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Fuel Cells publications

Research into alternative forms of energy, especially energy security, is one of the major national security imperatives of this century.

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  • Fernando Garzon
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  • Piotr Zelenay
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  • Rod Borup
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  • Karen E. Kippen
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Like a battery, a fuel cell consists of two electrodes separated by an electrolyte—in polymer electrolyte fuel cells, the separator is made of a thin polymeric membrane. Unlike a battery, a fuel cell does not need recharging—it continues to produce electricity as long as fuel flows through it.
Magali Ferrandon, A. Jeremy Kropf, Deborah J. Myers, Kateryna Artyushkova, Ulrike Kramm, Peter Bogdanoff, Gang Wu, Christina M. Johnston, and Piotr Zelenay, “Multitechnique characterization of polyaniline-iron-carbon oxygen reduction catalyst,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C 116(30), 16001–16013 (2012).
Thiago Lopes, Dae Sik Kim, Yu Seung Kim, and Fernando Henry Garzon, “Ionic transport and water vapor uptake of ammonium exchanged perfluorosulfonic acid membranes,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society 159(3), B265–B269 (2012).
Jeffrey Mishler, Yun Wang, Rangachary Mukundan, Jacob Spendelow, Daniel S. Hussey, David L. Jacobson, and Rodney L. Borup, “Probing the water content in polymer electrolyte fuel cells using neutron radiography,” Electrochimica Acta 75, 1–10 (2012).
Jeffrey Mishler, Yun Wang, Partha P. Mukherjee, Rangachary Mukundan, and Rodney L. Borup, “Subfreezing operation of polymer electrolyte fuel cells: Ice formation and cell performance loss,” Electrochimica Acta 65, 127–133 (2012).
Praveen K. Sekhar, Eric. L. Brosha, Rangachary Mukundan, Hanna Mekonen, Boris Farber, Cortney Kreller, and Fernando H. Garzon, “Packaging and testing of a hydrogen safety sensor prototype,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 37(19), 14707–14713 (2012).
Karen J. Armstrong, Lior Elbaz, Eve Bauer, Anthony K. Burrell, Thomas M. McCleskey, and Eric L. Brosha, “Nanoscale titania ceramic composite supports for PEM fuel cells,” Journal of Materials Research 27(15), 2046–2054 (2012).
Praveen K. Sekhar, Eric. L. Brosha, Rangachary Mukundan, Kevin L. Linker, Charles Brusseau, and Fernando H. Garzon, “Trace detection and discrimination of explosives using electrochemical potentiometric gas sensors,” Journal of Hazardous Materials 190(1–3), 125–132 (2011).
K.J. Blackmore, E. Bauer, L. Elbaz, E.L. Brosha, T.M. McCleskey, and A.K. Burrell, “Engineered nano-scale ceramic supports for PEM fuel cells,” ECS Transactions 30(1), 83–90 (2011).
K.J. Blackmore, L. Elbaz, E. Bauer, E.L. Brosha, K. More, T.M. McCleskey, and A.K. Burrell, “High surface area molybdenum nitride support for fuel cell electrodes,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society 158(10), B1255–B1259 (2011).
Gang Wu, Christina M. Johnston, Nathan H. Mack, Kateryna Artyushkova, Magali Ferrandon, Mark Nelson, Juan S. Lezama-Pacheco, Steven D. Conradson, Karren L. More, Deborah J. Myers, and Piotr Zelenay, “Synthesis-structure-performance correlation for polyaniline-Me-C non-precious-metal cathode catalysts for oxygen reduction in fuel cells,” Journal of Materials Chemistry 21(30), 11392–11405 (2011).
Guofeng Cui, Pei Kang Shen, Hui Meng, Jie Zhao, and Gang Wu, “Tungsten carbide as supports for Pt electrocatalysts with improved CO tolerance in methanol oxidation,” Journal of Power Sources 196(15), 6125–6130 (2011).
