Los Alamos National Laboratory

Los Alamos National Laboratory

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In Memoriam Archive

Honoring Los Alamos National Laboratory Fellows and their contributions to the institution.

The Laboratory Fellows organization was established in 1981 and is made up of technical staff members who have been appointed by the Laboratory Director to the rank of Fellow in recognition of sustained outstanding contributions and exceptional promise for continued professional achievement.

In memoriam

George A. Baker
George Baker

George Allen Baker passed away at home on July 24, 2018.  He attended the California Institute of Technology where, as a Junior, he came in 4th place in the National Putnam Mathematical Competition.  He completed his PhD in Physics from UC Berkeley in 1956. George then completed a year of post-doctoral study at Columbus University in New York City, and in the summer of 1957 started working for the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory.  In the years following from 1962 -1975, George worked and took sabbaticals to San Diego Scripps Institute, Kings College in London, England, Brookhaven National Laboratory and Cornell University. 

After returning to Los Alamos in 1975, he visited and worked half time for the Center for Nuclear Studies outside of Paris, France, as well as half time for Princeton University.

His scientific expertise was in the area of Pade Approximates and their application to Ising Models, which are used to measure ferromagnetism in statistical mechanics.  Throughout his career, he published more than 100 technical papers and three books.  As a result of his distinguished national and international research, he was bestowed with the honor of Los Alamos National Laboratory Fellow in 1983.  George retired from LANL in 1995.

Besides his scientific research, George traveled extensively, visiting all continents except for   Antarctica. Music was also a great passion for George, playing the trombone and singing in the Church choir.

More information on George’s family and full obituary can be found at:

http://www.legacy.com/obituaries/lamonitor/obituary.aspx?n=george-allen-baker&pid=189840357

 

Robert Duane Cowan

Cowan

Robert Cowan, a Los Alamos National Laboratory Fellow since 1982, and a pioneer in the field of atomic spectra, died July 26, 2018.

He was born in Lincoln, Nebraska and received his Ph.D. degree in physics from Johns Hopkins University in 1946 and an honorary doctorate degree from Lund University, Sweden, in 1984.

After teaching for several years, Robert and his family moved to Los Alamos in 1951 and started his career with the Lab in 1951.  He spent his career working in the Theoretical Physics Division, primarily in the field of atomic structure and spectra. While working at the Lab, Bob developed computer programs that successfully calculated the quantities of atomic structure and their respective spectral measurements, widely used by researchers throughout the world.

He was one of the earliest users of automated computers at Los Alamos and his codes and algorithms are still used extensively at the Lab. His textbook, The Theory of Atomic Structure and Spectra” is still in print after 35 years in publication and is considered the bible of modern atomic physics. 

Even though Bob retired from Los Alamos National Laboratory in 1985, he continued to work for several years afterwards, not only for LANL and other various collaborators in the US, but also with researchers from England, the Netherlands and Sweden. 

In addition to being selected as a LANL Fellow, he received several scientific awards, including a Fellow of the American Physical Society and the Optical Society of America (OSA-William F. Meggars Medal recipient).  In 2008 he won the Los Alamos Medal and was recognized from an International standing as the “Father of Atomic Structure Calculations.”

Besides his outstanding scientific career, Bob was active in the Los Alamos Mountaineers. He succeeded in climbing over 100 of the highest peaks in Colorado, including all 54 of mountains that are over 14,000 ft. in elevation; as well as many of the high mountains in Northern New Mexico, the three highest peaks in Mexico, and a 17,600 foot peak in Nepal.  He was also active in Los Alamos youth organizations, serving as an umpire in the girls’ Lassie League softball games and as a leader of a Boy Scout Explorer Post. 

Terry Wallace wrote in a special message “From the Director’s Desk” that Bob was an extraordinary “amplifier” for all others who sought out his expertise.

D. Hywell White

Hywell White

Dr. Hywell White, a LANL researcher and Lab Fellow, who pioneered significant research in the area of sub-atomic research, passed away June 20th from a brief battle with lung cancer at the age of 87 in his Santa Fe home.

Hywell was born in Cardiff, Wales and graduated from Cardiff University and went on to receive his PhD in Physics from the University of Birmingham.  He came to the United States in 1959 and taught Physics at the University of Pennsylvania from 1961-1964 and Cornell University during the years of 1969-1978.

In 1978 he left Cornell to become a senior physicist and head of the experimental facilities division on the Isabelle Project at Brookhaven National Laboratory in Upton, Long Island, New York until 1982.

While at University of Pennsylvania and Cornell, he was awarded the National Science Foundation senior postdoctoral fellow in 1970 and the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science fellow in 1981.

Dr. White started working at Los Alamos in 1986 when he started the P-25 Neutrino group and served as its group leader.  He was an internationally recognized expert in the field of neutrino physics; especially in the field of low-energy neutrino interactions.   His experimental work using liquid scintillator neutron detectors in neutrino oscillation experiments is highly cited and noted potentially as one of the most important neutrino experiments of the modern age.

He was honored as a LANL Fellow in 1998. 

The full obituary can be found on the Rivera Funeral Home, Santa Fe, NM:

https://rivera.qeepr.com/momentos/HywelWhite/#46960

John “Jack” Gosling

Gosling

John “Jack” Gosling, a LANL physicist and Lab Fellow who pioneered the field of Heliophysics as well as worked on a number of NASA sponsored space missions, died on May 10th at the age of 79.

