Los Alamos National LaboratoryCenter for Space and Earth Science
Part of the National Security Education Center

CSES FY16 Events

High quality, cutting-edge science in the areas of astrophysics, space physics, solid planetary geoscience, and climate science

Conferences, Symposiums

September 12-16, 2016

3rd International Symposium on Recent Observations and Simulations of the Sun-Earth System

Golden Sands, Bulgaria

The purpose of the Symposium is to improve present understanding of the complex, multi-scale, interactions in the Sun-Earth System (from deep within the Sun to the Earth’s atmosphere).

ISROSES-III is co-sponsored by the Center for Space and Earth Science (CSES), the National Science Foundation (NSF), and the VarSITI (Variability of the Sun and Its Terrestrial Impact) SCOSTEP Program.


September 22
LA Astro Seminar, Jane MacGibbon, University of North Florida: Primordial Black Holes TA-03, Building 207, Room 240 (San Ildefonso Conference Room)

MacGibbon in her talk addresses the questions what are the limits on the primordial black hole contribution to dark matter and what role may they play in the formation of observed supermassive black holes?

September 21
LA Astro Seminar, Thomas Dewey, University of California - Santa Cruz: Developing an equation of state for water to use in giant impact simulations TA-03, Building 207, Room 240 (San Ildefonso Conference Room)

Dewey will discuss his work focusing on developing a reliable and handy analytic approximation to the SESAME EOS table for water, since using tabulated data in FLASH code is unwieldy and computationally expensive. The approximation allows for greater ease of use and portability—both important features for the busy researcher.

September 21
LA Astro Seminar, Brian Tong, University of California - Santa Cruz: Simulating outward migration in a planetesimal disk for many planetary bodiess T-DO Conference Room (TA-03, Building 123, Room 132)

Tong will discuss results from his study that looks at the outward migration of a super earth and many earth mass planets. The simulations are done on the FARGO code.

September 20
Frontiers in Geoscience Colloquium, Prof. Nicole Riemer, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign: A multi-scale modeling framework for simulating climate impacts of carbonaceous aerosol Physics Auditorium (TA-3, Bldg 215)

In this seminar Riemer will present a multi-scale modeling framework to investigate and improve the representation of carbonaceous aerosol in global models such as CAM5.

Riemer will also discuss coarse-graining methods for scaling PartMC-MOSAIC model results for use in large-scale climate models, and compare and contrast the results to those obtained with the traditional CAM5 aerosol microphysics

Presentation flyer (pdf)

September 6
LA Astro Seminar, Eric Cramer, University of Alabama - Huntsville, Center for Space Plasma and Aeronomic Research (CSPAR): An Overview of High-Energy Atmospheric Physics: TGFs and Lightning Related Phenomena T-DO Conference Room (TA-03, Building 123, Room 121)

Cramer, NSF AGS Postdoctoral Fellow, will talk about the current theoretical models for the generation and propagation of TGFs, as well as current and future missions to study their physical properties. He will also discuss the current research effort to model spectral properties of observed GBM events in order to put constraints on source altitude and beaming width.

September 6
CSES/ISR-1 Seminar, Joe Giacalone, Dept. of Planetary Sciences, University of Arizona: Voyager and IBEX observe the turbulent local interstellar magnetic field Moon Room (TA03-0040-N125) | Unclassified

Giacalone will present a new model for the heliosphere's "IBEX Ribbon", an enigmatic emission of ~keV energetic neutral atoms (ENA) concentrated into a narrow band roughly coinciding with the (presumed) plane of the very local interstellar magnetic field (LISMF).

September 1
LA Astro Seminar, Andrey Beresnyak, U.S. Naval Research Laboratory: Particle acceleration in MHD turbulence T-DO Conference Room (TA-03, Building 123, Room 132)

Beresnyak will describe a few recent advances in theory and numerics and simulations of MHD environments with significant back-reaction from particles.

