Dr. Caporuscio has 25 years of experience in high-level and transuranic (TRU) radioactive waste disposal, with primary responsibilities in the characterization of ash flow tuffs, their alternative productions, and the technical analysis of bedded salt deposits.
His research specialty is in the crystal chemistry of dense silicates and oxides. To perform that research, he has operated a multitude of analytical facilities, including microbeam analyses (electron, ion, proton), XRF, XRD (power, single XL four sphere).
Dr. Caporuscio has experience in all the various aspects of the nuclear fuel cycle. While at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) in the 1980’s, he was instrumental in further characterizing the mineralogy and stratigraphy of Yucca Mountain. His post-doctoral work at the University of Pavia centered on crystallographic controls of trace element (including radionuclide) distributions in minerals. In the early 1990s, while with the Radiation Branch of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region II Office, he worked as the staff geologist, with involvement in characterization and remediation of Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) and Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) sites.
As acting section chief (US EPA) for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) Test and Retrieval Plan, he supervised a technical staff of 10 scientists and personally reviewed the source term and gas generation models. From 1993 to 1999, Dr. Caporuscio has been involved in LANL environmental restoration (ER) activities investigating properties of the Bandelier Tuff, where he had investigated a leaking reactor and various radioactive waste disposal sites. He presently works as a geochemist on the Yucca Mountain Project dealing with fate and transport issues of source terms, and criticality evaluations in the host rock. Recently he has been involved in examining potential waste forms for the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP).
Dr. Caporuscio served as a member on the WIPP Conceptual Models Peer Review (1996-1997, 2002-2003), an independent panel commissioned by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to comply with EPA’s 40 CFR 194. In April 1996, Dr. Caporuscio was appointed to the U.S. Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board which independently reviews the Yucca Mountain Project.
Eclogite Research Papers
McCormick, T. C., J. R. Smyth, and F. A. Caporuscio. 1993. "Chemical Systematics of Secondary Phases in Mantle Eclogites" Fourth International Kimberlite Conference Proceedings.
Oberti, R. and F. A. Caporuscio. 1991. "Crystal-Chemistry of Clinopyroxenes from Mantle Eclogites: A Study of the Key Role of the M2 Site Population by Means of Crystal Structure Refinement." American Mineralogist, 76, 1141-1152.
Caporuscio, F. A. 1990. "Oxygen Isotope Fractionation between Mantle Eclogite Mineral Phases from South Africa." Lithos, 25, 230-210.
Caporuscio, F. A., and J. R. Smyth. 1990. "Trace Element Crystal Chemistry of Mantle Eclogites." Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 105, 550-561.
Smyth, J. R., T. C. McCormick, and F. A. Caporuscio. 1989. "Mantle Eclogites: Evidence of Igneous Fractionation in the Mantle." Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 93.