Gang Wu, Karren L. More, Christina M. Johnston, and Piotr Zelenay, “High-performance electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction derived from polyaniline, iron, and cobalt,” Science 332(6028), 443–447 (2011).
Hui Meng, Chengxin Wang, Pei Kang Shen, and Gang Wu, “Palladium thorn clusters as catalysts for electrooxidation of formic acid,” Energy and Environmental Science 4(4), 1522–1526 (2011).
Frédéric Jaouen, Eric Proietti, Michel Lefèvre, Régis Chenitz, Jean-Pol Dodelet, Gang Wu, Hoon Taek Chung, Christina Marie Johnston, and Piotr Zelenay, “Recent advances in non-previous metal catalysts for oxygen-reduction reaction in polymer electrolyte fuel cells,” Energy and Environmental Science 4(1), 114–130 (2011).
Gang Wu, Hoon T. Chung, Mark Nelson, Kateryna Artyushkova, Karen L. More, Christina M. Johnston, and Piotr Zelenay, “Graphene-enriched CO9S8-N-C non-previous metal catalyst for oxygen reduction in alkaline media,” ECS Transactions 41(1), 1709–1717 (2011).
Qing Li, Gang Wu, Christina M. Johnston, and Piotr Zelenay, “Anode catalysts for the direct dimethyl ether fuel cell,” ECS Transactions 41(1), 1969–1977 (2011).
Zheng Shi, Hansan Liu, Kunchan Lee, Eben Dy, Jerzy Chlistunoff, Michael Blair, Piotr Zelenay, Jiujun Zhang, and Zhong-Sheng Liu, “Theoretical study of possible active site structures in cobalt-polypyrrole catalysts for oxygen reduction reaction,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C 115(33), 16672–16680 (2011).
Ying Chang, Giuseppe F. Brunello, Jeffrey Fuller, Marilyn Hawley, Yu Seung Kim, Melanie Disabb-Miller, Michael A. Hickner, Seung Soon Jang, and Chulsung Bae,” Aromatic isomers with highly acidic sulfonate groups: Acidity, hydration, and proton conductivity,” Macromolecules 44(21), 8458–8469 (2011).
Takahiro Ohkubo, Yasuhiko Iwadate, Yu Seung Kim, Neil Henson, and Yoong-Kee Choe, “Understanding properties of copoly(arylene ether nitrile)s high-performance polymer electrolyte membranes for fuel cells from molecular dynamics simulations,” Theoretical Chemistry Accounts 130(2–3), 555–561 (2011).
Dae Sik Kim, Andrea Labouriau, Michael D. Guiver, and Yu Seung Kim, “Guanidinium-functionalized anion exchange polymer electrolytes via activated fluorophenyl-amine reaction,” Chemistry of Materials 23(17), 3795–3797 (2011).
Yu Seung Kim, Dae Sik Kim, Michael D. Guiver, and Bryan S. Pivovar, “Interpretation of direct methanol fuel cell electrolyte properties using non-traditional length-scale parameters,” Journal of Membrane Science 374(1-2), 49–58 (2011).
Michael R. Hibbs, Cy H. Fujimoto, Timothy N. Lambert, Dae Sik Kim, and Yu Seung Kim, “Poly(phenylene)-based anion exchange membranes and ionomers for alkaline fuel cells,” ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts (2011).
Donghun Kim, George L. Athens, Yu Seung Kim, and Bradley F. Chmelka, “Molecular optimization of multiply-functionalized mesoporous films with ion conduction properties,” 2011 AIChE Annual Meeting, Conference Proceedings (2011).
Rangachary Mukundan, Greg James, John Davey, David Langlois, Dennis Torraco, Wonseok Yoon, Adam Z Weber, and Rodney L. Borup, “Accelerated testing validation,” ECS Transactions 41(1), 613–619 (2011).
Peter O. Olapade, Jeremy P. Meyers, Rangachary Mukundan, John R. Davey, and Rodney L. Borup, “Modeling the dynamic behavior of proton-exchange membrane fuel cells,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society 158(5), B536–B549 (2011).