August 31
LA Astro Seminar, Hui Chen, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory: Towards making relativistic pair plasma jets for laboratory astrophysics on the National Ignition Facility TA-35, Building 86, Room 205

In this talk, Chen will summarize recent results from several large intense laser facilities with laser intensity of 10^18 - 10^21 Watts/cm^2, contrast of 10^7 - 10^10, and energy of 100 - 2000 J, including the pair jet energy, angular divergence and emittance; collimation by external magnetic fields, the pair jet temperature and density as well as pair production scaling.

August 30
LA Astro Seminar, Michael Gallis, Sandia National Laboratory: Molecular-Level Simulations of Hydrodynamic Instabilities in Gases T-DO Conference Room (TA-03, Building 123, Room 132)

Gallis will address the fundamental theory of DSMC, review some successful applications (Columbia accident, Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter), and demonstrate its potential for simulating hydrodynamic instabilities (Richtmyer-Meshkov, Rayleigh-Taylor) in gases using massively parallel computers.

August 25
LA Astro Seminar, Dr. Frederico Fiuza, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory: Particle acceleration in high-energy-density plasmas: from astrophysics to the laboratory Rosen Auditorium (TA-53, Bldg. 1)

Dr. Fiuza will discuss how the combination of kinetic plasma simulations and controlled high-power laser-plasma experiments is opening a unique window for the exploration of the microphysics of particle acceleration in plasmas.

August 25
CSES Planetary Science Lecture Series, Nina Lanza, ISR-2, LANL: Oxidation of Manganese at Kimberley, Gale Crater: More Free Oxygen in Mars’ Past? Quantum Conference Room (TA-03, Bldg 0040, Room N101)

Lanza presents results that suggest the fluids moving along Kimberley fractures were in at least partial contact with the atmosphere and that the atmosphere contained sufficient amounts of O2 to oxidize Mn.

Presentation flyer (pdf)

August 22
Frontiers in Geoscience Colloquium, Prof. James White, University of Colorado at Boulder: Climate change and sustainability: What’s physics, ethics and communication got to do with it? Physics Auditorium (TA-3, Bldg 215)

This talk will explore the basic messages that seem to get lost in today’s polarized rhetoric around these topics, including the limitations that physics places upon our choices and our options, the challenges of communicating to the public topics that mix science and society, and the ethical issues that may ultimately shape the debate.

Presentation flyer (pdf)

August 18
11:00am - 12:00pm
CSES presents Steven W. Clarke, Director of the Heliophysics Division Science Mission Directorate, NASA Headquarters: Heliophysics Research: The NASA Headquarters Perspective Physics Auditorium (TA-03, Bldg 215)

This presentation will focus on the NASA Headquarters perspective of formulating and implementing this critically important research program and the contributions the agency continues to provide to the science of space weather, leveraging inter-agency and international collaborations for the benefit of society.

Presentation flyer (pdf)

August 15
Frontiers in Geoscience Colloquium, Prof. Clint Dawson, University of Texas at Austin: Parameter Estimation for some Geoscience Applications using a Measure-Theoretic Approach Physics Auditorium (TA-3, Bldg 215)

Professor Dawson along with Monty Vesselinov from EES-16 will focus their talk on estimating scalar parameters and fields in a contaminant transport setting, and in estimating bottom friction in a complicated near-shore coastal application.

Presentation flyer (pdf)

August 11
LA Astro Seminar, Jack Hughes, Rutgers University: On the Trail of the Most Massive Galaxy Clusters in the Universe Challenge Conference Room (TA-03, Building 200, Room 256)

Hughes describes his work on identifying and characterizing galaxy clusters from ground-based surveys by the Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACT) and the all-sky Planck satellite mission.

August 9
LA Astro Seminar, Sherwood Richers, Caltech: Mixed Monte Carlo Neutrino Transport in Supernovae and Gamma-Ray Bursts T-DO Conference Room (TA-03, Building 123, Room 121)

Richers discusses three dimensional (3D) core collapse supernova and neutron star merger simulations and how they suffer from approximate treatments of neutrino transport that cripple their reliability and realism.

