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James William Carey

Bill Carey

Email
Phone (505) 667-5540

Capabilities

  • Chemical Science
  • Materials chemistry
  • Earth and Space Sciences
  • Geoscience
  • Geology
  • Geochemistry
  • Materials
  • Materials behavior in extreme environments,
  • High pressure
  • High temperature
  • Electron microscopy
  • X-ray spectroscopy and imaging
  • Thermodynamic
  • Microscopic, mesoscopic and continuum level mechanical behavior
  • Exascale Co-Design Center for Materials in Extreme Environments (ExMatEx)
  • Science of Signatures - In Situ Measurements
  • Electron microscopy
  • Materials
  • In-situ Load-Stress/Strain X-ray Characterization

Expertise

  • Fluid-rock interactions in geomaterials
  • Triaxial coreflood studies of fracture-permeability behavior
  • Multiphase flow and reaction
  • Hydraulic fracturing
  • Wellbore integrity
  • Portland cement systems
  • Mineral hydrates (zeolites)
  • Thermodynamics and kinetics of fluid-mineral reactions

Education

  • Ph.D. in Earth Sciences, Harvard University, 1991
  • M.Sc. in Geology, University of Oregon, 1985
  • B.Sc. in Geology, University of Wisconsin, 1982 

 

 

LANL Positions

  • Staff Scientist, Earth and Environmental Sciences Division, LANL, 2008-present 
  • Team Leader (Earth & Planetary Materials), Earth and Environmental Sciences Division, LANL, 2003-2008

  • Technical staff, Earth and Environmental Sciences Division, LANL, 1995-2003

  • Postdoctoral Fellow, LANL, 1993-1995

  • Staff Scientist, ETEX Corporation, Cambridge, MA 1993-1995 

 

 

Professional Societies

  • American Geophysical Union

  • Mineralogical Society of America

  • Society of Petroleum Engineers 

 

 

Awards

  • R&D 100 award recipient (1997) for patented technology used to diagnose chemical damage in concrete structures that replaced expensive and environmentally haz- ardous uranium-based fluorescence technique

  • Los Alamos Achievement Award (2000) for work on the hydrogeologic model of the Pajarito Plateau

  • Distinguished Performance Award (2001) for contributions to the Yucca Mountain Project

  • LANL Director’s Achievement Award (2005) for work on resumption of laboratory operations

  • LAAP award (2005) for teaching in the Research Experience in CO2 Sequestration summer school

  • Frontiers in Geoscience Lecture ”Viability of CO2 Reservoirs for Storage of Greenhouse Gases” (2007)

  • Outstanding Reviewer for International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control (2014, 2015) 

 

 

Patents

Guthrie, G. D., Jr. and Carey, J. W. (1998). Detection of alkali-silica reaction swelling in concrete by staining. US Patent 5,739,035. 

 

 

Publications

  1. Jiménez-Martínez, J., Porter, M. L., Hyman, J. D., Carey, J. W., and Viswanathan, H. S. (submitted). Alternatives to water hydraulic fracturing: CO2 dynamics in three- phase systems. Geophysical Research Letters.

  2. Frash, L. P., Carey, J. W., Ickes, T., and Viswanathan, H. S. (submitted). Utica shale triaxial direct-shear microtomography and fracture permeability. Geophysical Research Letters.

  3. Lei, Z., Rougier, E., Knight, E. E., Frash, L., Carey, J. W., and Viswanathan, H. (submitted). A non-locking composite tetrahedron element for the combined finite discrete element method. Engineering Computations.

  4. Carroll, S., Carey, J. W., Dzombak, D., Huerta, N., Li, L., Richards, T., Um, W., Walsh, S., and Zhang, L. (submitted). Review: Role of chemistry, mechanics, and transport on well integrity in CO2 storage environments. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control.

  5. Frash, L. P., Carey, J. W., and Viswanathan, H. (submitted). Method for in situ tensile-hydraulic-fracturing in triaxial coreflood systems. Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering

  6. Harp, D. R., Pawar, R., Carey, J. W., and Gable, C. W. (submitted). Development of reduced order models of transient wellbore leakage at geologic carbon sequestration sites. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control.

  7. Viswanathan, H., Hyman, J., Karra, S., Carey, J. W., Porter, M., Rougier, E., Currier, R., Kang, Q., Zhou, L., Jimenez, J., Makedonska, N., Chen, L., and Middleton, R. (in press). Using discovery science to increase efficiency of hydraulic fracturing while reducing water usage. In Hydraulic Fracturing: Environmental Issues. Ameri- can Chemical Society, Washington, D. C.

  8. Pawar, R. J., Bromhal, G., Carey, J. W., Foxall, B., Korre, A., Ringrose, P., Tucker, O., Watson, M., and White, J. (2015). Recent advances in risk assessment and risk management of geologic CO2 storage. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 40:292-311.

