, 69-83.

20.  Bussod, GY, T Katsura & DC Rubie, 1993. The large volume multianvil press as a high P-T deformation apparatus, In: R.C. Liebermann and C. Sondergeld (editors), Experimental Techniques in Mineral and Rock Physics. Pure and Appl. Geophys. 141, 579-599.

21.   Dingwell, DB, NSh Bagdassarov, GY Bussod & SL Webb, 1993. Magma Rheology, In: RW Luth (ed.), Experiments at High Pressure and Applications to the Earth’s Mantle, Mineral. Ass. Canada Short Course, 21, 131-196.

22.   Bussod, GY, T Katsura and DC Rubie, 1992. A new method to experimentally determine the rheologic properties of transition zone minerals at high P-T, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 73, 556.

23.  Bussod, GY & JM Christie, 1991. Textural development and melt topology in spinel lherzolite experimentally deformed at hypersolidus conditions, In: MA Menzies , C Dupuy & A Nicolas (eds), Orogenic lherzolites and mantle processes, J. Petrology, 32, 17-39.

24.  Bussod, GY & DR Williams, 1991. Thermal and kinematic model of the southern Rio Grande rift: inferences from crustal and mantle xenoliths from Kilbourne Hole, New Mexico, In: AF Gangi (ed), World Rift Systems, Tectonophysics, 197, 373-389.

25.   Bussod, GY, 1990. The experimental deformation of spinel lherzolite at subsolidus and hypersolidus conditions. University of California, Los Angeles, pp 306.

26.  Bussod, GY, A Pechenik, C-t Chu & B Dunn, 1989. Effects of temperature and strain rate on the plastic deformation of fully dense polycrystalline Y1Ba2Cu3O7-x superconductor, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 72, 137-139.

27.  Wenk, HR, J Pannetier, G Y Bussod & A Pechenik, 1989. Preferred orientation in experimentally deformed YBa2Cu3O6+x, J. Appl. Phys., 65, 4070-4073.

28.   Bussod, GY, 1983. Thermal and kinematic history of mantle xenoliths from Kilbourne Hole, New Mexico.  Los Alamos Publication LA-9616-T, Los Alamos, NM, pp 74.

29.   Bussod, GY, 1982. Nature of the continental upper-mantle/lower-crust transition beneath Kilbourne Hole, New Mexico. Terra Cognita 2, 266-268.

30.   Blacic, JD, P D'Onfro, GY Bussod & PM Halleck, 1981. Assessment of thermomechanical properties of caprock and reservoir for compressed air energy storage in porous media, Compressed Air Energy Storage Technology Prog., Battelle-Pacific Northwest Laboratory, USDOE Annual Report.

31.   Bussod, GY and AJ Irving, 1981. Thermal and rheologic history of the upper mantle beneath the Southern Rio Grande Rift: Evidence from Kilbourne Hole xenoliths, Processes of Planetary Rifting, 457, 145-147.

32.   Bussod, GY and TR McGetchin, 1979. Martian lavas – Reconnaissance experiments on a model ferro-picrite composition, Lunar and Planetary Science X, 172-174.