Peter O. Olapade, Jeremy P. Meyers, Rodney L. Borup, and Rangachary Mukundan, “Parametric study of the morphological properties of HT-PEMFC components for effective membrane hydration,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society 158(6), B639–B649 (2011).
Joseph Fairweather, Dusan Spernjak, Rangachary Mukundan, Jacob Spendelow, Kateryna Artyushkova, Plamen Atanassov, Daniel Hussey, David Jacobson, and Rodney L. Borup, “Interaction of heat generation, MPL, and water retention in corroded PEMFCs,” ECS Transactions 41(1), 337–348 (2011).
Dusan Spernjak, Joseph Fairweather, Tommy Rockward, Rangachary Mukundan, and Rodney L. Borup, “Characterization of carbon corrosion in a segmented PEM fuel cell,” ECS Transactions 41(1), 741–750 (2011).
S. Arisetty, X. Wang, R.K. Ahluwalia, R. Mukundan, R. Borup, J. Davey, D. Langlois, F. Gambini, O. Polevaya, and S. Blanchet, “Effect of platinum loading on catalyst stability under cyclic potentials,” ECS Transactions 41(1), 797–809 (2011).
Guofeng Cui, Jie Zhao, Shaofang Liu, and Gang Wu, “Structural and corrosion properties of NiPx metallic glasses: Insights from EIS and DFT,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C 115(43), 21169–21176 (2011).
Gang Wu, Mark Nelson, Shuguo Ma, Hui Meng, Guofeng Cui, and Pei Kang Shen, “Synthesis of nitrogen-doped onion-like carbon and its use in carbon-based CoFe binary non-precious-metal catalysts for oxygen-reduction,” Carbon 49(12), 3972–3982 (2011).
Jong-Ho Choi, Christina M. Johnston, Dianxue Cao, Panakkattu K. Babu, and Piotr Zelenay, “Se-modified Ru nanoparticles as ORR catalysts: Part 2: Evaluation for use as DMFC cathodes,” Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry 662(1), 267–273 (2011).
Christina M. Johnston, Dianxue Cao, Jong-Ho Choi, Panakkattu K. Babu, Fernando Garzon, and Piotr Zelenay,” “Se-modified Ru nanoparticles as ORR catalysts: Part 1: Synthesis and analysis by RRDE and in PECFs,” Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry 662(1), 257–266 (2011).
Hoon T. Chung, Christina M. Johnston, Kateryna Artyushkova, Magali Ferrandon, Deborah J. Myers, and Piotr Zelenay, “Cyanamide-derived non-precious metal catalyst for oxygen reduction,” Electrochemistry Communications 12(12), 1792–1795 (2011).
C. M. Johnston, D. Cao, J.-H. Choi, P. Babu, F. Garzon, and P. Zelenay, “Se-modified Ru nanoparticles as ORR catalysts. Part 1: synthesis and analysis by RRDE and in PEFCs,” J. Electroanal. Chem. 662, 257–266 (2011).
Z. Shi, H. Liu, K. Lee, E. Dy, J. Chlistunoff, M. Blair, P. Zelenay, J. Zhang, Z-S. Liu, “A Theoretical Study of Possible Active Site Structures in Cobalt-Polypyrrole Catalysts for Oxygen Reduction Reaction,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 16672-80 (2011).
B. Piela, T. S. Olson, P. Atanassov, and P. Zelenay, “Highly Methanol-Tolerant Non-Precious Metal Cathode Catalysts for Direct Methanol Fuel Cell,” Electrochim. Acta 55 (26), 7615 7621 (2010).
Zhongfen Ding, Christina M. Johnston, and Piotr Zelenay, “A simple synthesis method for sulfur-free N-Fe-C catalyst with high ORR activity,” ECS Transactions 33(1 PART 1), 565–577 (2010).