Jack grew up in Akron, Ohio, where he graduated magna cum laude from Ohio University in 1960 with a major in physics.  While there, he was selected for Phi Beta Kappa and won the A.A. Atkinson Award in physics his senior year.  He received his PhD from the University of California Berkeley in 1965 in Physics. His doctoral thesis was the result of high altitude balloon flights launched near Fairbanks, Alaska, carrying scientific packages.  These packages were designed and built by Jack to study energetic X-rays that were associated with particle precipitation from the Earth’s magnetosphere.

He worked at Los Alamos National Laboratory first as post doc from 1965 to 1967 and then came back for 30 years from 1975-2005, where he was honored as a Lab Fellow in 1992.   He later worked at the University of Colorado’s Laboratory for Space Physics in Boulder, Colorado from 2005-2018.   

During his career, he published more than 450 scientific papers in a field of science that has become to be known as Heliophysics.  His research emphasized the physics of the solar wind and its interaction with the Earth’s magnetosphere.  His research continues to be highly cited, including his least favorite paper “The Solar Flare Myth.”

He was in very high demand for reviewing professional papers for various scientific journals, being well known for “Gosling-izing” that provided such great detail, the reviews could often times be longer than the actual paper itself.

Jack was bestowed with many honors throughout his life along with his Fellow status at Los Alamos National Laboratory. He was also a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union and the American Association for the Advancement of Science.   In addition to serving two years as President of the Space Physics and Aeronomy section of the American Geophysical Union, he was a member of numerous National Science Foundation and NASA science panels. In addition, he was awarded the American Geophysical Union’s John Adam Fleming Medal and the National Academy of Sciences’ Arctowski Medal.

Friends describe Jack as being bright, interested and interesting, thoughtful, respectful, honest, patient, steady, kind, funny, with a memory like a steel trap. He will be missed by many. 

Full obituaries can be found in the Los Alamos Daily Post: 
https://www.ladailypost.com/content/obituary-john-%E2%80%98jack%E2%80%99-gosling-july-10-1938-%E2%80%93-may-10-2018

Los Alamos Monitor:http://www.legacy.com/obituaries/lamonitor/obituary.aspx?n=john-gosling-jack&pid=189037908&fhid=6730

Nerses “Krik” Krikorian
Nerses “Krik” Krikorian

A Laboratory Luminary: Nerses “Krik” Krikorian

Terry Wallace, Director of Los Alamos National Laboratory, writes “ Many of you knew and worked with Krik—he was a giant in the world of national security science and the Los Alamos community. He contributed enormously to the mission of the Laboratory, and I can say with confidence it’s a better place because of him. As we celebrate our 75 years as a Laboratory, few people have been more impactful on our history than Krik. He leaves an enduring legacy that will continue far into the future.”

Nerses (Krik) Krikorian was born in 1921 on a Turkish Roadside. Fleeing the Armenian genocide, he and his family moved to several countries for the next four years, finding refuge in Canada and eventually settling in Niagara Falls, New York. It was there that he graduated in 1943 with honors and a Bachelors of Science in Chemistry from Niagara University.

In 1943 -1946, Krik began his career as a uranium chemist working for the Manhattan Project at Union Carbide in New York from.   After World War II in 1946, he was asked to join the Manhattan Project at Los Alamos. He told the Los Alamos Monitor: “I went from working with kilograms of uranium at Union Carbide to micrograms of highly radioactive polonium.  I went from the sublime to the ridiculous.”   Los Alamos was also the place where he met his future wife, Katherine “Pat” Patterson, who was a member of the Women’s Army Corps (WACs) and worked as a secretary for the Manhattan Project.

In the mid-1950s, he began working on Project Rover, a joint effort between the Atomic Energy Commission and NASA. He succeeded in building a thermal nuclear rocket for space applications. He was responsible for ensuring that materials used in the rocket would support the rigorous demands of nuclear propulsion at high temperatures.  This was especially challenging since there was little research done in this field at the time. He continued to work on this project until it was canceled in 1972. It was at this time when Los Alamos National Laboratory Director Harold Agnew asked Krikorian to join a newly developed intelligence community.  He was one of six original staff members assigned to this unit and eventually became the group’s security officer. While serving in this position, he had the opportunity to meet with representatives of the Soviet Union’s nuclear research program.

Krik retired from Los Alamos National Laboratory in 1991, with many accolades bestowed to him.  He was named a LANL Fellow and received the Los Alamos Medal; the CIA’s Intelligence Community Medallion, and two honorary doctorates.  In September, 2009, Krikorian was named to Niagara Legacy’s Alumni of Distinction. Throughout his career, Krik had six patents and published numerous technical papers. The topics ranged from laser isotope separation and high-temperature reactor materials to directed-energy nuclear weapons.

Krik also had a great influence in the Los Alamos Community, working on the County Charter and a founding member of the J. Oppenheimer Memorial Committee.

Information obtained from: The Los Alamos Monitor and the Atomic Heritage Foundation:

Jimmie Dave Doll

EastBayRI.com · Friday, June 16, 2017

JimmieJimmie Dave Doll was born on Oct. 19, 1945 in San Diego, Calif. His father, Dave Dean Doll, was stationed there in the Navy. His mother was Margie Elizabeth (Carpenter) Doll.  The family moved to Carl Junction, Mo. when Dave’s stint in the service was completed. Jim’s mother was the first in her family to finish high school; Jim was the first in his family to go to college. Jim passed away on Sunday, June 11, 2017.

By the time that Professor Jimmie D. Doll, the Jesse H. and Louisa D. Sharpe Metcalf Professor of Chemistry was persuaded to join the Brown chemistry department in 1989, he was a figure nationally recognized for his fundamental contributions to computational physics and chemistry. His specialty, what he once called “randomly exact methods” in a paper with that title he wrote for Science in 1986, is the creative use of statistical and probability ideas to solve problems in chemical dynamics.