August 3
Nuclear Data Seminar Series, Rene Reifarth, Goethe Universitat Frankfurt: Nuclear astrophysics at storage rings TA-53, Bldg. 622, Lujan Auditorium

Reifarth will present recent experiments that cover neutron-, proton-, and gamma-induced reactions. The astrophysical scenarios range from small, compact objects like neutron stars to huge Red Giants.

August 1
Frontiers in Geoscience Colloquium, Prof. Patrick Reed, Cornell University: Reducing regional vulnerabilities and multi-city robustness conflicts using many-objective optimization under deep uncertainty Physics Auditorium (TA-3, Bldg 215)

Professor Reed discusses emerging water scarcity concerns in southeastern U.S. and research that focuses on the Research Triangle area of North Carolina, seeking to engage the water utilities within Raleigh, Durham, Cary and Chapel Hill in cooperative and robust regional water portfolio planning.

Presentation flyer (pdf)

July 25
Frontiers in Geoscience Colloquium, Dr. J. Alexandra Hakala, DOE - National Energy Technology Laboratory: Geochemical Evolution of Hydraulically-Fractured Shales Physics Auditorium (TA-3, Bldg 215)

This presentation will focus on laboratory-based experiments simulating downhole Marcellus Shale conditions to evaluate how reactions between shale and fracturing fluids can affect mineral dissolution and precipitation along fracture pathways, and whether specific chemical tracers measured in produced waters collected at the surface can identify these reactions in hydraulically-fractured shale.

Presentation flyer (pdf)

July 21
LA Astro Seminar, Ryan Miranda, Cornell University: Sustained Dust Asymmetries At Dead Zone Edges in Protoplanetary Disks T-DO Conference Room

Using hydrodynamic simulations of mutually coupled gas and dust, Miranda will show that vortices created at the dead zone edges are more robust than those created by embedded planets.

Presentation poster (pdf)

July 20
CSES presents Sebastien Bourdarie, ONERA,The French Aerospace Lab: AP8-AP9 Engineering Model Validation Moon Room (TA-03, 40/N125)

Abstract: In-flight feedback data are collected such as displacement damage doses, ionizing doses on board various space vehicles and are compared to predictions performed with (1) proton measurements performed with spectrometers data on board the same spacecraft if any and (2) protons spectrum predicted by the legacy AP8min model and the AP9 mean model.

Presentation flyer (pdf)

July 19
LA Astro Seminar, Joel Dahlin, University of Maryland: Electron Acceleration in Collisionless Magnetic Reconnection Challenge Conference Room (TA-03, Building 200, Room 256)

Dahlin discusses results that suggest the most efficient source of very energetic electrons might occur for a guide field of the same order of the reconnecting component, the regime where the Fermi mechanism and three-dimensional dynamics are both important. A complete theory of the production of energetic electrons from reconnection must incorporate the role of the guide field in transport and in the strength of the various energy drive mechanisms.

July 18
Frontiers in Geoscience Colloquium, Prof. Shemin Ge, University of Colorado - Boulder: Groundwater Dynamics in Headwater Regions under a Changing Climate Physics Auditorium (TA-3, Bldg 215)

Professor Ge, a 2016 GSA Birdsall-Dreiss Distinguished Lecturer, addresses the question how seasonal and long-term surface temperature variations impact recharge to groundwater and its interaction with surface water as it relates to groundwater flow in headwater regions.

Presentation flyer (pdf)

July 13
CSES presents Brian Aukema, University of Minnesota: Tamarack in Trouble? Climate change and altered population dynamics of eastern larch beetle in North America TA-51 Conference Room (TA-51, Building 25, Room 102)

This presentation mixes natural history with multiple lines of evidence to lead to the unfortunate conclusion that the range of tamarack may be pushed northward by this insect in a warming climate.

Presentation flyer (pdf)

July 12
LA Astro Seminar, Haocheng Zhang, LANL - T2: Polarization signatures reveal the jet magnetization TA-03, Building 200, Room 256

Zhang will discuss results illustrating that the observed polarization features suggest relatively high magnetization in the blazar emission region, and that the blazar flares may be due to magnetic energy dissipation.