  9. Porter, M. L., Jiménez-Martínez, J., Martinez, R., McCulloch, Q., Carey, J. W., and Viswanathan, H. (2015). Geomaterial microfluidics at reservoir conditions for subsurface energy resource applications. Lab on a Chip, 15:4044-4053.

  10. Carey, J. W., Lei, Z., Rougier, E., Mori, H., and Viswanathan, H. S. (2015). Fracture- permeabilty behavior of shale. Journal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources, 11: 27-43.

  11. Middleton, R. S., Levine, J. S., Bielicki, J. M., Viswanathan, H. S., Carey, J. W., and Stauffer, P. H. (2015). Jumpstarting commercial-scale CO2 capture and storage with ethylene production and enhanced oil recovery in the us gulf. Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology, 147: 500-509.

  1. Guthrie, G. D. and Carey, J. W. (2015). A thermodynamic and kinetic model for paste-aggregate interactions and the alkali-silica reaction. Cement and Concrete Research, 76: 107-120.

  2. Middleton, R. S., Carey, J. W., Currier, R. P., Hyman, J. D., Kang, Q., Karra, S., Jimenez-Martınez, J., Porter, M. L., and Viswanathan, H. S. (2015). Shale gas and non-aqueous fracturing fluids: opportunities and challenges for supercritical CO2. Applied Energy, 147:500-509.

  3. Jordan, A. B., Stauffer, P. H., Harp, D., Carey, J. W., and Pawar, R. J. (2015). A response surface model to predict CO2 and brine leakage along cemented wellbores. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 33:27-39.

  4. Jackson, R. B., Vengosh, A., Carey, J. W., Davies, R. J., Darrah, T. H., O’Sullivan, F., and Pétron, G. (2014). The environmental costs and benefits of fracking. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 39:327-362.

  5. Herring, A. L., Andersson, L., Newell, D., Carey, J. W., and Wildenschild, D. (2014). Pore-scale observations of supercritical CO2 drainage in Bentheimer sandstone by synchrotron x-ray imaging. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 25:93- 101.

  6. Dai, Z., Stauffer, P. H., Carey, J. W., Middleton, R. S., Lu, Z., Jacobs, J. F., Hnottavange- Telleen, K., and Spangler, L. H. (2014). Pre-injection risk assessment for commercial-scale carbon sequestration. Environmental Science & Technology, 48:3908-3915.

  7. Chen, L., Kang, Q., Deng, H., Carey, J. W., and Tao, W. (2014). Mesoscopic study of the formation of pseudomorphs with presence of chemical fluids. Geosciences Journal, pages 1-7.

  8. Chen, L., Kang, Q., Carey, B., and Tao, W.-Q. (2014). Pore-scale study of dif- fusion?reaction processes involving dissolution and precipitation using the lattice Boltzmann method. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 75:483-496.

  9. Carey, J. W. (2013). Geochemistry of wellbore integrity in CO2 sequestration: Port- land cement-steel-brine-CO2 interactions. In DePaolo, D. J., Cole, D., Navrotsky, A., and Bourg, I., editors, Geochemistry of Geologic CO2 Sequestration, volume 77 of Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, chapter 15, pages 505-539. Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, DC.

  10. Newell, D. L. and Carey, J. W. (2013). Experimental evaluation of wellbore integrity along the cement-rock boundary. Environmental Science & Technology, 47:276-282.

  11. Keating, E. H., Newell, D. L., Viswanathan, H., Carey, J. W., Zyvoloski, G., and Pawar, R. (2013). CO2/brine transport into shallow aquifers along fault zones. Environmental Science & Technology, 47:290-297.

  12. Keating, E. H., Hakala, J. A., Viswanathan, H., Carey, J. W., Pawar, R., Guthrie, G. D., and Fessenden-Rahn, J. (2013). CO2 leakage impacts on shallow groundwater: Field-scale reactive- transport simulations informed by observations at a natural analog site. Applied Geochemistry, 30:136-147.

  1. Porter, M. L., Coon, E. T., Kang, Q., Moulton, J. D., and Carey, J. W. (2012). Multicomponent interparticle-potential lattice Boltzmann model for fluids with large viscosity ratios. Physcal Review E, 86:036701.

  2. Middleton, R. S., Keating, G. N., Stauffer, P. H., Jordan, A. B., Viswanathan, H. S., Kang, Q. J., Carey, J. W., Mulkey, M. L., Sullivan, E. J., Chu, S. P., Esposito, R., and Meckel, T. A. (2012). The cross-scale science of CO2 capture and storage: From pore scale to regional scale. Energy & Environmental Science, 5: 7328-7345.

