Sky and Air

hot air ballons

Sky & Air

Sky & Air Topics

New Mexico’s Renewable Energy Profile

Introduction-to-cloud-watching

Guess the Galaxy Quiz

Solar Power in New Mexico

Downloads

Links

New fabrication method paves way to large-scale production of perovskite solar cells

Solar Energy Research Database

renewable energy concept

New Mexico’s Renewable Energy Profile

Excerpt from U.S. Energy Information Administration, Independent Statistics & Analysis, New Mexico State Profile webpage: https://www.eia.gov/state/analysis.php?sid=NM

New Mexico has substantial renewable resources, and they provided more than one-fourth of New Mexico's utility-scale in-state electricity net generation in 2020. There is significant wind energy potential on the high plains in the eastern half of the state. Wind energy contributed most of the state's renewable generation and one-fifth of New Mexico's in-state net generation from all fuels.89,90,91 The largest wind farm in the state, a 522-megawatt wind facility in eastern New Mexico, came online in December 2020, increasing the state's installed wind capacity to about 2,558 megawatts.92,93,94

New Mexico's climate is typified by abundant sunshine, and the state is one of the top three in the nation with the best solar energy potential.95,96 Utility-scale solar photovoltaic (PV) facilities provided 5% of New Mexico's in-state net generation in 2020, and small-scale (less than 1 megawatt), customer-sited solar PV installations supplied about 1%.97 New Mexico does not have any in-state solar thermal electricity net generation, but the Sandia National Laboratories, headquartered in Albuquerque, is the home of the National Solar Thermal Testing Facility, which provides data for the design, construction, and operation of components used in solar thermal power plants that concentrate the sun's rays to generate power.98

Biomass contributes minor amounts to New Mexico's electricity net generation, but 7% of New Mexico households heat with wood.99,100 The state has two wood pellet manufacturing plants that produce pellets used for heating and power generation. A third pellet plant is under construction. That plant will manufacture pellets from sawmill waste and other wood by-products.101,102

New Mexico has the nation's sixth-largest geothermal potential, most of which is in the southwestern and north-central parts of the state.103 Geothermal energy has many direct use applications. It is used to heat greenhouses in New Mexico, much of it to raise the state's famed green chilies, and for aquaculture. Geothermal energy also is used for space heating, district heating, and spas.104 In December 2013, the state's first and only utility-scale geothermal power plant came online in southwestern New Mexico. In 2018, the plant added a new generating unit that increased its nameplate capacity from 4 megawatts to about 19 megawatts.105

In 2019, New Mexico revised its 2004 renewable portfolio standard (RPS) and increased the state's required renewable energy targets. The 2019 law set new goals for investor-owned utilities of 50% of electricity retail sales from renewable resources by 2030, 80% by 2040, and 100% by 2045. Rural electric cooperatives have until 2050 to reach the 100% requirement.106 New Mexico also has regulatory and financial policies that favor renewable energy. They include net metering, solar easements, interconnection standards, and financial incentives.107