July 11
Frontiers in Geoscience Colloquium, Prof. Ruben Juanes, Massachusetts Institute of Technology: Computational Modeling of Induced Seismicity Physics Auditorium (TA-3, Bldg 215)

This presentation discusses a new computational approach to model coupled multiphase flow and geomechanics of faulted reservoirs and the application of the coupled flow-geomechanics simulation technology to the post mortem analysis of several earthquake sequences.

Presentation flyer (pdf)

July 5
LA Astro Seminar, Louis Wagner, Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf and Technische Universitat Dresden: Nuclear Astrophysics at the Felsenkeller - a shallow-underground laboratory TA-53, Bldg 1, Room D105

Recent experiments show that not only deep underground sites as the LUNA facility at Gran Sasso, Italy but also shallow underground mines as the Felsenkeller Dresden, Germany can provide very low background if they are actively shielded against muons.

New data over ground at the 3 MV Tandetron of Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Germany of the non-resonant cross section of 14N(p,gamma)15O and possible underground experiments will be presented.

June 27
Frontiers in Geoscience Colloquium, Prof. Juan Pablo Giraldo-Gomez, University of California - Riverside: Plant Nanobiotechnology: Augmenting Plant Function with Nanomaterials Physics Auditorium (TA-3, Bldg 215)

This presentation will discuss results that highlight plant nanobiotechnology can create nanobionic plants with novel and augmented functions and provide novel tools for plant biology research.

Presentation flyer (pdf)

June 20
Frontiers in Geoscience Colloquium, Prof. Joseph Moore, University of Utah: Tapping the Earths Heat: Geothermal Energy Now and Tomorrow Physics Auditorium (TA-3, Bldg 215)

This presentation will discuss the factors that create natural geothermal systems and current efforts to develop Enhanced Geothermal System (EGS) reservoirs.

Presentation flyer (pdf)

June 16
LA Astro Seminar, Dr. Grzegorz Kowal: Magnetic Reconnection in Turbulent Media and Applications Challenge Conference Room (TA-03, Building 200, Room 256)

Dr. Grzegorz Kowal, Universidade de São Paulo, will discuss results on the reconnection rate scalings, independence of the way of the turbulence injection, the ability of reconnection to generate turbulence and therefore self-sustains its fast rate. Kowal will also demonstrate results on particle acceleration through fast reconnection.

June 13
Frontiers in Geoscience Colloquium, Prof. Robin Gerlach, Montana State University: Biocementation as an Advanced Well Remediation Technology – Technology Development from the Microscale to the Field-Scale Physics Auditorium (TA-3, Bldg 215)

This presentation will focus on the successful field demonstrations completed in a well at the Gorgas Powerplant in Alabama (USA), but will also provide an overview of the experimental and modeling efforts completed prior to, during and after the demonstrations.

Presentation flyer (pdf)

June 9
Stephen R. Guimond, Ph.D.: The Impacts of Numerical Schemes on Asymmetric Hurricane Intensification Research Park, 203A Conference Room (TA-03, Bldg. 4200)

Dr. Guimond is currently an assistant research scientist at the University of Maryland and works as a contractor at NASA GSFC. His research interests are broad and include geophysical fluid dynamics and turbulence, algorithm and model development, remote sensing and data analysis.

Presentation abstract (pdf)

June 2
NuGrid Seminar, Sam Jones: Simulating the lives and deaths of 8--10 solar-mass stars using hydrodynamic simulations NGC Co-lab room (building 200, room 115)

Sam Jones of Heidelberg will present high resolution simulations of convective oxygen shell burning in a massive star and show that convective transport of material and the erosion of the stable layer above the convective boundary by entrainment processes can be relatively well approximated in 1D SE codes with a simple modification to MLT and an exponentially decaying diffusion Coefficient.

May 31
LA Astro Seminar, Jonathan Katz: Fast Radio Bursts: Many questions, fewer answers JRO 1&2 - Rooms in the left corner of the Library, when you walk in

Prof. Jonathan Katz, Washington University, St. Louis, will discuss where in the Universe fast radio bursts sources must be, and will consider their possible origin.

