Saturn’s moon rhea sports a dusty halo
- Nancy Ambrosiano
- Communications Office
- (505) 667-0471
Los Alamos instruments provide ion data
LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, March 6, 2008—Who’d have guessed that Saturn has its own moon-sized vacuum cleaners, circling the ringed planet and sucking up electrons from the plasma at the orbit of the icy moons. Or that one of Saturn’s moons has its very own vacuum in the form of a hitherto-unknown dust halo, not quite visible as a ring, around the midsection of Rhea, discovered by NASA’s Cassini spacecraft. Cassini is carrying among its instruments a pair of ion-mass and ion-beam spectrometers built by Los Alamos National Laboratory.
News of Rhea’s hidden ring and its plasma-depleting capabilities is appearing in a Science magazine paper March 7, 2008, “The Dust Halo of Saturn’s Largest Icy Moon, Rhea,” which lists among its 35 coauthors Los Alamos space scientists Hazel J. McAndrews, Robert Tokar and Robert J. Wilson.
“Los Alamos is in a unique position to have this expertise in building space instrumentation,” said McAndrews, a recent import to the Laboratory from the Mullard Space Science Laboratory at University College, London.
“Indeed, the Lab’s expertise in understanding Earth’s magnetosphere makes it particularly well suited to this type of research – as scientists like to say, ‘the same physics apply on Earth as on Saturn, but it’s just a different laboratory’,” said Wilson.
The Cassini Plasma Spectrometer (CAPS) consists of three separate analyzers designed to measure the electrically charged particles trapped within Saturn's magnetosphere. Los Alamos played a major role in the design and construction of two of them: an ion mass spectrometer (IMS), which
incorporates a novel design developed at Los Alamos to identify the different atomic species in Saturn's magnetospheric plasma; and an ion beam spectrometer (IBS), which is based on a design used by Los Alamos scientists on several previous solar wind research missions.
Key insights into the ion data have come from Los Alamos teammate Wilson, a doctoral graduate of the Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London. Wilson, having focused on planetary magnetospheric studies, is examining Saturn’s magnetosphere, particularly the plasma properties, densities, pressure, and speed of rotation – all data that will aid understanding of the global Saturnian system and aid the many researchers creating computer simulations of the ringed planet by providing known values.
“This moon carves a hole in the plasma,” Wilson noted, and even though the spacecraft does not rotate to give the instruments a view of all possible directions, he and other experts in the field have put their expertise to the test in understanding what their data can tell them about this unique feature of the icy moon.
The full CAPS team involves scientists and engineers from 14 institutions and six countries, including former Los Alamos staff member Dave Young, now the principal CAPS investigator at the Southwest Research Institute in San Antonio, Texas. At Los Alamos, the CAPS effort was made possible by the work of numerous members of International, Space, and Response Division and its predecessor organizations. The IMS was designed by Los Alamos staff member Beth Nordholt of Biological and Quantum Physics and former staff member Dave McComas. In addition, current members of the team include McAndrews, Tokar, and Wilson along with Michelle Thomsen, Dot Delapp, and Mike Henderson, all of International, Space and Response Division.
Los Alamos National Laboratory, a multidisciplinary research institution engaged in strategic science on behalf of national security, is operated by Los Alamos National Security, LLC, a team composed of Bechtel National, the University of California, BWXT Government Group, and URS, an AECOM company, for the Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration.
Los Alamos enhances national security by ensuring the safety and reliability of the U.S. nuclear stockpile, developing technologies to reduce threats from weapons of mass destruction, and solving problems related to energy, environment, infrastructure, health, and global security concerns.