Copyright

Most of the electronic resources available at LANL are copyrighted by someone and governed by license agreements. These legal agreements determine how an electronic resource can or cannot be used.
Do you know copyright and copywrong?

Appropriate Use

It is the responsibility of individual users to ensure that LANL resources are used for:

  • Research
  • Educational and scholarly purposes
  • Personal non-commercial use

The following applies to electronic resources that are copyrighted/governed by LANL license agreements (other restrictions may apply):

You may:
  1. Print or download individual articles, chapters, or other items on a limited basis.
  2. Send an article or item to another authorized user
  3. Link to articles or other items from a publishers website (recommended method for providiing electronic content)
You may not:
  1. Systematically download, save, print, or distribute large amounts of informations (eg dowload all articles from a journal issue; engage in large-scale downloading from licensed resources to create databases)
  2. Send an article or item to a person who is not an authorized user (unless this is specifically allowed by a publisher's license)
  3. Post an article or other items in any open environment, including the internet (includes mailing lists, electronic bulletin boards, blogs, etc)

What are "Fair Use" options?

Fair Use provisions of US copyright law allow reproduction and distribution of copyrighted materials on a limited basis for specific purposes without the permission of the copyright holder. In order for Fair Use to apply, the reproduction and distribution must be for the noncommercial purposes of scholarship, research or education (among others).

Fair Use is a limited right. It generally means you cannot reproduce or distribute large portions of a book or multiple articles from the same issue of a journal. A reasonable interpretation of the law is one (1) article per issue of a journal, and one-tenth or one chapter of book, whichever is greater. Use beyond this allowance requires payment of copyright royalty fees to the publisher.

Self-Archiving and Open Access

Many publishers allow authors to self-archive a pre- or post-print copy of their papers on the author's webpage or institutional website. There can be restrictions on this type of self-archiving. The SHERPA/RoMEO database of publisher copyright and self-archiving policies is a good resource for information on specific publisher policies.

Some publishers have Open Access (OA) policies that allow authors to pay a fee to make their papers freely and immediately available to everyone. The SHERPA/RoMEO website can help you find out if a specific journal or publisher supports Open Access. There is also a short list of direct links to publishers with OA programs at the Library's Open Access webpage.

Contact copyright-lib@lanl.gov for information on specific publisher policies.

Additional resources about copyright and copyright law:

Crash Course in Copyright (University of Texas)

Digital Millennium Copyright Act

Copyright Act of 1976, amended

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