The Dynamic Radiation Environment Assimilation Model (DREAM) was developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory to understand and to predict hazards from the natural space environment and artificial radiation belts produced by high altitude nuclear explosions. DREAM was initially developed as a basic research activity to understand and predict the dynamics of the Earth's radiation belts. It uses Kalman filter mathematical techniques to assimilate data from space environment instruments with a physics-based model of the radiation belts.
DREAM can assimilate data from a variety of types of instruments and data with various levels of resolution and fidelity by assigning appropriate uncertainties to the observations. Data from any spacecraft orbit can be assimilated but DREAM was originally designed to work with input from the LANL space environment instruments on geosynchronous and GPS platforms. With those inputs, DREAM can be used to specify the energetic electron environment at any satellite in the outer electron belt whether space environment data are available in those orbits or not. Even with very limited data input and relatively simple physics models, DREAM specifies the space environment in the radiation belts to a high level of accuracy. DREAM is currently being tested and evaluated as we transition from research to operations.
Los Alamos National Laboratory scientist Geoffrey Reeves leads the DREAM project.