Jim Doll obtained a B. S. in chemistry from the University of Kansas in 1967 and a Ph.D. in physical chemistry from Harvard University in 1971. After a National Science Foundation postdoctoral fellowship at Berkeley, he joined the chemistry faculty at SUNY, Stony Brook in 1973, receiving tenure within two years. In 1977, Los Alamos National Laboratory recruited him to join its own strong contingent pursuing basic science. There Jim remained for 12 enormously productive years before coming to Brown, rising to the level of Laboratory Fellow, being awarded an Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Fellowship, and being named one of “America’s 100 Brightest Scientists under age 40” by Science Digest.

The research areas that Jim has made an impact on over the years span quite a range of fields, but among his most famous contributions are those dealing with how molecules move around on, and scatter off of, the surfaces of materials, and how countably small clusters of atoms behave similarly to (and differently from) the larger collections that chemists are more accustomed to. He has also been a pioneer in developing statistical (“Monte Carlo”) methods, many of them while at Brown, for thinking about specifically quantum mechanical aspects of molecular motion and for simulating hard-to-study rare events. Throughout each of these efforts Jim’s work has been distinguished by a level of whimsical creativity that is unmistakably his signature: He entitled one paper “A Time for Noise,” and wrote other papers in which he pointed out how playing with such normally sacrosanct concepts as the values of fundamental physical constants and whether our world is really three-dimensional, could yield practically useful devices for solving vexing computational problems.

In addition to his scientific research, Jim was an outstanding teacher and mentor, a great friend, and a devoted husband and father.

Jim’s survivors include his wife of almost 51 years, Margaret Ann (Schreiber) Doll; his son, John Michael Doll; his daughter-in-law, Lesley Dalrymple Doll; and his grandson, Ryan David Doll.

The scientific summary was provided by the Chemistry Department of Brown University.

Haskell Sheinberg

Haskel Sheinberg.Haskell Sheinberg, a resident of Santa Fe, died on May 31, 2017.  He was born in 1919 to Leona and Max Sheinberg in Houston, Texas.  Beatrice Freeman Sheinberg, his wife and life and love of 53 years, died in 2000.  He was also preceded in death by his older brother Morris, his sister Evelyn Finkelstein, and his dear friend Lillian Bristol.  He is survived by his deeply loved and admired sons Michael (wife Raya) and Art (wife Colleen), his brother Ed (wife Pauline), nine grandchildren and many great-grandchildren.  He is also survived by dear friends Harold and aj Melnick and Erika Sanders, all of whom he deeply loved.  Sue Ann Holmes and Lindy Mendonca, who were very loved family angels to Beatrice and Haskell for over twenty-five years, also survived them.

Haskell was the first in his family to attend and graduate college, earning a Bachelor of Science in Chemical Engineering from Rice University.  He was proud of his brief service in the Army, which after infantry posted him at Los Alamos, where his first assignment was in the plutonium group led by Art Wahl, co-discoverer of plutonium.  He subsequently worked in powder metallurgy and particulate materials, fields in which he became internationally known and respected.  He gave presentations in England, the U.S.S.R., Austria, Poland, Czechoslovakia and the U.S.

Haskell was a Fellow of Los Alamos Laboratory, a Fellow of the American Society for Materials, International, and a Fellow of the American Powder Metallurgy Institute, International.  The 2005 dedication of the Haskell Sheinberg Conference Room in a secure area at the Lab recognizes his contributions to many diversified programs.

View a video interview with Dr. Sheinberg for the Voices of the Manhattan Project.

Michael Nieto

nietoMichael Martin Nieto of Los Alamos, NM passed away on Saturday, June 8th. He was 73. Michael was born in Los Angeles, CA in 1940 and made the decision at age 10 to become a physicist. He graduated from Mt. Carmel High School in 1957, earned his Bachelor's Degree from the University of California - Riverside in 1961, and received his Ph.D. in Physics from Cornell University in 1966.

He began his employment with Los Alamos National Laboratory in 1972. During his career he received numerous accolades, including the Alexander von Humboldt Senior Research Award in 1994, a Distinguished Alumnus Award from UCR in 1999, and the Star of Carmel Award in 2010. He retired as a Fellow of LANL in April of 2011.

Michael was an avid soccer fan, having both played and refereed the sport in his younger years. His favorite MLS team was the Los Angeles Galaxy. He loved to travel the world, and among his favorite destinations were India, Australia, and South America. He always won at Trivial Pursuit, and of course to those who knew him best, he was never wrong.

Michael is preceded in death by his father, Jose Nieto; his mother, Delphine Nieto; his sister, Connie Nieto; his father-in-law, Viktor Henriksen; his mother-in-law, Gudrun Henriksen; his sister-in-law, Inge Henriksen; and his nephew, Lars Henriksen. He is survived by his wife of 40 years, Merete; his daughter and son-in-law, Katrina & Leon Trujillo of Albuquerque, NM; his son and daughter-in-law, Mikkel & Amy Nieto of Portland, OR; his three grandchildren, Ashley, Taylor, & Lucas; his sister, Dee Marie Nieto of Beverly Hills, CA; his brother-in-law, Paul Sandorff of Seal Beach, CA; his brother-in-law, Peter Henriksen of Nykøbing S., Denmark; his nephew Jesper Henriksen of Copenhagen, Denmark; his niece, Dorte Henriksen of Copenhagen, Denmark; his great-nephew, Alexander Henriksen of Copenhagen, Denmark; and numerous aunts, uncles, and cousins.

Richard A. "Dick" Keller

kellerRichard A. "Dick" Keller, a Fellow at Los Alamos National Laboratory, died on September 1, 2015, in Los Alamos, NM. He was 80 years old. His death was related to his long struggle with Parkinson's disease.

