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Richard L. Sandberg

Richard Sandberg

Phone (505) 665-3526


  • Development of novel optical and X-ray diagnostics to study materials in extreme conditions and materials at the nanoscale using ultrafast lasers and large scale (synchrotron, XFEL) and tabletop X-ray sources.  Application of X-ray lensless or Coherent Diffraction Imaging (CDI) to the study of materials under extreme conditions and magnetic ordering at the nanoscale.
  • Development of fiber-optic based diagnostics for measuring materials extremes (shock, detonation, pressure, temperature).
  • Development and application of cryogentic single photon detectors to studying materials dynamics.

LUMOS Team Home Page -


PhD, M.S. in Physics, Certificate of Optics—University of Colorado at Boulder and JILA

  • Graduation: May 2009
  • Thesis: “Closing the Gap to the Diffraction Limit: Near Wavelength Limited Tabletop Soft X-Ray Coherent Diffractive Imaging”
  • Also completed NSF IGERT Optical Science and Engineering Fellowship Program and industrial internship with Advanced Micro Devices (AMD), Inc. Fall 2006
  • Advisors: Margaret M. Murnane and Henry C. Kapteyn

B.S. in Physics, minors in Mathematics and Business—Brigham Young University

  • Graduation: August 2004 Graduated with Honors (Top 1% of University)
  • Honors Thesis: “Optical applications of Uranium Thin-film Compounds for the Extreme Ultraviolet and Soft X-ray Region”
  • Advisors: David D. Allred and R. Steven Turley

Professional Appointments

  • April 2011 - Present: Staff Member, Laboratory for Ultrafast Materials and Optical Science (LUMOS), Center for Integrated Nanotechnology (MPA-CINT) at Los Alamos National Laboratory
  • June 2009 - April 2011: Director’s Postdoctoral Fellow in the Center for Advanced Solar Photophysics (CASP), C-PCS Group at Los Alamos National Laboratory with Han Htoon and Victor Klimov        

Professional Societies

American Physical Society (APS); Optical Society of America (OSA); International Organization for Optical Engineers (SPIE);  Materials Research Society (MRS); The Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society (TMS)

Professional Activities

  • 2015-Present - Optical Society of America CLEO Conference Program Committee on Optical Interactions with Condensed Matter and Ultrafast Phenomena
  • 2015 – Los Alamos National Laboratory Science Campaign 2 Program Manager Search Committee
  • December 2014 – Present – SLAC LCLS-II Magnetism & Spin Working Group and LCLS-II Science Opportunities Document Team
  • October 2014 – Present – SLAC – Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) User Executive Committee
  • 2014 – Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies Co-Director and Group Leader
  • 2013-Present - TMS Advanced Characterization, Testing, and Simulation Committee Member
  • 2013-2014 - Optical Society of America CLEO Conference Applications and Technology 3 Committee
  • Co-organizer of a special symposium at the TMS Annual meeting entitled: “Characterization of Materials through High Resolution Coherent Imaging” (2013,2015) – to be held bi-annually.
  • Guest Editor of Special Section for the Journal of the Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society (JOM) on “Coherent X-ray Diffraction Imaging as a Characterization Tool” September 2013
  • 2012-Present – Los Alamos Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Review Committee for Exploratory Research Programs: FY2013 – Emergent Phenomenon of Materials (EPM), FY2014 – FY2015 – Quantum and Optical Sciences (QOS), Committee Chair FY2016 – Atomic, Molecular, Quantum, and Optical Sciences (AMQOS)
  • Reviewer for Nature Physics, Nature Photonics, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, Physical Review Letters, Physical Review B and X, New Journal of Physics, Optics Letters, Optics Express, and Journal of the Optical Society of America B




  • 2014 Los Alamos Performance Award for Dynamic X-ray Imaging Experiments on Explosives
  • 2012 Los Alamos New Manager On-Ramp Program Endorsement
  • 2012 Los Alamos Awards Program (LAAP) Winner, Gemini Project Diagnostic Development
  • 2010 Los Alamos National Laboratory “Spot” Performance Award
  • 2009 Director’s Postdoctoral Fellowship at Los Alamos National Laboratory
  • 2008 Optical Society of America (OSA) New Focus/Bookham Student Award Recipient
  • Finalist for the 2008 Werner Meyer-Ilse Memorial Award at XRM 2008
  • 5 year NSF IGERT Optical Science and Engineering Program Graduate Fellowship, August 2004
  • Best Presentation of X-Ray/UV Optics Technical Group at SPIE 48th Annual Meeting Aug. 4th, 2003
Students Mentored

Graduate Students Mentored

  1. 2012 – Nathan Heilmann – Graduate student, Brigham Young University, now at KM Labs, Inc.

