Los Alamos National Laboratory

Los Alamos National Laboratory

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Raman LIBS

Raman/LIBS is an instrument that provides complete characterization of samples including elemental compositions as well as organic vs non-organic carbon and the molecular structure of the material.

LAUR: 16-22648


  • Comprehensive Analyses- LIBS/Raman provides comprehensive elemental and molecular analyses. The technical applications are rapid, requiring only several laser pulses.
  • Non-destructive Analysis- The LIBS/Raman analysis is non-destructive and results in only nanograms of material being removed. The analyses can be configured to be done in situ or at a distance.
  • Field Portable- The instrument can be used anywhere in the solar system.

Wiens R.C., Sharma S.K., Thompson J., Misra A, and Lucey P.G. (2005) Joint analyses by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) and Raman spectroscopy at stand-off distances using a single laser and spectrograph. Spectrochim. Acta A 61, 2324-2334, LAUR 04-7725.

Sharma S.K., Misra A.K., Lucey P.G., Wiens R.C., and Clegg S.M. (2007) Combined Remote LIBS and Raman spectroscopy at 8.6 m of sulfur-containing minerals, and minerals coated with hematite and covered with basaltic dust. Spectrochim. Acta A 68, 1036-1045.

Sharma S.K., Misra A.K., Clegg S.M., Barefield J.E., Wiens R.C., and Acosta T. (2010) Time-resolved remote-Raman spectroscopic study of minerals at high temperatures and under supercritical CO2 relevant to Venus exploration. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. A 368, 3167-3191.

Sharma S.K., Misra A.K., Clegg S.M., Barefield J.E., Wiens R.C., Acosta T.E., and Bates D.E. (2011) Remote-Raman spectroscopy study of minerals under supercritical CO2 relevant to Venus exploration. Spectrochim. Acta. A 80, 75-81.

Clegg S.M., Wiens R.C., Misra A.K., Sharma S.K., Lambert J., Bender S., Newell R., Nowak-Lovato K., Smrekar S., Dyar M.D., and Maurice S. (2014) Planetary geochemical investigations by Raman-LIBS spectroscopy (RLS). Spectrochim. Acta 68, 925-936.

Wiens R.C., Cremers D.A., Ferris M., Nordholt J.E., Blacic J.D., Lucey P., and Sharma S.K. (2000) Development of a prototype laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) instrument with stand-off Raman capabilities as part of the Mars Instrument Development Program. Lunar Planet. Sci. XXXI, 1468-1469, The Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston.

Hubble H.W., Ghosh M., Sharma S.K., Horton K.A., Lucey P.G., Angel S.M., and Wiens R.C. (2002) A combined remote LIBS and Raman spectroscopic study of minerals. Lunar Planet. Sci. XXXIII, 1935-1936.

Wiens R.C., Sharma S.K., Cremers D.A., and Lucey P.G. (2004) Combined instrumentation for remote Raman spectroscopy and laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS). GeoRaman Conf. Honolulu, HI, June 7-11.

Thompson J., Wiens R., Sharma S., Lucey P., and Misra A. (2005) Combined remote LIBS and Raman spectroscopy measurements. Lunar Planet. Sci. XXXVI, 1517.

Development Stage

The SuperCam instrument for stand-off LIBS/Raman analyses on Mars is at TRL 6. The ChemCam stand-off LIBS experiment is at TRL 9, operating on Mars for 3 years.