Born in Pittsburgh, PA, Dick lived with his family in Los Alamos since 1976 where he distinguished himself in the field of analytical chemistry, earning an international reputation. Among his contributions to science, the most notable was his pioneering of single molecule detection, a technique he and his collaborators applied to DNA sequencing as part of the Human Genome Project. In 2008, he was invited to speak at a Nobel Symposium on single molecule detection in Stockholm, Sweden. This technique continues to have applications in medical diagnostics and biology among other fields and has spurred further innovations.

Dick received the American Chemical Society Division of Analytical Chemistry Award for Spectrochemical Analysis in 1993, among other prestigious awards. Much of his important work was the result of interdisciplinary collaboration, at his initiative, between physical and biological scientists. While highly accomplished in his field, Dick had "a wonderful aversion to the pomp that often accompanies successful people," in the words of one close colleague.

Dick was a gifted mentor to post-doctoral ("post-doc") fellows, a key aspect of his scientific legacy. During his time at Los Alamos, Dick recruited, supervised, and guided dozens of post-docs who in turn have made significant contributions to diverse fields.

Dick was a dedicated husband and the father of three children. Known for his humor and unfailing optimism, his passions were family and science. His personal and professional integrity and his strong work ethic will continue to inspire family, colleagues, and friends. He enjoyed playing tennis, hiking and backpacking, and watching professional football and college basketball. One of his great pleasures was hosting an annual Super Bowl party for dozens of colleagues and friends.

He died peacefully in the presence of his loving wife of 59 years, Mary Keller. He is also survived by daughter, Natalie Keller of Boston, MA, son and daughter-in-law, Bruce and Tanny Keller of Santa Fe, son and daughter-in-law, Alan and Meg Keller of Arlington, VA, grandchildren, Katie, Shea, and Will, great-granddaughter, Shaylee, and brother, Gary Keller of Pittsburgh, PA.

Raymond N. Rogers

Raymond N. RogersRaymond N. Rogers, retired chemist who pioneered in the use of thermal analysis to characterize explosives, died on March 8, 2005 at the age of 77 after a long illness.

Rogers was born July 21, 1927, in Albuquerque, NM, but his family soon moved to California to find work. When his father died in an industrial accident on young Rogers' thirteenth birthday, he and his mother were left in Bakersfield with no means of support in the depression years. Rogers took on a number of odd jobs to bring in money: playing the horn in a dance band, ushering at the local theater, and working in a print shop.

In 1945 he enlisted in the U.S Navy and served as a radar technician during World War II. Thanks to the GI bill, Rogers was able to complete his education at the University of Arizona, majoring in chemistry. Upon graduation in 1948 his first job was with the Arizona Agricultural Experimental Station. There he built a thermal analysis instrument to study soils, and this experience brought him to Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) in late 1951.

At LANL Rogers became a group leader of an explosives research-and-development group and was elected Laboratory Fellow in 1981. He later worked for the International Technology division, retiring in 1988. He served on the Department of the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board from 1987 until 1992 with the equivalent rank of Lt. General, receiving their Distinguished Service Award. He received other awards and recognitions from LANL and professional organizations.

Although much of Rogers' research at LANL had military applications including the characterization of exotic explosives for munitions, he was always concerned with explosives safety and chemical hazards. One of his published research results has been incorporated into a standard method for the screening of reactive materials (ASTM method E698). Today this method is used worldwide to obtain reaction rate constants for energetic materials, a necessary first step in avoiding thermal explosions.

Until he retired Rogers was an editor for the two scientific journals, Thermochimica Acta and the Journal of Energetic Materials, and throughout his career he participated in conferences and symposia related to his chosen field. His ground-breaking work in thermal analysis—particularly differential scanning calorimetry—demonstrated the effectiveness of these techniques for characterizing energetic materials with only a few milligrams of sample.

Rogers was also an accomplished amateur archaeologist who did research on the chemistry of deposits and artifacts of interest in archaeology and geochronology. In 1978 he was invited to become Director of Chemical Research for the Shroud of Turin Research Project (STURP), whose primary goal was to determine the scientific properties of the image on the Shroud of Turin, and what might have caused it. The shroud was a linen fabric purported to be the burial cloth of Jesus of Nazareth.

For many people the shroud study proved disappointing when the initial carbon dating results placed the production of the fabric at between 1260 and 1390 AD, indicating that the shroud was a fake. However, about a year before his death Rogers found evidence that challenged the carbon-14 dating results. Although weakened by illness, he performed forensic work (Thermochimica Acta 425 (2005), 189-194) revealing that the material used in the carbon dating was not sampled from the original fabric, but from a part of the shroud that had been rewoven in medieval times. Rogers' work also indicated that the original shroud was much older than the age determined through carbon-14 analysis; but the question remains open as to whether it was in fact the burial cloth of the historic Jesus.

After retiring from LANL Rogers continued to work on the Shroud project, and with his wife Joan he also found time to enjoy hiking in the great outdoors as well as to train dogs for search and rescue operations. He is survived by his wife Joan; daughter Amy Canzona and her husband Tony; step-daughters Dawn and Lauren, many grandchildren and his and coonhound Clancy.

A classic Ray Rogers essay on "the Classical Scientific Method Does not Mean Atheism," from 1997:

Classic Scientific Method does not Mean Atheism Ray Rogers 17jan1997.pdf

Lawrence Ray Gurley

Lawrence GurleyRay Gurley, age 82, died at home April 19, 2017 in Sarasota, Florida. The family moved to Los Alamos in the 1960s when Lawrence joined H-Division as a Scientific Staff Member.