  • Endnotes
  • 89 New Mexico Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department, New Mexico Energy Policy and Implementation Plan - Energy Background, New Mexico's Energy, accessed February 19, 2021.
  • 90 U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, WINDExchange, Wind Energy in New Mexico, accessed February 19, 2021.
  • 91 U.S. EIA, Electricity Data Browser, Net generation for all sectors, New Mexico, All fuels, Conventional hydroelectric, Other renewables (total), Wind, Annual, 2020.
  • 92 "Xcel Energy starts work on Eastern New Mexico wind project," Lubbock Avalanche-Journal (December 16, 2019).
  • 93 Xcel Energy, "Xcel Energy brings Sagamore Wind Project online," Press Release (December 16, 2020).
  • 94 U.S. EIA, Electric Power Monthly (February 2021), Table 6.2.B.
  • 95 Western Regional Climate Center, Climate of New Mexico, Sunshine, accessed February 19, 2021.
  • 96 Nebraska Energy Office, Comparison of Solar Power Potential by State, accessed February 19, 2021.
  • 97 U.S. EIA, Electricity Data Browser, Net generation for all sectors, New Mexico, All Fuels, Utility-scale photovoltaic, Utility-scale thermal, Small-scale solar photovoltaics, Annual, 2020.
  • 98 Sandia National Laboratories, Energy, National Solar Thermal Test Facility, accessed February 19, 2021.
  • 99 U.S. EIA, Electricity Data Browser, Net generation for all sectors, New Mexico, All Fuels, Biomass, Annual, 2020.
  • 100 U.S. Census Bureau, New Mexico, Table B25040, Home Heating Fuel, 2019 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates.
  • 101 U.S. EIA, Monthly Densified Biomass Fuel Report, Table 1, Densified biomass fuel manufacturing facilities in the United States by state, region, and capacity, November 2020, West.
  • 102 Mt. Taylor Manufacturing LLC, Wood Pellets, accessed February 19, 2021.
  • 103 New Mexico Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department, New Mexico Energy Policy and Implementation Plan, Energy Background, New Mexico's Energy, accessed February 19, 2021.
  • 104 National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Geothermal Energy Heat from the Earth, New Mexico, DOE/GO-102002-1563 (April 2002).
  • 105 U.S. EIA, Electricity, Form EIA-860 detailed data with previous form data (EIA-860A/860B), 2019 Form EIA-860 Data, Schedule 3, 'Generator Data' (Operable Units Only).
  • 106 NC Clean Energy Technology Center, DSIRE, Renewable Portfolio Standard, New Mexico, updated March 12, 2020.
  • 107 NC Clean Energy Technology Center, DSIRE, Programs, New Mexico, accessed February 19, 2021.

BACK TO TOP

Introduction to Cloud Watching

BACK TO TOP

Guess The Galaxy Quiz

BACK TO TOP

CLOUD IN A JAR

BACK TO TOP

solar power

Solar Power in New Mexico: All You Need to Know!

Article from Solar-Nation.org

New Mexico is famous for its vast deserts, rugged mountain ranges, clear lakes, and forests. Along with ancient Pueblo and Aztec ruins, there’s a lot to love about New Mexico.

Preserving New Mexico is key to letting the Land of Enchantment be enjoyed by future generations.

Solar energy is key to not only preserving New Mexico but helping New Mexicans save money on their energy bills. With ample sunlight, it’s the perfect opportunity to call up a New Mexico solar installer to see how much you could gain from going solar.

Solar in New Mexico Makes Great Sense

New Mexico’s RPS

New Mexico has a fantastic RPS plan. As of right now, New Mexico’s RPS calls for about 30% of the state’s energy production to come from renewable energy production methods by 2020.

This is an incredible plan and as far as we know, one of the best RPS plans in the nation.

New Mexico is a leader when it comes to encouraging both utility companies and private citizens to consider solar energy.

Solar RPS Carve Outs in New Mexico

But New Mexico’s solar carve out is nothing to sneeze at either. New Mexico calls for 4% of New Mexico’s RPS to be met by solar panel installations.

And if that’s not enough, .6% of total energy must be produced from small-scale installations (for example, your home) as opposed to giant power plants or commercial installations.

Saving Money by Going Solar in New Mexico

You can save an incredible amount of money by relying on solar energy in New Mexico.

Energy, on average, costs New Mexicans $.13/kwh, which is right on point with the national average.

Add in hot summers and the fact that your energy is only cheap because of an over-dependence on fossil fuels (and may go up as resources dwindle).

New Mexico is uniquely primed for adopting solar energy.

New Mexico Solar Case Study

Let's take a look at a standard 5kW Solar Panels Installation in New Mexico:

A typical system will set you back about $25,000 dollars. Indeed, that's a very big number for most of us.

But here comes the fun part, in New Mexico, you get to enjoy several rebates, tax credits and incentives (see below), once we apply all of that, you are now looking at about $14,500!

This is quite amazing. And that does not include the first year savings.

Calculating all factors, your return on investment will be about 10 years , which is a great investment, regardless.

