In the United States, industry produces more than 3 billion metric tons of CO2 each year, around two-thirds of which come from fossil-fuel-based electricity generation. The image above illustrates the relative magnitude and spatial distribution of CO2 emissions across the United States. One technique for reducing CO2 emissions is carbon capture and storage. Researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory, The Ohio State University, and the National Energy Technology Laboratory have developed a case study showing how CO2 can be captured from ethylene manufacturing plants along the Gulf Coast in Texas and used for enhanced oil recovery at nearby oil production facilities. This approach could lower the “wells-to-wheels” carbon footprint of producing oil by around one third.

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