Lawrence enjoyed a distinguished, fulfilling career collaborating with numerous colleagues and mentoring high school, undergraduate, graduate and postdoctoral students. Lawrence was selected as a Los Alamos National Laboratory Fellow in recognition of his pioneering discoveries pertaining to histone phosphorylation during the growth cycle. Subsequently, he also served as Acting Division Leader of the Life Sciences Division for several months during a change of division leadership.

Lawrence was a graduate of North Carolina State University where he earned two degrees in Chemical Engineering; later he attended the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, earning a Ph.D. in Biochemistry. Following his career at Los Alamos he was active in mission work helping to build a school in Kenya, teaching in Haiti and facilitating water projects in Kenya and Haiti.

Lawrence enjoyed many hobbies and continued to research areas of interest in science and psychology. He loved his family, friends, nature and the church and was an a backyard birdwatcher.

William Davis

William DavisWilliam Davis, Los Alamos Guest Scientist, LANL Fellow and former Laboratory staff member, 91, of Los Alamos died April 5, 2017. Bill was born in Manchester, New Hampshire on December 22, 1925, to Chester T.C. Davis and Eleanor Scamman Davis. He attended the public schools, and enlisted in the wartime United States Navy the week he graduated from high school in 1943. His service took him to the rank of RT1c, and the Asiatic Pacific ribbon with 2 stars and the Philippine Liberation ribbon with one star. After the war he attended Tufts College and received the degree Bachelor of Science in Engineering summa cum laude. He then went to Johns Hopkins University and received the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in 1954. Bill was employed by the Los Alamos National Laboratory full time from 1954 to 1987, and then part time until the present. His assignment was to study the details of the processes in high explosives.

It’s been rumored that when asked why he came to the Laboratory, Davis said, “because I didn’t have to wear a suit!” Davis was a giant in the field of high-explosive research, who was never satisfied until every last detail of any of his experimental records was fully understood. Early in his career, his work led to a substantial improvement in resolution from rotating mirror smear cameras, in its day, the high-resolution optical diagnostic used to study detonation. Working together with “Bud” Winslow, Davis developed the first, high-speed, electro-optical framing camera. When the Los Alamos high-energy x-ray facility, PHERMEX, first came online, working with Doug Venable, Davis found ways to use PHERMEX to reveal the physics of explosive pre-shock (the desensitization of plastic-bonded explosives by weak shocks), the equation of state of explosive products and reaction-zone effects in a striking way.

Davis’ curiosity led him to ask probing questions concerning the detonation community’s established views of explosives. “Failure of the CJ Theory for Liquid and Solid Explosives,” published in 1965, demonstrated that CJ theory did not provide an adequate description of detonation. As a founder of the Los Alamos, “Fundamental Research in Explosives Program,” Davis knew that more than empirical knowledge was needed to truly understand high explosives. That program led to our improved understanding of the high-pressure equations of state and detonation propagation in liquid nitric oxide explosive, which brought with it a new understanding of high-explosive detonation. That work led to his developing the WSD equation of state for explosives, published in 1985 and 2005. Davis' book, Detonation, published in 1979 and coauthored with Wildon Fickett, remains the go-to source for explosive detonation theory and experiment. His work on explosives was as much an avocation as a vocation.

He also wrote two chapters of the book Explosive Effects and Applications edited by J. A. Zukas and W. P. Walters. He wrote many papers and reports, and found his work enjoyable and rewarding. He never felt that he had to work, just entertain himself by finding how things operate. Both experiment and theory were part of his effort. Director Donald Kerr appointed him a Laboratory Fellow in 1982.

Bill made the most of the outdoor activities. He skied in winter, both downhill and cross country. He was on the ski patrol for a dozen years, and on winter search and rescue teams. In summer there was backpacking with children from three years old to ones much older, in Bandelier backcountry, Pecos wilderness, San Pedro Parks wild area, Peralta Canyon, and canoe trips to Shoshone Lake in Yellowstone National Park.

He is survived by his children Jim Davis (Nancy Morgan), Jack Davis (Cathy), Bob Davis (Clarity Kjis), Anne Davis (Patrick "Red" Howard), and his stepchildren Shelly Cross (Troy Matevia), Katy Cross, and Doug Cross, as well as 6 grandchildren and 6 great grandchildren, and his beloved sister Marjorie D. Lane. He was revered and loved by his family, his many friends and colleagues. His kindness, wit, and great generosity will be deeply missed.

Phil Young

Phil YoungIt is with great sadness that we bring you the news that Phil Young passed away this morning in Chicago. Phil was the leader of the applied nuclear physics group, T-2, and a Los Alamos National Laboratory Fellow. He was greatly instrumental in introducing model-based nuclear data evaluation methods into the group (and in the ND community at large), and was a generous mentor to several present and former members of the group. He continued to contribute to the field long after his retirement, and has his name associated with a significant fraction of the nuclear data in the Evaluated Nuclear Data File (ENDF) that is used in applications world-wide.

Phil set the highest standards for technical rigor and hard work, while also exhibiting a passion for nuclear reaction physics and data. He had a special combination of depth in experimental work, reaction modeling, and statistical analyses, and possessed an uncanny intuitive ability to know which measurements, and theory, to trust, when making evaluation decisions. Los Alamos National Laboratory’s capabilities in nuclear simulation have benefited greatly from his contributions.

Phil also recognized the importance of international collaborations for advancing applied nuclear physics, and served on numerous IAEA, and NEA, international steering committees that led successful collaborative efforts relevant to nuclear energy. Many of us saw him as a great ambassador for the US (and Texas!) as it engaged with international partners. Phil often reflected on the enjoyable times he spent with his family on long-term exchanges with colleagues and friends at the CEA.

