Greening up fossil fuels with carbon sequestration
Even with the rapid growth of renewable energy sources, the world will remain dependent on fossil fuels for the foreseeable future.
Burning these fuels produces carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, driving global climate change.
The capture and long-term geological storage of carbon dioxide is one possible approach to mitigating climate change, but presents challenges in the scale at which it must be done (billions of metric tons per year) and the associated cost.
To meet these global challenges, Los Alamos scientists are making advances in virtually every aspect of carbon capture and storage research, including creating membranes for carbon dioxide separation and avoiding groundwater contamination by heavy metals and brine.