  3. Han, J., Carey, J. W., and Robinson, B. A. (2012). Hydrothermal, geothermal and ocean energy. In Ginley, D. S. and Cahen, D., editors, Fundamentals of Materials for Energy and Environmental Sustainability, pages 379-395. Cambridge University Press.

  4. Han, J., Carey, J. W., and Zhang, J. (2011). Effect of sodium chloride on corrosion of mild steel in CO-saturated brines. Journal Of Applied Electrochemistry, 41:741-749.

  5. Han, J. and Carey, J. W. (2011). Localized CO2 corrosion propagation at moderate FeCO3 supersaturation initiated by mechanical removal of corrosion scale. Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, 41:1367-1371.

  6. Carey, J. W. and Lichtner, P. C. (2011). Computational studies of two-phase cement- CO2-brine interaction in wellbore environments. SPE Journal, 16: 940-948.

  7. Kaszuba, J. P., Viswanathan, H. S., and Carey, J. W. (2011). Relative stability and significance of dawsonite and aluminum minerals in geologic carbon sequestration. Geophysics Research Letters, 38: L08404.

  8. Han, J., Carey, J. W., and Zhang, J. (2011). A coupled electrochemical-geochemical model of corrosion for mild steel in high-pressure CO2-saline environments. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 5: 777-787.

  9. Han, J., Carey, J. W., and Zhang, J. (2011). Effect of bicarbonate on corrosion of carbon steel in CO2- saturated brines. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 5:1680-1683.

  10. Crow, W., Carey, J. W., Gasda, S., Williams, D. B., and Celia, M. (2010). Wellbore integrity analysis of a natural CO2 producer. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 4: 186-197.

  11. Carey, J. W., Svec, R., Grigg, R., Zhang, J., and Crow, W. (2010). Experimental investigation of wellbore integrity and CO2-brine flow along the casing-cement microannulus. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 4: 272-282.

  12. Crow, W., Williams, D. B., Carey, J. W., Celia, M., and Gasda, S. (2009). Well integrity evaluation of a natural CO2 producer. In Eide, L. I., editor, Carbon Dioxide Capture for Storage in Deep Geologic FormationsResults from the CO2 Capture Project, volume 3, pages 317-329. CPL Press, Berkshire, UK.

  13. Wigand, M., Carey, J. W., Schu ̈tt, H., Spangenberg, E., and Erzinger, J. (2008). Geochemical effects of CO2 sequestration in sandstones under simulated in-situ con- ditions of deep saline aquifers. Applied Geochemistry, 23: 2735-2745.

  1. Viswanathan, H. S., Pawar, R. J., Stauffer, P. H., Kaszuba, J. P., Carey, J. W., Olsen, S. C., Keating, G. N., Kavetski, D., and Guthrie, Jr., G. D. (2008). Development of a hybrid process and system model for the assessment of wellbore leakage at a geologic CO2 sequestration site. Environmental Science & Technology, 42:7280-7286.

  2. Carey, J. W. and Lichtner, P. C. (2007). Calcium silicate hydrate (C-S-H) solid solution model applied to cement degradation using the continuum reactive transport model FLOTRAN. In Mobasher, B. and Skalny, J., editors, Transport Properties and Concrete Quality: Materials Science of Concrete, Special Volume, pages 73-106. American Ceramic Society; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

  3. Carey, J. W., Wigand, M., Chipera, S., WoldeGabriel, G., Pawar, R., Lichtner, P., Wehner, S., Raines, M., and Guthrie, Jr., G. D. (2007). Analysis and performance of oil well cement with 30 years of CO2 exposure from the SACROC Unit, West Texas, USA. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, 1: 75-85.

  4. Lichtner, P. C. and Carey, J. W. (2006). Incorporating solid solutions in geochemical reactive transport equations using a kinetic discrete-composition approach. Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta, 70: 1356-1378.

  5. Bish, D. L., Carey, J. W., Chipera, S. J., and Vaniman, D. T. (2006). The importance of mineralogy at Yucca Mountain. In Macfarlane, A. M. and Ewing, R. C., editors, Uncertainty Underground: Yucca Mountain and the Nations High-Level Nuclear Waste, pages 217-235. MIT Press.

  6. Robinson, B. A., Cole, G., Carey, J. W., Witkowski, M., Gable, C. W., Lu, Z. M., and Gray, R. (2005). A vadose zone flow and transport model for Los Alamos Canyon, Los Alamos, New Mexico. Vadose Zone Journal, 4:729-743.

  7. Fialips, C. I., Carey, J. W., Vaniman, D. T., Bish, D. L., Feldman, W. C., and Mellon, M. T. (2005). Hydration state of zeolites, clays, and hydrated salts under present- day martian surface conditions: Can hydrous minerals account for Mars Odyssey observations of near-equatorial water-equivalent hydrogen? Icarus, 178:74-83.