May 26
NuGrid Seminar, Raphael Hirschi: Stellar Nucleosynthesis Nugrid Project Challenge conference room (03-200-256)

Hirschi will present the Nugrid collaboration and its goal, and give an overview of the ongoing projects and some of the key open questions we have or are trying to answer.

May 19
LA Astro Seminar, Ylva Pihlström: Characterizing interaction regions between Supernova Remnants and Molecular Clouds T-DO Conference Room (TA-3, Building 123, Room 121)

Ylva Pihlström, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of New Mexico, will talk about her detections of 36 and 44 GHz methanol masers in the SgrA complex, and how they relate to previously detected 1720 MHz OH masers. Pihlström will also describe the results from a search for 36 and 44 GHz methanol masers in a sample of SNRs, and how these results may be used to test SNR cosmic ray acceleration models.

May 12
LA Astro Seminar, Brian O'Shea: Better living through computation: Exploring the first generations of galaxies with cosmological simulations Challenge Conference Room (TA-3, Building 200, Room 256)

Brian O'Shea, Dept. of Computational Mathematics, Science and Engineering / Dept. of Physics and Astronomy Michigan State University, will discuss the challenges of accurately modeling the formation and evolution of galaxies over the lifetime of the universe, as well as the solutions to these technical challenges. O'Shea will also present results from the Renaissance Simulations - a suite of physics-rich simulations of high redshift galaxy formation done on the Blue Waters supercomputer.

May 10
LA Astro Seminar, Max Katz: White Dwarf Mergers as Astrophysical Explosion Progenitors T-DO Conference Room (TA-3, Building 123, Room 132)

Max Katz, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, will discuss the code advances he has implemented to make this study possible, both on the macroscopic side (gravity, rotation, and hydrodynamics) and the microphysical side (equation of state and nuclear reaction networks). Katz will also explore the difficulties involved with the length-scale and time-scale disparities involved in nuclear burning in stellar systems and what attempts he has made to get around this to obtain meaningful results in his simulations.

May 5
LA Astro Seminar, Irina Sagert: Pasta Phases in Neutron Stars T-DO Conference Room (TA-3, Building 123, Room 132)

Irina Sagert, XTD-IDA, LANL, will present first results from a quantum Hartree-Fock code for pasta phases that is based on the Multi-resolution Adaptive Numerical Environment for Scientific Simulations (MADNESS). MADNESS is a general purpose numerical environment for the solution of multi-D integral and partial differential equations in many dimensions on modern supercomputers.

April 28
LA Astro Seminar, Vladimir Zhdankin: Intermittency of Energy Dissipation in Turbulent Plasmas NGC Co-lab / Access Grid (TA-3, Building 200, Room 115)

Vladimir Zhdankin, CU-Boulder, will describe the spatial and temporal statistical properties of intermittent current sheets in numerical simulations of driven magnetohydrodynamic turbulence.

April 26
LA Astro Seminar, Andrea Albert: Searching for Dark Matter with Gamma Rays T-DO Conference Room (TA-3, Building 123, Room 132)

Andrea Albert, Marie Curie Fellow at LANL, will present recent Fermi-LAT Collaboration results from WIMP searches including looking for gamma-ray excesses in areas of large dark matter concentration like the Galactic center and dwarf spheroidal galaxies. She will also show new results from higher mass dark matter searches with the HAWC Observatory.

April 21
LA Astro Seminar, Toshiki Sato: Direct ejecta velocity measurements of Tycho’s SNR with X-rays T-DO Conference Room (TA-3, Building 123, Room 132)

Toshiki Sato, Tokyo Metropolitan University, will present the first direct ejecta velocity measurements of the Tycho's SNR with Chandra X-ray observatory. Tycho’s supernova remnant (SNR) is the remnant of SN 1572, which was recorded by Tycho Brahe. As a prototypical type Ia SNR in the Galaxy, Tycho's SNR have been well studied for investigations of the type Ia explosion mechanism.

April 19
LA Astro Seminar, Dr. Carolyn Kuranz: NIF laboratory astrophysics experiments investigating the effects of a radiative shock on hydrodynamic instabilities NGC Co-lab / Access Grid (TA-03, Building 200, Room 115)

Dr. Kuranz, University of Michigan, will give a presentation to include a summary of recent x-ray radiography data from the National Ignition Facility (NIF) experiments and simulation results.