Cyril Delacôte, Adam Lewera, Marcin Pisarek, Pawel J. Kulesza, Piotr Zelenay, and Nicolas Alonso-Vante, “The effect of diluting ruthenium by iron in RuxSey catalyst for oxygen reduction,” Electrochimica Acta 55(26), 7575–7580 (2010).
Barbara Piela, Tim S. Olson, Plamen Atanassov, and Piotr Zelenay, “Highly methanol-tolerant non-precious metal cathode catalysts for direct methanol fuel cell,” Electrochimica Acta 55(26), 7615–7621 (2010).
Yun Wang, Partha P. Mukherjee, Jeff Mishler, Rangachary Mukundan, and Rodney L. Borup, “Cold start of polymer electrolyte fuel cells: Three-stage startup characterization,” Electrochimica Acta 55(8), 2636–2644 (2010).
David L. Wood III and Rodney L. Borup, “Estimation of mass-transport overpotentials during long-term PEMFC operation,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society 157(8), B1251–B1262 (2010).
P.P. Mukherjee, Q. Kang, R. Mukundan, and R.L. Borup, “Numerical modeling of two-phase behavior in the PEFC gas diffusion layer,” ECS Transactions 26(1), 97–106 (2010).
Partha P. Mukherjee, Eunkyoung Shim, Rangachary Mukundan, and Rodney L. Borup, “Digital volume imaging of the PEFC gas diffusion layer,” ECS Transactions 33(1 PART 2), 1483–1491 (2010).
Jeffrey Mishler, Yun Wang, Rangachary Mukundan, Rodney Borup, Daniel S. Hussey, and David L. Jacobson, “In-situ investigation of water distribution in polymer electrolyte fuel cell using neutron radiography,” ECS Transactions 33(1 PART 2), 1443–1450 (2010).
Rangachary Mukundan, John R. Davey, Joseph D. Fairweather, Dusan Spernjak, Jacob Spendelow, Daniel S. Hussey, David L. Jacobson, Peter Wilde, Ruediger Schweiss, and Rod L. Borup, “Effect of hydrophilic treatment of microporous layer on fuel cell performance,” ECS Transactions 33(1 PART 2), 1109–1114 (2010).
Joseph Fairweather, Bo Li, Rangachary Mukundan, James Fenton, and Rodney Borup, “In situ and ex situ characterization of carbon corrosion in PEMFC,” ECS Transactions 33(1 PART 1), 433–446 (2010).
Bo Li, Yu Seung Kim, Rangachary Mukundan, Mahlon S. Wilson, Cynthia Welch, James Fenton, and Rodney L. Borup, “Mixed hydrocarbon/fluoropolymer membrane/ionomer MEAs for durability studies,” ECS Transactions 33(1 PART 1), 913–924 (2010).
Peter O. Olapade, Rangachary Mukundan, John R. Davey, Rodney L. Borup, and Jeremy P. Meyers, “Modeling the dynamic behavior of proton-exchange membrane fuel cells,” ECS Transactions 33(1 PART 2), 1561–1581 (2010).
Rodney L. Borup and Rangachary Mukundan, “PEM fuel cell degradation,” ECS Transactions 33(1 PART 1), 17–26 (2010).
Dusan Spernjak, Partha P. Mukherjee, Rangachary Mukundan, John Davey, Daniel S. Hussey, David L. Jacobson, and Rodney L. Borup, “Measurement of water content in polymer electrolyte membranes using high resolution neutron imaging,” ECS Transactions 33(1 PART 2), 1451–1456 (2010).
David L. Wood, Christopher Rulison, and Rodney L. Borup, “Surface properties of PEMFC gas diffusion layers,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society 157(2), B195–B206 (2010).
Partha P. Mukherjee, Rangachary Mukundan, and Rodney L. Borup, “Modeling of durability effect on the flooding behavior in the PEFC gas diffusion layer,” ASME 2010 8th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, FUELCELL 2010 1, 683–688 (2010).