In addition to that, your home value will be much higher (up to $25,0000 dollars in some cases), and you are doing your little part in helping our earth and your immediate surroundings.

*The example above is just an estimate. Every home is unique, and so every home is going to do a little bit different.

In order for you ro receive an exact estimate of your savings and cost it will be wise to connect with local solar experts partners in your area. A friendly installer will talk to you and guide you through all of your options. And it is 100% free.

Here are more Case Studies of New Mexico Solar Panels:

Recently, a joint grid project (http://www.toshiba-smartcommunity.com/en/casestudy/newmexico) was conducted in cooperation with the New Mexican government, the United States Department of Energy, and many more partners. These so-called smart grids are capable of producing up to 75% of the system’s energy needs.

An article in the Santa Fe New Mexican (https://www.santafenewmexican.com/life/home/power-from-the-sun/article_cc82b91d-14cb-5b5d-8041-e8667ee1c1ac.html) found that solar panel systems installed in New Mexican have experienced an increase of over 2050% percent when it comes to the amount of power generated by the system.

Over 800 new PV systems were installed in Santa Fe Country alone since 2008.

Also citing a study from the US Department of Energy, the New Mexican found that a 4-kilowatt solar panel array can add up to $16,000 to the value of a home.

Don’t Wait to Purchase Your Solar System

Don’t wait to purchase your solar system. With ample sunlight and New Mexico’s wonderful array of incentives and tax breaks, there’s no better time than now to consider a solar panel system.

While the cost of your average solar power system can be up to $25,000, the system can pay for itself within about ten years and help generate a profit of about $28 thousand or more over the lifespan of the system depending on your unique situation.

New Mexico Homeowner Solar Incentives, Rebates and Tax Breaks

Lower Your Utility Costs

You can expect to save big on your utility bills thanks to the power of a solar panel system.

Electricity rates in New Mexican may be close to the national average but there’s still a lot of incentive, nonetheless, to figure out how you can save on your utilities.

New Mexicans are no strangers to the toll summer can take on utility bills. Between air conditioning, there’s a lot of incentive to figure out how to take advantage of the power of the sun.

On average, residents can save up to $655 per year on their utilities, although results may vary depending on your own unique situation.

Solar Rebates

Unfortunately, there are no solar rebates available in New Mexico.

However, New Mexicans can take advantage of a number of tax credits, exemptions and even net metering to help them save on installing a solar energy system.

Tax Credits

In New Mexico, you can benefit from a state tax credit which allows you to redeem up to 10% of your panel’s cost. Solar tax credits are, of course, capped at $9,000 but can be carried over a period of ten years or until it’s fully expended.

Up until the end of 2022, you’ll still be eligible to redeem the 30% Federal solar tax credit. This allows you to redeem 30% of the system’s value.

While this is only available to systems installed before or during 2022, it’s a great tax credit to take advantage of for as long as it’s around.

Property Tax Exemptions

New Mexico offers a 100% property tax exemption on solar panel systems, allowing you to benefit from the increased home value that property tax exemptions add onto your home without having to worry about paying additional taxes on the increased home value.

Tax Exemptions

New Mexico does offer 100% sales tax exemptions on solar panel systems. And you are not subject to alternative sales tax exemptions upon installation.

New Mexico Financing Options and Getting Solar for Zero Down

Need help affording a solar panel system in New Mexico? No worries.

There are plenty of financing options to help you afford a PV system and benefit immediately from the cut in utility costs.

Considering leasing, there are plenty of financing options when it comes to obtaining a solar power for zero money down.

Is It Worth Investing in Residential Solar Energy in New Mexico?

Investing in residential solar energy is a worthy thing to consider.

Whether you buy or lease a solar panels, you can expect to gain a lot from producing your own renewable energy.

Since there’s no need to put up cash upfront, leasing a system in New Mexico can be a fantastic way to benefit almost immediately from the power of the sun and reduce your energy bill.

Buying a system, however, allows you to also take advantage of tax exemptions, which you may not necessarily be able to benefit from by leasing a system.