Above all else, Phil was a true gentleman, a valued friend and colleague, whom those of us fortunate enough to have known him will miss greatly. We reflect with happiness on how his life touched, and impacted, us.

Phil was born on July 21, 1937, in Beeville, Texas, to Phillip (Sr.) and Allie B. Young. He was raised in Refugio, Texas with his brothers and sisters, Allie, John, Martha “Moye” and Michael Young.

Phil and Kay moved to Chicago in 2014 to pursue his cancer treatment at Loyola University Medical Center and to enjoy the amenities of city life. Phil fought a long battle with cancer with courage and grace. He will be remembered for his kind heart, generosity, and the big smiles he had for everyone.

Phil is survived by his wife Kay, his son Michael and wife Diane; daughter, Katie and her husband C.J. Pierce; daughter, Patty and her husband Bill Blake.

Frank Harlow

Frank HarlowKnown by some as 'father of computational fluid dynamics, retired Laboratory Fellow and physicist Frank Harlow died July 1, 2016, in Los Alamos at age 88.

In a 50-year career at Los Alamos that began Sept. 1, 1953, as a staff member in the Theoretical Division, until his retirement on Sept. 4, 2003, as a Senior Fellow, Harlow was the inventor of numerous fluid dynamics techniques and came to be known to many associates as the "father of computational fluid dynamics." Harlow, in 1959, became group leader of the then Fluid Dynamics Group; the group was renamed Fluid Dynamics and Solid Mechanics in 2006. He was named a Laboratory Fellow in 1981.

"He was much more than a Lab scientist," said Mark Schraad of the Weapons Physics Group, noting that he first met Harlow during an interview for a postdoctoral position with the Theoretical Division. "I had the fortune to work with him on several technical topics over the course of my post doc and staff member tenures . . . Many have credited Frank with establishing computational fluid dynamics as it's own field of endeavor, and certainly Frank's 'technical fingerprints' can be found today in [computational fluid dynamics] codes all over the world."

Matthew Maltrud of the Theoretical Division said Harlow was his mentor when Maltrud came to Los Alamos in the early 1980s. "He set the course for my professional career because of his mentorship in fluid dynamics," said Maltrud. "He was so engaged in the world, and with students and he was so supportive and easy to work with."

Physicist Len Margolin of Methods and Algorithms Group said Harlow was the first person he met when he came to Los Alamos in 1969. Margolin was watching the Apollo moon landing at his 11th Street apartment. The Harlows lived nearby. "Frank was walking his dog and he stopped by and said 'do you mind if I listen? I don't think I'll make it home in time to watch,' " Margolin recalled. "That was the beginning of my relationship with one of the most creative persons I've ever met."

Harlow also became a leading authority on Pueblo Indian pottery. Harlow signed copies of a new book he co-authored, "Adventures in Physics and Pueblo Pottery: Memoirs of a Los Alamos Scientist" published by the Museum of New Mexico Press. In the memoir, Harlow describes his life growing up in Washington state, serving in the U.S. Army during World War II, his college years and his career as a physicist at Los Alamos. It was during his relocation to New Mexico that Harlow began studying pueblo pottery. Over the years, Harlow met and interacted with many living pueblo artists, including the famous San Ildefonso Pueblo potter Maria Martinez. Harlow amassed a remarkable collection of Pueblo Indian pottery, which is now in the permanent collection at the Museum of Indian Arts and Culture in Santa Fe.

A U.S. Army veteran, Harlow earned bachelor's and doctoral degrees in physics (minor in mathematics) from the University of Washington.

Harlow is survived by his wife Patricia; daughters, Catherine and Celia; a son Keith; and several grandchildren and great-grandchildren. He was preceded in death by a daughter, Carol.

Llewellyn (Lew) Jones

Llewellyn (Lew) Jones, pioneer in the Vibrational Spectroscopy Field, died June 7, 2014, at his home in Albuquerque. He was 94.

A Laboratory Fellow and U.S. Army veteran, Jones was a postdoc at the University of Rochester before joining the Laboratory in 1951 in the former Chemistry-Metallurgy Fowler Division. He retired in 1986 from the former Isotope and Nuclear Chemistry Division. He returned to the Lab as an associate, working in various organizations through 2000.

Jones was named a Laboratory Fellow in 1983. He was a renowned expert in molecular vibrational spectroscopy and the study of vibrational dynamics and bonding in inorganic molecules. Using the molecules vibrational frequencies and their isotopic shifts, Jones was able to determine general force fields that provided the most complete description of the bonding forces in many important inorganic molecules. Jones' early work on actinide metal complexes and later on transition metal complexes was instrumental in determination of their structures and intra-molecular forces.

Jones published more than 170 manuscripts and articles in peer-reviewed journals and also wrote a book, "Inorganic Vibrational Spectroscopy." Jones earned his bachelor's degree in chemical engineering from the University of Michigan and master's and doctoral degrees in physical chemistry from the University of Buffalo and the California Institute of Technology, respectively.

Arthur Nelson Cox

Arthur Nelson Cox (October 12, 1927-March 12, 2013)

Arthur Nelson Cox, noted astrophysicist, author and editor, beloved husband, father, grandfather and great-grandfather, died peacefully in his sleep on March 12, 2013 at St. Vincent's Hospital in Santa Fe. He was 85.

Arthur was born on Oct. 12, 1927 in Van Nuys, Calif. to Arthur H. Cox and Sarah Nelson Cox, he was the third of their four children. He was preceded in death by his younger brother Donald, his older sisters Marjorie-Jane and Priscilla, Joan Cox, his wife of 32 years, and Joan's son Bryan Johnson.