April 18
Frontiers in Geoscience Colloquium, Aviva Sussman: An Introduction to the Underground Nuclear Explosion Signatures Experiment Physics Auditorium (TA-3, Bldg 215)

This presentation will describe the wide range of Underground Nuclear Explosion Signatures Experiment (UNESE) R&D that began in June, 2015 and will continue through FY 2018.

Presentation flyer (pdf)

April 13
LA Astro Seminar, Prof. Andrew Youdin: The Route to Planetesimals T-DO Conference Room (TA-3, Building 123, Room 132)

Prof. Youdin, Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, will assess the viability of the streaming instability and other planetesimal formation mechanisms, including a discussion of the large scale dust structures observed in protoplanetary disks.

April 11
Frontiers in Geoscience Colloquium, Dr. Thomas W. Swetnam: People, Forests & Fires in the Jemez Mountains & Southwest: Multi-Century Perspectives from Tree Rings, Fire Scars and Archaeology Physics Auditorium (TA-3, Bldg 215)

Dr. Swetnam, Regents’ Professor of Dendrochronology, Emeritus, discusses using tree rings, paleoecology and archaeology to construct and analyze the effects of high human population densities in forests of the Jemez Mountains, New Mexico from circa 1300 CE to the present.

March 23
LA Astro Seminar, Dr. Grant Meadors: Highlights of First Advanced LIGO Observations T-DO Conference Room (TA-3, Building 123, Room 132)

Dr. Meadors (Albert Einstein Institute Hannover and Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics and Leibniz Universität Hannover) will present an overview of the observatories and highlights of the Advanced LIGO's (Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory) first observation run (September 2015 to January 2016).

March 21
Frontiers in Geoscience Colloquium, Prof. Lars Hansen: Plastic and elastic anisotropy in olivine: Understanding plate boundaries in the laboratory EES-DO Conference Room (TA-3, 215, 275)

Professor Hansen (Department of Earth Sciences, University of Oxford, UK) will review recent laboratory experiments designed to investigate potential mechanisms of strain localization.

Hansen talk flyer (pdf)

March 15
LA Astro Seminar, Dr. Amanda Bayless: The Supernovae Analysis Application (SNAP): A revolutionary method for understanding the physics of supernovae Challenge Conference Room (TA-3, Building 200, Room 256) SNAP is a new database tool that fills out parameter space from pre-made LANL models and houses archive observations of SNe. SNAP also includes correlation software so that many comparisons between models and observations can be done rapidly. Thus SNAP will be an effective tool to reexamine past supernovae (SNe) and discover interesting SNe in the future, allowing us to better understand the true underlying physics of SNe. Dr. Amanda Bayless is a research scientist at the Southwest Research Institute.
March 10 Dr. Emil Mottola: The First Direct Detection of Gravitational Waves Rosen Auditorium, TA-53 After a basic overview of the history and theory of gravitational waves and the LIGO interferometer for non-experts, Dr. Mottola will discuss the discovery event of GW150914, and its interpretation as the inspiral and coalescence of a binary 'black hole' system.
Feb. 29
2:00 PM
CSES 2016 Call Town Hall Physics auditorium, TA-03 Bldg. 215, Rm 182  
Feb. 25
11:00 AM - Noon
Dr. Alex Lazarian: Fast Turbulent Reconnection in Non-Relativistic and Relativistic Fluids Challenge Conference Room (TA-3, Building 200, Room 256) Turbulence is well known to change radically transport properties in fluids. Dr. Lazarian shall discuss how turbulence changes magnetic reconnection both in non-relativistic and relativistic fluids.
Feb. 4 LA Astro Seminar, David Neilsen (BYU) - Relativistic Hydrodynamics with Wavelet CCS-7, TA-03, Bldg. 0200, Room 115 Conference Room  
Jan. 7 LANL Workshop on Closing the Gap between Infrastructure Assessments and Climate Simulation  
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