Jeff Mishler, Yun Wang, Partha P. Mukherjee, Rangachary Mukundan, and Rodney L. Borup, “Experimental and numerical analysis of subfreezing operation in PEM fuel cells,” ASME 2010 8th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology, FUELCELL 2010 1, 549–554 (2010).
Partha P. Mukherjee, Devesh Ranjan, Rangachary Mukundan, and Rodney L. Borup, “Heat and water transport in a polymer electrolyte fuel cell electrode,” 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, 53–59 (2010).
Yun Wang, Jeff Mishler, Partha P. Mukherjee, Rangachary Mukundan, and Rodney L. Borup, “Cold-start characteristics of polymer electrolyte fuel cells: A simplified analysis,” 14th International Heat Transfer Conference, 97–102 (2010).
Zhenyu Chen, Changsong Dai, Gang Wu, Mark Nelson, Xinguo Hu, Ruoxin Zhang, Jiansheng Liu, and Jicai Xia, “High-performance Li3V2(PO4)3/C Composite cathode material for lithium ion batteries studies in pilot scale test,” Electrochimica Acta 55(28), 8595–8599 (2010).
Gang Wu, Mark A. Nelson, Nathan H. Mack, Shuguo Ma, Praveen Sekhar, Fernando H. Garzon, and Piotr Zelenay, “Titanium dioxide-supported non-precious metal oxygen reduction electrocatalyst,” Chemical Communications 46(40), 7489–7491 (2010).
Gang Wu, Changsong Dai, Dianlong Wang, Deyu Li, and Ning Li, “Nitrogen-doped magnetic onion-like carbon as support for Pt particles in a hybrid cathode catalyst for fuel cells,” Journal of Materials Chemistry 20(15), 3059–3068 (2010).
Praveen K. Sekhar, Eric L. Brosha, Rangachary Mukundan, and Fernando H. Garzon, “Chemical sensors for environmental monitoring and homeland security,” Electrochemical Society Interface 19(4), 35–40 (2010).
Praveen K. Sekhar, Eric L. Brosha, Rangachary Mukundan, Mark A. Nelson, Dennis Toracco, and Fernando H. Garzon, “Effect of yttria-stabilized zirconia sintering temperature on mixed potential sensor performance,” Solid State Ionics 181(19–20), 947–953 (2010).
Praveen K. Sekhar, Eric. L. Brosha, Rangachary Mukundan, Mark A. Nelson, Todd L. Williamson, and Fernando H. Garzon, “Development and testing of a miniaturized hydrogen safety sensor prototype,” Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical 148(2), 469–477 (2010).
Praveen K. Sekhar, Eric. L. Brosha, Rangachary Mukundan, Wenxia Li, Mark A. Nelson, Ponnusamy Palanisamy, and Fernando H. Garzon, “Application of commercial automotive sensor manufacturing methods for NOx/NH3 mixed potential sensors for on-board emission controls,” Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical 144(1), 112–119 (2010).
Eric L. Brosha, Praveen K. Sekhar, Rangachary Mukundan, Todd Williamson, Fernando H. Garzon, Leta Y. Woo, and Robert S. Glass, “Development of sensors and sensing technology for hydrogen fuel cell vehicle applications,” ECS Transactions 26(1), 475–483 (2010).
P.K. Sekhar, E.L. Brosha, R. Mukundan, B. Farber, and F.H. Garzon, “Statistical investigation of a novel conditioning method for reliable detection of exhaust gas components,” ECS Transactions 33(8), 101–110 (2010).
P.K. Sekhar, E.L. Brosha, R. Mukundan, M.A. Nelson, D. Toracco, and F.H. Garzon, “Effect of electrolyte sintering temperature on mixed potential sensor performance,” ECS Transactions 25(31), 19–27 (2010).
Eric L. Brosha, Tommy Rockward, Francisco A. Uribe, and Fernando H. Garzon, “Measurement of H2S crossover rates in polymer fuel cell membranes using an ion-probe technique,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society 157(1), B180–B186 (2010).