Arthur is survived by Charles Arthur Cox and Edward Jonathan Cox, two sons from his first marriage to Clarice W. Cox; and by Charles' wife Anna Ratner and their children Bryan and Maya; Edward's fiance Phillis Tyler; their children, spouses, grand and great- grandchildren from his second marriage to Joan Cox; Kay and Brian Newnam, their son Michael and his wife Catherine; Sally and Jeff Bustamante and their children Chris Hills and his wife Mar; Benjamin Hills and his daughter Audrianna and fiance Carla Fuenzalida; Amy Hills, Jeffrey Bustamante and his wife Katrina and young son Bryan; his wife for the last two years Margaret Jaramillo Cox and her son Anselmo Jaramillo.

After growing up during the depression era in Van Nuys, Arthur took an interest in Astronomy and Astrophysics, obtaining degrees from California Institute of Technology at Pomona and at Indiana University. Following a student internship starting in the late 1940's, he began a long career with the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory in 1955. Eventually he became a group leader for the Laboratory's nuclear weapons testing efforts. In later years Arthur researched at the Laboratory in more theoretical astrophysics where he prepared numerous technical research papers regarding stellar pulsations and related subjects. Among his many accomplishments, he became a Fellow of the Laboratory and continued to be involved with these activities even in his last days.

Arthur will be remembered for many things: his contributions to science, his endless desire for adventure, his sense of humor, and his appreciation of music and the arts. His steadfast work ethic produced many years of quality research that advanced the field of astrophysics. With enthusiasm and leadership, he mentored and inspired many young up-and-coming scientists and made significant contributions in the field of stellar pulsations. His kind and gregarious nature brought smiles to everyone's faces.

Arthur Nelson Cox will be missed; there will be a special place for him among the stars above as he departs this earth and leaves us with many fond memories.

Biography

Art (Arthur Nelson) Cox was born in Van Nuys, California in 1927 where he also received his early schooling. He attended the California Institute of Technology, receiving a B.S. degree in 1948. Art had his first association with the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory (now the Los Alamos National Laboratory) in his junior year when he took a job helping to assemble model 100 amplifiers with the (then) amazing rise time of 0.7 microsecond. He returned the summer after graduation to assist in the cyclotron group with measurement of thermonuclear reaction rates. These early connections with the lab continued through the remainder of his career.

Art went to Indiana University in 1949 to pursue an education in astronomy. In those days the Astronomy Department consisted of four faculty members and about six to eight graduate students. Art was the first to pursue and receive a Ph.D. in astronomy from the department in “modern times.” In this role, Art really served as the model for his fellow students. He was the archetypical hard working graduate student. Art served as research assistant to the late Professor John Irwin. Art went to the Cape Observatory with John for a number of months to make photometric observations of star clusters and variable stars. These observations served as the material for his doctoral thesis, A Study of the Galactic Cluster NGC 2287, and the photometry of variable stars set a precedent for his continuing interest in variable stars throughout his career.

After receiving his doctorate in 1953, Art went directly to the Lab where he joined the J Division. J Division was the organization charged with conducting the field tests of atomic weapons as well as many aspects of the preparations and analysis of such work. Among Art’s early assignments was to assist in the design of the experiment that would test some of the first thermonuclear devices in the Marshall Islands. He subsequently became the leader of group J-15 and continued in that position for almost 18 years. Originally, J-15 consisted of about four staff members and four technicians. With Art’s astronomical background, he recruited several fellow astronomers over the years for the staff jobs. These included Robert Brownlee, Thomas Swihart, Paul Mutschlecner, and Charles Keller, all coincidentally with astronomy PhDs from Indiana University! This astronomy connection actually made a lot of sense, for much of the training in astronomy was appropriate to the needs of J-15. Art presided over an incredible diversity of research in the group. The work included, in addition to the test work, modeling of fireball effects, observation and modeling of underground nuclear tests, design and use of equation of state and opacity codes, and a program in the observation of oceanic tsunamis.

Along the way Art managed skillfully to include his interests in astrophysics. Art organized airborne solar eclipse expeditions to Samoa in 1965, Argentina in 1966, Mexico in 1970, Canada in 1972, Africa in 1973, and Montana in 1979. The marvelous approach to this work was that he was able to draw upon the theoretical and experimental expertise of a variety of scientists at the Lab and elsewhere, and to utilize the facilities of the U.S. Air Force, which was charged with support for readiness in any future nuclear tests. The eclipse campaigns helped them to maintain their readiness! Art also began his lifelong work on the modeling of various types of variable star models and of solar models. Here Art was able to exploit the ever-increasing computing resources of the Lab.

In 1975 Art joined T Division, the theoretical organization of the Lab, where he remained [until retirement and continued as an affiliate until his death in 2013]. In this new position Art was able to concentrate nearly exclusively on astrophysical problems. His interests that he pursued with a number of colleagues, both at the Lab and in the international community, have included stellar pulsation theory, stellar and solar seismology, astrophysical opacities and variable stars in general. Art has written and co-authored papers on all classes of variable stars. In recognition of his work Art served as the President of International Astronomical Union Commission 35 (Stellar Constitution) from 1982 to 1985. Art was recognized for his many contributions to science and to the Lab by being selected as a Laboratory Fellow in 1983, and he also served as coordinator of the Laboratory Fellows in 1986-1988.

Although Art retired from the Lab in the mid 1990s, he remained fully active in astrophysics. Recent activities have included the editing of the book The Solar Interior and Atmosphere, and editing a new, and badly needed, revision of Astrophysical Quantities.