Undergraduate Students Mentored

  1. Summer 2015 – Albert Liu – SULI Student – University of Michigan PhD Program in Applied Physics
  2. Summer 2015 – Timothy O’Leary – Undergraduate Researcher, BYU-Idaho, BS in Applied Math
  3. 2014-2015 – Matthew C. Tyson – Post-bachelors Intern, now at Montana State University PhD Program in Physics
  4. 2013-Current – Kimberley Nguyen – Undergraduate Researcher – B.S. Chemistry, University of New Mexico
  5. 2012-2013 – Jonathan Gigax – B.S. Student, Univ. Sci. Tech Mo., now PhD candidate at Texas A&M




For most up to date publication information, please see my Google Scholar Page.

Selected Peer Reviewed Publications

  1. J.L. Barber, C.W. Barnes, R.L. Sandberg, and R.L. Sheffield, “Diffractive imaging at large Fresnel number: Challenge of dynamic mesoscale imaging with hard x-rays,” Phys. Rev. B 89, 184105 (2014).
  2. Invited Review: R.L. Sandberg, Z. Huang, R. Xu, J. Rodriguez, and J. Miao, “Studies of Materials at the Nanometer Scale Using Coherent X-Ray Diffraction Imaging,” JOM  65, 1208 (2013).
  3. G. Rodriguez, R. L. Sandberg, Q. McCulloch, S. I. Jackson, S. W. Vincent, and E. Udd, “Chirped fiber Bragg grating detonation velocity sensing,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84, 015003 (2013).
  4. L.A. Padilha, J.T. Stewart, R.L. Sandberg, W.K. Bae, W.-K. Koh, J.M. Pietryga, and V.I. Klimov, “Aspect Ratio Dependence of Auger Recombination and Carrier Multiplication in PbSe Nanorods,” Nano Letters 13, 1092 (2013).
  5. Invited Article: L.A. Padilha, J.T. Stewart, R.L. Sandberg, W.K. Bae, W.K. Koh, J.M. Pietryga, and V.I. Klimov, “Carrier Multiplication in Semiconductor Nanocrystals: Influence of Size, Shape and Composition,” Acc. Chem. Res. 46, 1261–1269 (2013).
  6. R.L. Sandberg, L. a Padilha, M.M. Qazilbash, W.K. Bae, R.D. Schaller, J.M. Pietryga, M.J. Stevens, B. Baek, S.W. Nam, and V.I. Klimov, “Multiexciton dynamics in infrared-emitting colloidal nanostructures probed by a superconducting nanowire single-photon detector,” ACS Nano 6, 9532 (2012).
  7. Invited Review:  J. Miao, R.L. Sandberg, and C. Song, “Coherent X-Ray Diffraction Imaging,” IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics 18, 399 (2012).
  8. K.S. Raines, S. Salha, H. Jiang, R.L. Sandberg, H.C. Kapteyn, M.M. Murnane, J. Du, and Jianwei Miao, “Ankylography: three-dimensional structure determination from a single view,” Nature 463, 214-217 (2010).
  9. R.L. Sandberg, D.A. Raymondson, C. La-o-vorakiat, A. Paul, K.S. Raines, J. Miao, M.M. Murnane, H.C. Kapteyn, and W.F. Schlotter, “Tabletop soft-x-ray Fourier transform holography with 50 nm resolution,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1618 (2009).
  10. R.L. Sandberg, C. Song, P.W. Wachulak, D.A. Raymondson, A. Paul, B. Amirbekian, A.E. Sakdinawat, E. Lee, C. La-O-Vorakiat, M.C. Marconi, C.S. Menoni, M.M. Murnane, J.J. Rocca, H.C. Kapteyn, J. Miao “High numerical aperture tabletop soft x-ray diffraction microscopy with 70-nm resolution,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 105, 24 (2008).
  11. A.L. Lytle, X. Zhang, R.L. Sandberg, O. Cohen, H.C. Kapteyn, and M.M. Murnane, “Quasi-phase matching and characterization of high-order harmonic generation in hollow waveguides using counterpropagating light,” Opt. Exp. 16, 6544-6566 (2008).
  12. B. La Fontaine, Y. Deng, R. Kim, H.J. Levinson, U. Okoroanyanwu, R.L. Sandberg, T. Wallow, and O. Wood, “Extreme ultraviolet lithography: From research to manufacturing,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25, 2089 (2007).
  13. R.L. Sandberg, A. Paul, D.A. Raymondson, S. Hädrich, D.M. Gaudiosi, J. Holtsnider, R.I. Tobey, O. Cohen, M.M. Murnane, H.C. Kapteyn, C. Song, J. Miao, Y. Liu, and F. Salmassi, “Lensless diffractive imaging using tabletop, coherent, high harmonic soft x-ray beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 098103 (2007).
  14. Kristi Adamson, Shannon Lunt, Richard Sandberg, Elke Jackson,  David Allred, R. Steven Turley , “Determining Composition of Thin Films of Uranium Oxide by X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy,” The Journal of the Utah Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters 82, 176-186 (2005).