  8. Fialips, C. I., Carey, J. W., and Bish, D. L. (2005). Hydration-dehydration behavior and thermodynamics of chabazite. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 69:2293-2308.

  9. Vaniman, D. T., Bish, D. L., Chipera, S. J., Fialips, C. I., Carey, J. W., and Feldman, W. C. (2004). Magnesium sulphate salts and the history of water on Mars. Nature, 431: 663-5.

  10. Feldman, W. C., Mellon, M. T., Maurice, S., Prettyman, T. H., Carey, J. W., Van- iman, D. T., Bish, D. L., Fialips, C. I., Chipera, S. J., Kargel, J. S., Elphic, R. C., Funsten, H. O., Lawrence, D. J., and Tokar, R. L. (2004). Hydrated states of mgso at equatorial latiudes on Mars. Geophysical Research Letters, 31:L16702-4.

  11. Bish, D. L., Vaniman, D. T., Chipera, S. J., and Carey, J. W. (2004). The distribution of zeolites and their effects on the performance of a nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, USA. American Mineralogist, 89:248-248.

  1. Viswanathan, H. S., Robinson, B. A., Gable, C. W., and Carey, J. W. (2003). A geostatistical modeling study of the effect of heterogeneity on radionuclide transport in the unsaturated zone, Yucca Mountain. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 62- 63:319-336.

  2. Fridriksson, T., Carey, J. W., Bish, D. L., Neuhoff, P. S., and Bird, D. K. (2003). Hydrogen-bonded water in laumontite II: Experimental determination of site-specific thermodynamic properties of hydration of the W1 and W5 sites. American Mineralogist, 88:1060-1072.

  3. Bish, D. L., Vaniman, D. T., Chipera, S. J., and Carey, J. W. (2003). The distribution of zeolites and their effects on the performance of a nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, USA. American Mineralogist, 88:1889-1902.

  4. Bish, D. L., Carey, J. W., Vaniman, D. T., and Chipera, S. J. (2003). Stability of hydrous minerals on the martian surface. Icarus, 164:96-103.

  5. Wilson, C. J., Carey, J. W., Beeson, P. C., Gard, M. O., and Lane, L. J. (2001). A GIS-based hillslope erosion and sediment delivery model and its application in the Cerro Grande burn area. Hydrological Processes, 15:2995-3010.

  6. Vaniman, D. T., Chipera, S. J., Bish, D. L., Carey, J. W., and Levy, S. S. (2001). Quantification of unsaturated-zone alteration and cation exchange in zeolitized tuffs at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, USA. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 65:3409-3433.

  7. Bish, D. L. and Carey, J. W. (2001). Thermal behavior of natural zeolites. In Bish, D. L. and Ming, D. W., editors, Natural Zeolites: Occurrence, Properties, Applications, pages 403-452. Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, DC.

  8. Sullivan, E. J., Carey, J. W., and Bowman, R. S. (1998). Thermodynamics of cationic surfactant sorption onto natural clinoptilolite. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 206:369-380.

  9. Guthrie, Jr., G. D. and Carey, J. W. (1997). A simple environmentally friendly, and chemically specific method for the identification and evaluation of the alkali-silica reaction. Cement and Concrete Research, 27:1407-1417.

  10. Carey, J. W. and Bish, D. L. (1997). Calorimetric measurement of the enthalpy of hydration of clinoptilolite. Clays and Clay Minerals, 45:826-833.

  11. Carey, J. W. and Bish, D. L. (1996). Equilibrium in the clinoptilolite-H2O system. American Mineralogist, 81:952-962.

  12. Carey, J. W. (1995). A thermodynamic formulation of hydrous cordierite. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 119:155-165.

  13. Carey, J. W. (1993). The heat-capacity of hydrous cordierite above 295-K. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 19:578-583.

  14. Grover, T. W., Rice, J. M., and Carey, J. W. (1992). Petrology of aluminous schist in the Boehls Butte region of northern Idaho - phase-equilibria and P-T evolution. American Journal of Science, 292:474-507.

  15. Carey, J. W. and Navrotsky, A. (1992). The molar enthalpy of dehydration of cordierite. American Mineralogist, 77:930-936.

  1. Carey, J. W., Rice, J. M., and Grover, T. W. (1992). Petrology of aluminous schist in the Boehls Butte region of northern Idaho - geologic history and aluminum-silicate phase-relations. American Journal of Science, 292:455-473.

  2. Marvin, U. B., Carey, J. W., and Lindstrom, M. M. (1989). Cordierite-spinel troc- tolite, a new magnesium-rich lithology from the lunar highlands. Science, 243:925-8.