Art has received many honors in recognition of his work. He served on numerous national and international committees and panels on astronomy. In 1968 he was a Senior NATO Fellow at Liege, Belgium and was a Fullbright Research Scholar from 1968 to 1969. He was awarded an honorary D.Sc. from Indiana University in 1973. He also served as NSF Astronomy Program Director from 1973 to 1974.

Written by J. Paul Mutschlecner and David S. King in 1997 for the conference, A Half Century of Stellar Pulsation Interpretations: A Tribute to Arthur N. Cox, eds. P.A. Bradley and J.A. Guzik. At the time, Paul Mutschlecner and David King had been friends and colleagues of Art Cox for a cumulative total of over 80 years.

Vita

Vita from 1997(pdf)

Dimitri Mihalas

Dimitri Mihalas (March 20, 1939 - November 21, 2013)

World-renowned astrophysicist Dimitri Mihalas passed away in his sleep at his home on November 21, 2013 in Santa Fe, New Mexico. Dr. Mihalas retired from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1999 and from the Los Alamos National Laboratory in 2011. Dimitri, to his friends and family, has donated his body to the University of New Mexico Medical School and his library to New Mexico Tech.

Dimitri was born on March 20, 1939 in Los Angeles, California where he grew up. He received his B. A., with Highest Honors, in three majors: Physics, Mathematics, and Astronomy from the University of California at Los Angeles at age 20. Four years later he received his Ph.D. in Astronomy and Physics from the California Institute of Technology. He then joined the faculty of the Department of Astrophysical Sciences at Princeton University. In the following three decades, he was a professor in the Department of Astronomy at the University of Chicago, the University of Colorado at Boulder, and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He was also a pioneer in astrophysics and computational physics and remained a world leader in the fields of radiation transport, radiation hydrodynamics, and astrophysical quantitative spectroscopy for most of his career. His broad knowledge and immense contributions earned him election to the U.S. National Academy of Sciences in 1981 (at age 42, fifteen years earlier than the usual age of entry) and many other distinguished awards. He was a Laboratory Fellow at the Los Alamos National Laboratory.

Dimitri had an exceptional record of both quantity and quality of work, and developed new and far-reaching methodologies yielding results of great importance. He made outstanding contributions to the field of Astronomy and Astrophysics. Besides many high-quality papers, he authored or co-authored seven books and co-edited three others. Among them, three of his books have been used as textbooks for both undergraduate and graduate students worldwide and translated into other languages such as Russian and Chinese. His book Foundations of Radiation Hydrodynamics has become the “bible” of the radiation hydrodynamics community, especially at Los Alamos and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories and the Naval Research Laboratory.

Dimitri’s colleagues and graduate students held him in high appreciation and expressed their admiration for him at the International Conference in Honor of Dimitri Mihalas for his Lifetime Scientific Contributions on the Occasion of his 70th Birthday held at Boulder in late March 2009. A symposium was published following the conference.

Throughout his long career, Dimitri gave generously of himself to all with whom he interacted. As an advisor, role model, confidant, and friend, he saw each person as an individual, acknowledging strengths, helping overcome weaknesses, giving encouragement, and enthusiastically praising their success. He touched the lives and careers of many students and colleagues and has left a lasting legacy to be cherished by those who knew him.

Bibliography

Dimitri Mihalas Bibliography (pdf)

Vita

Dimitri Mihalas Vita (pdf)

Stirling Colgate

Stirling Colgate (November 14, 1925 - December 1, 2013)

Laboratory Senior Fellow and longtime Laboratory scientist Stirling Colgate of Nuclear and Particle Physics, Astrophysics and Cosmology (T-2) died Sunday (Dec. 1) at his home in White Rock. A co-founder of the Santa Fe Institute, Colgate, 88, also was president of the New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology in Socorro from 1965 to 1974 and a professor emeritus of physics at the school.

A gathering, "Remembering Stirling," open to colleagues and friends is scheduled for 5:45 p.m., Sunday, Dec. 15, at Fuller Lodge.

"Los Alamos has lost a tremendous scientist, colleague, mentor and friend," said Director Charlie McMillan. "His contributions to physics and national security science, including some very recent work, are broad, deep and exceptionally creative. On behalf of the Lab, I offer our deepest condolences to Stirling's family."

"He was an incredibly nice guy. It was a quality most people didn't see in him," noted Laboratory Fellow James L. Smith of Materials Technology/Metallurgy (MST-6). "[Stirling] really loved having young people around who wanted to talk to him. He really cared about helping young people."

"I think Stirling was a fantastic mentor to students and postdocs," said Theoretical (T) Division Leader Tony Redondo. "His office was always full of young people who were very excited to have discussions with him. Stirling always had very interesting ideas."

Colgate was born Nov. 14, 1925 in New York City. He attended the Los Alamos Ranch School until 1942 when the school closed in the run-up to the Manhattan Project. Colgate served two years in the Merchant Marines before attending Cornell where he earned bachelor's (1948) and doctoral degrees in physics (1951). He worked at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory from 1952 to 1965; his career at both LANL and LLNL totaled 50 years.

Colgate came to then Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory in September 1976 where he worked in various groups in Theoretical (T) Division. He was named a Senior Laboratory Fellow in 1987. From late 2008 to the present, Colgate was a Lab associate Fellow in T-2. Colgate was a member of the National Academy of Sciences. More recently, Colgate and Hui Li, of T-2, were co-principal investigators of a LDRD project that involved experimental work at New Mexico Tech involving astrophysical phenomena and turbulence.

Colgate is survived by his wife Rosie; a son and a daughter; four granddaughters; a great-grandson; and sister Anne Sutton of Honolulu.

Vita

Stirling Colgate Vita (pdf)