Sure, the system can be a hefty upfront investment. But depending on your unique situation, your solar panel system may pay for itself within a relatively short timeframe and allow you to make a significant profit over the lifespan of the system.

How It Works

When you lease a system, you’ll be able to obtain it for zero money down. If you consider most typical leases, most solar panel leases last for about twenty years, with the option of later purchasing the system once your lease expires.

When you lease a system, you’ll be able to benefit almost immediately from savings due to your solar PV quotes.

You’ll only need to make payments on your lease and whatever electricity you do need to draw from utilities (although this can depend on your own unique situation).

Without having to make that initial twenty-five thousand dollar investment, this can be a great way to benefit almost immediately from potential energy savings.

But purchasing a system comes with its own gains as well. You’ll be able to benefit from tax exemptions, And because the system pays for itself within ten years, you’ll also directly benefit from any potential profits the system can produce.

Incentives

While New Mexico may not offer a specific solar rebate, there are plenty of other incentives to consider when purchasing a solar panel system in New Mexico.

Residents can consider the state and federal tax credit as well as property and sales tax exemptions to help them save money on installation.

Can I Lease The System in New Mexico? Should I Buy it Instead?

New Mexicans have the option of leasing a solar panel system, which can make it much more easy to obtain regardless of your own individual situation. Whether you lease or buy depends on you.

Leasing a system will allow you to obtain the system for zero money down. But one should keep in mind that you won’t personally be able to redeem tax credits or exemptions while under the terms of the lease.

Purchasing a system may require a hefty investment but this is offset by the existing tax credits and exemptions as well as any potential savings you can stand to gain from installing the system. What option you choose to go with depends on your own unique situation.

Another option you may want to consider is a solar loan. Many financial institutions in New Mexico, realizing the benefits of solar energy, are starting to offer loans to help people afford solar panels.

You will need to consider your financial situation and the terms of the loan. But this can be a great way to own the system without a hefty initial investment.

What About Net Metering in New Mexico?

New Mexicans can benefit from net metering and other programs to help save money on their utilities.

Net metering is a process that requires one to attach their panels to the general electric grid. The output of the system can then be monitored.

Any excess energy produced by the system can then be redeemed later on your utility bill as credits. In New Mexico, these credits can either roll over to the next month if they’re not used or your utility company will have to pay you for the output.

You can also benefit from solar power performance payments. These programs enable utility companies to pay for the energy produced by your system. In most applications, these payments fit into the net metering program.

In New Mexico, there are three programs that depend on where you live:

- The first is the El Paso Electric Company’s REC Purchase program, which will pay up to $0.02 per kilowatt-hour over the course of eight years.

- The second is the PNM’s Performance-Based Solar PV Program. Like the El Paso program, this allows you to sign up for an eight-year contract which offers about $0.035 per kilowatt-hour.

- The third is the Xcel Energy’s Solar Rewards Program which can pay up to $.08 per kilowatt-hour over a twelve-year contract.

One should keep in mind that these programs are tiered, meaning at as more people participate in these programs, the benefits may be lowered. So if you would like to benefit from this program, act quickly.

Conclusion

Solar power is a great investment in New Mexico. The Land of Enchantment is filled to the brim with historical and natural wonders.

Adopting solar energy can be a great way to do your part and help conserve this wonderful state. Along with net metering and potential tax credits and exemptions, you can expect to save big on your utilities.

You may even turn over a nice profit over the lifespan of the system.

But if you would like to benefit from the system without having to make a hefty investment, you can always consider a solar loan or a solar lease, allowing you to save big on your utility bills almost immediately without a huge investment.

Considering how much you likely spend on your utility bills already, wouldn’t you like a reprieve and the chance to become more independent from the energy grid?

Solar energy is a fantastic investment to consider in New Mexico. And with New Mexico’s aggressive RPS and solar carve-outs, New Mexico is a leader in encouraging residents to consider the benefits of solar energy.

BACK TO TOP

Downloads


BACK TO TOP