P.K. Sekhar, E.L. Brosha, R. Mukundan, B. Farber, P. Shuk, and F.H. Garzon, “Investigation of a new conditioning method for improved performance of non-nernstian sensors,” ECS Transactions 28(20), 1–8 (2010).
R. Mukundan, G. Hunter, and Z. Aguilar, “ECS Transactions: Preface,” ECS Transactions 25(31), iii (2010).
Yu Seung Kim and Bryan S. Pivovar, “Moving beyond mass-based parameters for conductivity analysis of sulfonated polymers,” Annual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering 1, 123–148 (2010).
Kwan-Soo Lee, Myung-Hwan Jeong, Jae-Suk Lee, Bryan S. Pivovar, and Yu Seung Kim, “Optimizing end-group cross-linkable polymer electrolytes for fuel cell applications,” Journal of Membrane Science 352(1–2), 180–188 (2010).
Baijun Liu, Wei Hu, Yu Seung Kim, Haifeng Zou, Gilles P. Robertson, Zhenhua Jiang, and Michael D. Guiver, “Preparation and DMFC performance of a sulfophenylated poly(arylene ether ketone) polymer electrolyte membrane,” Electrochimica Acta 55(11), 3817–3823 (2010).
B. Liu, W. Hu, G.P. Robertson, Y.S. Kim, Z. Jiang, and M.D. Guiver, “Sulfophenylated biphenylated poly(arylene ether ketone)s for fuel cell applications,” Fuel Cells 10(1), 45–53 (2010).
Yu Seung Kim, Melinda Einsla, James E. McGrath, and Bryan S. Pivovar, “The membrane-electrode interface in PECFs: II. Impact on fuel cell durability,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society 157(11), B1602–B1607 (2010).
Yu Seung Kim and Bryan S. Pivovar, “The membrane-electrode interface in PECFs: III. The effect of methanol concentration in DMFCs,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society 157(11), B1608–B1615 (2010).
Yu Seung Kim and Bryan S. Pivovar, “The membrane-electrode interface in PECFs: IV. The origin and implications of interfacial resistance,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society 157(11), B1616–B1623 (2010).
Kwan-Soo Lee, Yu Seung Kim, and Bryan Pivovar, “Property optimization of cross-linkable polymer electrolytes,” ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts (2010).
M.E. Hawley, Yu Seung Kim, and R.P. Hjelm, “Scanning force microscopy study of phase segregation in fuel cell membrane materials as a function of solvent polarity and relative humidity,” Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings 1213, 17–22 (2010).
Dae Sik Kim, Michael Guiver, James E. McGrath, Bryan S. Pivovar, and Yu Seung Kim, “Molecular design aspect of sulfonated polymers for direct methanol fuel cells,” ECS Transactions 33(1 PART 1), 711–717 (2010).
Zhongfen Ding, Dae Sik Kim, Andrea Labouriau, and Yu Seung Kim, “Synthesis of benzimidazole-tethered perfluoropolymer/perfluoromacromolecules for high-temperature fuel cell applications,” ECS Transactions 33(1 PART 1), 659–671 (2010).
D.S. Kim and Y.S. Kim, “Anion conducting polyaromatics having guanidine base,” ECS Transactions 33(1 PART 2), 1867–1874 (2010).
Kwan-Soo Lee, Yu Seung Kim, and Bryan Pivovar, “Property optimization of cross-linkable polymer electrolytes,” ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts (2010).
Todd J. Toops, Michael P. Brady, Peter F. Tortorelli, Josh A. Pihlm, Francisco Estevez, Daniel Connors, Fernando Garzon, Tommy Rockward, and Don Gervasio, et al., “Pre-oxidized and nitrided stainless steel alloy foil for proton exchange membrane fuel cell bipolar plates. Part 2: Single-cell fuel cell evaluation of stamped plates,” Journal of Power Sources 195(17), 5619–5627 (2010).

 


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