Selected Recent Invited Presentations

  1. Richard L. Sandberg, et al., "Studying Shocked Material Dynamics with Ultrafast X-rays" Microscopy and Microanalysis 2015, August 2-6, 2015, Portland, Oregon.
  2. George Rodriguez, Fedor F. Balakirev, Abul Azad, Richard L. Sandberg, Bruce R. Marshall, Bryan F. Henson, Laura Smilowitz, Mark Marr-Lyon, "Insight into fiber Bragg sensor response at 100-MHz interrogation rates under various dynamic loading conditions" SPIE DSS 2015, April 22, 2015, Baltimore, Maryland.
  3. Richard L. Sandberg, et al., “Sub-micron Scale Imaging of Fast Materials Dynamics at X-ray Free Electron Lasers,” Department of Physics Colloquium, New Mexico State University, November 13, 2014, Las Cruces, New Mexico.
  4. Richard L. Sandberg, et al., "Lensless X-ray Imaging for Materials Dynamics Studies," Brigham Young University Department of Physics and Astronomy Colloquium, October 29, 2014, Provo, Utah.
  5. R.L. Sandberg, et al., “Ultrafast Coherent Imaging of Shocked Material Dynamics with X-ray Free Electron Laser Pulses,” 2014 High-Power Laser Workshop, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, October 8, 2014, Menlo Park, California.
  6. R.L. Sandberg, et al., “Probing multiferroic materials with Soft X-ray Coherent Diffraction Imaging,” 2014 LCLS/SSRL Users Meeting, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, October 10, 2014, Menlo Park, California.
  7. Richard L. Sandberg, et al., “Sub-micron Scale Imaging of Fast Materials Dynamics at X-ray Free Electron Lasers,” SLAC Photon Science Seminar, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, April 29, 2014, Menlo Park, California.
  8. R.L. sandberg, et al., "Nanometer Scale Materials Studies with Tabletop Soft X-Ray Coherent Imaging," TMS 2013, San Antonio, TX, March 2013.
  9. Richard L. Sandberg, et al., George Rodriguez, Scott I. Jackson, et al., "Fiber Bragg grating sensing of detonation and shock experiments at Los Alamos National Laboratory ", SPIE Defense, Security, and Sensising, Baltimore, MD, May 2013. 
  10. Richard L. Sandberg, et al., “Carrier multiplication studies of lead-salt nanorods with a superconducting nanowire single photon detector,” Department of Physics & Astronomy Colloquium, University of Denver, November 10, 2010, Denver, Colorado.

Documents and Files